English as a Second Language 602

EDLI 602: English as a Second Language (ESL): Applied Linguistics

Credit Hours: (3)

Provides for a comprehensive examination of the relationship between linguistics and second language teaching.


Detailed Description of Content of Course

Students will examine the breadth and scope of linguistics and how applied linguistics affects second language pedagogy. The following topics will be discussed in the course:

1. Phonology of English: Basic Principles

    a. Phonemes
    b. Phones
    c. Allophones
    d. Consonants: manner of articulation, point of articulation, voicing
    e. Vowels: point of articulation, roundness, diphthongs
    f. International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA)

2. Morphology of English: Basic Principles

    a. Defining Morphology
    b. Morphemes
    c. Allomorphs
    d. Bound and Free Morphemes
    e. Derivational & Inflectional Morphemes

3. Syntax of English

    a. Defining Syntax
    b. Structural vs. Transformational Linguistics
    c. Introduction to Generative Grammar
    d. Phase Structure and Transformational Rules

4. Semantics of English

    a. Defining Semantics
    b. Connotation and Denotation
    c. Sapir-Whorf's Hypothesis
    d. Semantics and Grammar
    e. Structural and Lexical Ambiguity
    f. Semantic Features

5. Kinesics

    a. Gestures
    b. Signals
    c. Spatial Relationships

6. Language and Politics

    a. English-Only
    b. Gender and Language
    c. Sexism in Language
    d. Bilingualism
    e. "Standard" Language

7. Second Language Pedagogy and Linguistics

    a. Critical Period Hypothesis
    b. First vs. Second Language Acquisition
    c. Bilingual Education
    d. Interference and Transference

8. Attitudes and Motivation

    a. Instrumental vs. Integrative Motivation
    b. The Affective Filler
    c. Acculturation
    d. Measuring Attitude and Motivation
    e. Attitude and Motivation Factors Affecting Children and Adults

9. Discourse Analysis

    a. Defining Discourse
    b. Formal vs. Informal Discourse
    c. Planned vs. Unplanned Discourse
    d. Context and Discourse
    e. Culture and Discourse
    f. The Structuring of Discourse


Detailed Description of Conduct of Course

The following instructional strategies will be utilized in order to meet course goals and objectives:

1. lecture/discussion
2. small group discussion about text-related questions
3. concept logs in which students reflect upon main points presented in text and in lecture
4. case studies in which students study second language classes in relationship to principles of applied linguistics


Goals and Objectives of the Course


Having completed this course, students will be able to relate linguistic theory to student performance and second language instruction. Students will be able to assess affective factors and apply their findings to their instruction, producing a more communicative and individualized learning environment.


By the end of the semester, a student in this course should be able to do the following:

1. convey basic principles of phonology
2. compare/contrast and identify phonemes, phones, and allophones
3. identify points of articulation
4. utilize the International Phonetic Alphabet
5. identify features of consonants and vowels
6. define morphology
7. identify morphemes and allomorphs
8. distinguish between and identify bound and free morphemes
9. distinguish between and identify derivational and inflectional morphemes
10. define syntax
11. compare/contract structural and transformational rules
12. utilize phrase structure and transformational rules
13. define semantics
14. differentiate between connotation and denotation
15. apply the Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis to the second language classroom
16. apply semantic concepts to the classroom
17. analyze the role of kinesics in language acquisition
18. utilize techniques for teaching kinesics
19. determine the influence of politics on language
20. compare and contrast first and second language acquisition
21. determine the current state of bilingual education
22. identify and analyze the role of motivation in second language acquisition
23. identify instruments for measuring attitude and motivation
24. identify and analyze motivation and attitude factors affecting children and adult language learners
25. define discourse analysis
26. analyze factors affecting discourse


Assessment Measures

The course grade will be based on class participation, a concept log, analysis of case studies, a midterm examination, and a final examination.


Other Course Information

Suggested texts for this course:

  • Ellis, R. (1994). The Study of Second Language Acquisition. NY: Oxford University Press.
  • Lightbown, P. M., & Spada, N. (1193). How Languages are Learned. NY: Oxford University Press.

Current and relevant readings from the TESOL Quarterly and Modern Language Journal.


Review and Approval
March 1999 Revised