Latin 315

LATN 315: Advanced Grammar

Prerequisite: LATN 350 or concurrent enrollment in LATN 350

Credit Hours: (3)

Intensive study of Latin grammar and syntax. Recommended for students planning to teach Latin.


Detailed Description of Content of Course

The course will consist of a review of the following:

  • the five declensions and any irregular forms; adjectives, regular and irregular;. comparison of adjectives and adverbs; correlatives;
  • numerals;
  • special uses for each case; time and place expressions; principles of agreement;
  • regular verbs of the first, second, third, and fourth conjugations; irregular verbs;
  • s verb forms; participles and their uses, ablative absolutes; infinitives and indirect statements; gerunds and gerundives;
  • pronouns (and related adjectives) - personal, demonstrative, reflexive, intensive, indefinite, relative, interrogative, and possessive;
  • questions, direct and indirect;
  • uses of the subjunctive - purpose, result, cum clauses, noun clauses (substantive or jussive noun clauses), clauses of fear, commands and prohibitions, conditions, optative, rhetorical, and deliberative statements.


Detailed Description of Conduct of Course

Students will review the grammatical forms and syntactical rules for classical Latin. Irregular forms, deviations from common usage, and some forms and constructions peculiar to particular authors or eras will also be studied. Class work will include worksheets and quizzes on forms; simple English-to-Latin translation; practice in analyzing Latin forms, phrases, and sentences; and detailed grammatical and syntactical analysis of prose passages in classical Latin (especially Cicero, Sallust, and Caesar).


Goals and Objectives of the Course

The basic aim of the course is a thorough review and intensive study of Latin grammar and syntax. This will provide the serious language student and prospective Latin teacher with the skills and knowledge essential for understanding almost all of the most difficult morphological and syntactical structures encountered most in Latin literature.


Assessment Measures

(1) Quizzes and worksheets on forms.
(2) Translation and completion exercises (English to Latin).
(3) Informal assessment of passage analysis in class.
(4) Detailed grammatical and syntactical analysis of Latin prose passages on hour-exams and final exam (some use of notes, grammar books, and a dictionary may be allowed).


Other Course Information

This course is recommended for students who plan to teach Latin. It may also be taken by Latin minors.


Approval and Subsequent Reviews
September 2005 Reviewed Philip Sweet