# Finance 335

FINC 335: Financial Markets and Institutions

Prerequisites: FINC 331; junior or senior standing

Credit Hours: (3)

This course provides hands-on modeling experience that begins with construction of a basic financial model and ends with completion of a full-scale forecasted model with valuation components. The primary focus of the instruction and deliberation will be the tools and techniques used in solving real world financial problems. The course requires access to computers, databases and software tools and will teach skills important to the investment and corporate organization workplace.

Detailed Description of Course

Introduction

Overview of class, objective and subject outline; discussion of practical applications
Some useful Excel tips for modeling

Practical and Hands-On
Linking sheets; drilling down; logical tests (“IF” statements); build an amortization schedule, summing & counting functions; IS functions, errors & warnings; control sheets, naming cells & arrays; vlookups, hlookups; choose functions

Introduction to Time Value of Money
Time value of money; present and future value; compounding (annual, periodic, continuous); annuities and perpetuities; complex problems

Pro-Forma Modeling
Financial ratios relative to sales; projecting value drivers; internal and external financing; the “Plug” – modeling the financing of the firm; effective sensitivity analysis; Gordon’s Growth Model; terminal values; estimating sales growth; aggregating domestic and international sales; financial ratio analysis; complete a DCF valuation model; compare your results to the most recent traded price of select company; pro-forma statements; modeling debt or cash as the “plug”; debt repayment schedule; complete a DCF valuation model; compare your results to the most recent traded price of select company.

Project Analysis
Payback and discounted payback; Internal rate of return (IRR) and modified IRR; net present value (NPV); EVA; pros and cons of each

Discounted Cash Flow Valuation
Overview of DCF and intrinsic valuation; determining cash flows; real vs nominal returns; terminal value; asset values; comparables; perpetuities and growing perpetuities; enterprise value vs equity value

Bond Math
The concept of present value; the bond price equation; three types of yield: coupon, current & yield to maturity (YTM)

The Yield Curve
Why is it important?; its shape; theories; how is it used?

Bond Math II
Realized compound yield; duration: what and why?; convexity: what is it?; dissecting a zero coupon bond: pricing off the curve

Some Strategies

Statistical concepts: probability distribution
Mean; variance and standard deviation; skewness; kurtosis; covariance; correlation

Statistical concepts: the relationship between a stock market and the market portfolio
Market portfolio; characteristic line; beta

Sharpe's measure; Treynor's measure; Jesnen's measure

Portfolio Optimization
Using Goal Seek and Solver to build optimal portfolios for known risk tolerances, creating an efficient frontier array and chart with Excel’s data tables

Brief Review of Option Basics
Types of options and contract specifications; profit/loss diagrams; minimum and maximum values; effect of interest rates on call and put option values; effect of volatility on call and put option values; early exercise considerations

Black-Scholes Option Pricing Model
Black-Scholes: the formula; what the formula means; computing an option price; adjustment for cash flows on the underlying instrument; options on dividend paying stocks; implied volatility; historical volatility into B-S

Introduction to Arbitrage Pricing Relationships
Synthetic positions; arbitrage trading strategies; put/call parity; locking in mispricings with synthetic positions

Nature of Futures Contracts
What is a futures contract?; forward contracts versus futures; comparison to trading ''cash market'' securities; securities buyers/sellers versus futures longs/shorts; comparative cash flows cash versus futures positions; different meaning of margin;

Characteristics of Futures Contracts
Standardized contract specifications; daily settlement; margins; futures margins, initial and maintenance; comparison to securities margins

Hedging With futures contracts
Review of fundamental of hedging; concept; risk and return of hedged positions; simple applications

Detailed Description of Conduct of Course

The course will consist of lecture, applied group work, and applied individual work.

Goals and Objectives of the Course

For a General Education Course, in addition to a statement of course-specific goals and objectives, include a description of the broad general education program goals and the goals established for the particular knowledge area of the program as these goals will be addressed in this course.

Having completed this course, students will be able to:

• Project an income statement and balance sheet
• Create and interpret pro-forma projections
• Construct a Statement of Cash Flows
• Create DCF-based valuation models
• Incorporate projection scenarios in a model
• Perform meaningful sensitivity analysis
• Determine the value of equity or the firm using multiples
• Understand the basic concepts of probabilistically-measured risk
• Use common function keys, differentiate between different ways of summing and counting, select alternatives to using the IF function
• Select and apply appropriate lookup and reference functions
• Create a Pivot Table to analyze data sets
• Use functions for discounting on uneven periods
• Explain the basics of bonds: prices, quote conventions, accrued interest
• Calculate nominal yield, current yield, real yields and yield to maturity
• Understand duration analysis - definition, calculation, interpretation, limitations and
• Build optimal portfolios

Assessment Measures

For a General Education Course, in addition to a statement of course-specific assessment measures, include a description of the ways student learning will be assessed to determine fulfillment of the broad general education program goals and the goals established for the particular knowledge area of the program.

Students may be assessed on homework assignments, class participation, and exams.

Other Course Information

Review and Approval
March 6, 2012

Examines markets and intermediaries that service the supply and demand for funds in a free enterprise economy.

Detailed Description of Course

• Functions of Financial Markets
• Determination of Interest Rates
• Relationships Between Interest Rates and Security Prices
• Financial Markets
o Money Markets
o Bond Markets
o Mortgage Markets
o Stock Markets
o Financial Futures Markets
o Options Markets
o Swap Markets
• Financial Institutions
o Commercial Banks
o Thrift Institutions
o Investment Banks
o Insurance Companies
o Mutual Funds
• Government Influence
o Federal Reserve System and Monetary Policy
o Reserve Requirements
o Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
• Futures Contracts: Descriptions and Applications
o Commodity Futures
o Interest Rate Futures
o Hedging Applications of Futures Contracts
• Risk Management
o Risk faced by Financial Institutions
o Risk Management Tools (applications of duration gap model, derivatives, etc.)
o Securitization

Detailed Description of Conduct of Course
Lectures on the above topics are supplemented with class discussion of related current events as reported in the business press. Students are encouraged to relate text materials to real-world activities.

Goals and Objectives of the Course

Having successfully completed the course the student will be able to:
• Discuss in detail the operations of financial markets
• Discuss the determination of interest rates as a function of allocating consumption over time
• Identify and describe the various financial claims traded in domestic and international financial markets.
• Identify and describe the major financial institutions.
• Understand and describe government influence on financial markets and institutions.
• Describe the hedging of risks by financial institutions.
• Relate text materials to actual business practice.
• Apply risk management tools

Assessment Measures

Graded assignments may include in-class tests, a final examination, pop quizzes, the assignment and presentation of problem exercises, papers, and class preparation and participation.

Other Course Information

None

Review and Approval
DATE ACTION APPROVED BY
February 2010 Reviewed Dr. Dan Davidson, Chair
June 1, 2012 Revised