Faculty

Dr. Bakhitah Abdul-Ra'uf

Associate Professor of Criminal Justice
Study Abroad Program Faculty Director

Contact

Office: CHBS Building, Room 5027
Phone: 540-831-6338
Email: bbabdulr@radford.edu

Background

  • Ph.D., University of South Florida
  • M.A., Antioch University
  • B.S., Cheyney State University

Dr. Abdul-Ra'uf joined the Radford University faculty in 1993.

Interests

Dr. Bakhitah Abdul-Ra’uf is a Socio-Cultural and Applied Anthropologist, and Associate Professor of Criminal Justice. She holds a Ph.D. from the University of South Florida. Her research interest includes Police-Community Relations, Social Justice Mediation (training certificate, U of Mass, Amherst), Shari’a (Islamic Law) and Comparative Criminal Justice Systems. She has worked with the police in Virginia and Florida where she conducted ethnographic studies. The Florida study included attending the police academy as a full participant observer. She has also observed the Auckland New Zealand Police while living with a Maori (indigenous population) family. Dr. Abdul-Ra’uf has observed both the Finnish Police in Joensuu, Finland, and students/recruits at the Police College of Finland in Tampere, Finland. While at the Police College of Finland, she presented research that she conducted with the Blacksburg, VA Police Department. Graduate courses taught include, Social Awareness, Qualitative Research Methods and a number of seminars including, Understanding Police Organizations.

Recent Professional Activities

Dr. Abdul-Ra’uf recently authored The Blacksburg VA Police Department: A Model of Professionalism and Social Justice in the Law Enforcement Executive Forum Journal.  This publication is based on her most recent ethnographic research project which focused on police subculture, emphasizing the socially defined role of the police in Blacksburg, VA. The research also examined the training and socialization process which conceptualizes the life style or role of the police officer from their points of view, their definitions of reality, and the conditions that promote favorable relations within the community. The significance of the study was to focus on street level or patrol officers, and resided in efforts to identify Social Justice issues that create and nurture favorable relations between the police and communities in general.  The goal of the project was to describe, using an ethnographic approach, the police occupational subculture as it relates to current police training and practices, the relationship between the police and the community, and a comparison of practices relating to police-community practices between Blacksburg Police (small college town) practices and that of a previous ethnography conducted by Dr. Abdul-Ra’uf of the police in a mid-size city. Having gone through a police academy in Florida as a recruit, Dr. Abdul-Ra’uf was accepted not just as a ride along and observer, but as someone who could relate to the general subculture of the police.  Dr. Abdul-Ra’uf continues her relationship with the Blacksburg Police Department as she and Sgt. Kale Craver are currently examining municipal and police leadership.  Additional information about professional activities is available on Dr. Abdul-Ra'uf's vita.

Dr. Riane Bolin

Assistant Criminal Justice Professor

Graduate Coordinator

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CONTACT

Office: CHBS Building, Room 5405
Phone: 540-831-7547
E-Mail: rbolin1@radford.edu

Background

  • Ph.D., University of South Carolina
  • M.S., University of North Carolina - Charlotte
  • B.A., North Carolina State University

Dr. Bolin joined the Radford University faculty in 2014.

Interests

Dr. Bolin's current research interests include a variety of issues related to juvenile justice and delinquency, including juvenile corrections, delinquency prevention, drug use, and victimization.

Recent Professional Activities

Dr. Bolin has been working on projects in a number of different research areas. Her work with Dr. Pate on undergraduate substance use has led to two publications; one with former undergraduate student Jenna McClintock exploring the impact of substance use among college students was published in The Social Science Journal and another examining the impact of strain on non-medical prescription drug use was accepted for publication in the Journal of Drug Issues.  Additionally, she had an article entitled, “Drug use and abuse as primary motivators for male and female involvement in burglary: A comparison of self-reported differences among a random sample of male and female burglars” published in the Journal of Drug Issues.  Dr. Bolin also has had two publications recently accepted for publication in The Journal of Crime and Justice and Corrections: Policy, Practice, and Research.  Dr. Bolin’s current projects involve the professional orientation of probation and parole officers as well as public opinion of blended sentencing.

Dr. Lori Elis

Professor of Criminal Justice

Interim Department Chair

Radford University Office of University Relations

Contact

Office: CHBS Building, room 5028
Phone: 540-831-6775
E-Mail: lelis@radford.edu

Background

  • Ph.D., University of Maryland, College Park

  • M.A., University of Maryland, College Park
  • B.A., University of Maryland, College Park


Dr. Elis joined the Radford University faculty in 2007.

Interests

Dr. Elis' research interests include gender and crime, developmental theories of crime, domestic violence, and the examination of patterns of sentencing disparity in Virginia.

Recent Professional Activities

Dr. Elis' recent professional activities include publications in the areas of police responses to domestic violence, restorative justice, and an empirical test of Gottfredson and Hirschi's General Theory of Crime.

Dr. Egan Kyle Green

Professor of Criminal Justice

Extended Campus Coordinator


Contact

Office: CHBS Building, Room 5038A
Phone: 540-831-5995
E-Mail: ekgreen@radford.edu

Background

  • Ph.D., Indiana University of Pennsylvania

  • M.A., East Tennessee State University

  • B.S., Appalachian State University


Dr. Green joined the Radford University faculty in 2005.

Interests

Dr. Green's research explores rural crime, with a focus on wildlife crime and wildlife law enforcement; he also conducts research on illicit liquor manufacturing and distribution.

Recent Professional Activities

Dr. Green recently authored an article titled Culture Conflict Between Moonshiners and the Government: An Explanation of Jury Nullification and Nolle Prosequi in Illicit Alcohol Offenses in Rural Communities that was published in the International Journal of Rural Criminology. This is the first academic research article addressing illicit moonshine to ever be published in a criminological journal. He also authored an article titled Judging the Effectiveness of Anti-Poaching Hotlines that is published in the Journal of Rural Social Sciences. Dr. Green recently finished revisions to the 8th edition of The Police Manager. He is conducting fieldwork on wildlife crime during the fall 2017 semester. 

Dr. Margaret Pate

Assistant Professor of Criminal Justice

Associate Director - Office of Undergraduate Research and Scholarship (OURS)

Contact

Office: CHBS Building, Room 5403
Phone: 540-831-6339
E-Mail: mpate1@radford.edu

Background

  • Ph.D., University of Florida
  • B.A., B.S., M.S., Niagara University

Dr. Pate joined the Radford University faculty in 2014.

Interests

Dr. Pate has several distinct areas of research. One of Dr. Pate's research interests include the decision-making process that begins with the apprehension of a suspect all the way to conviction for the various actors in the criminal justice system, including law enforcement, attorneys, and jurors, specifically decisions about evidence and perceptions of guilt. Dr. Pate also conducts research on various teaching practices and the influence of these practices on student engagement and academic performance. Finally, Dr. Pate is also interested in issues of substance use among undergraduate students, including both the causes and consequences of such use.

Recent Professional Activities

Dr. Pate presented findings from two recent research projects on jurors’ use and comprehension of genetic evidence in a criminal trial at the American Society of Criminology conference in Philadelphia in November 2017. Dr. Pate has also recently published articles in each of her research areas, in journals such as Criminal Justice and Behavior, Journal of Criminal Justice Education, and The Social Science Journal.

Dr. Rachel Boba Santos

PROFESSOR OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE

Co-Director, Center for police practice, policy and research

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Contact

Office: CHBS Building, Room 4505 in Suite 4501
Phone: 540-831-5061
E-Mail: rsantos5@radford.edu

Background

  • Ph.D. Arizona State University
  • M.A. Arizona State University
  • B.A. California Lutheran University

Dr. Santos joined the faculty in 2016.

INTERESTS

Dr. Santos interests include conducting practice-based research which is implementing and evaluating evidence-based practices in the “real world” of criminal justice. In particular, she seeks to improve crime prevention and crime reduction efforts by police in areas such as crime analysis, problem solving, accountability, as well as leadership and organizational change. She and Dr. Roberto Santos co-created Stratified Policing which is an organizational model for systemizing proactive crime reduction strategies in police departments. Other areas of research include police/researcher partnerships, police/community collaboration, hot spot and problem-oriented policing, predictive policing, environmental criminology, crime and place, police/crime data and technology, experimental research methodology, and program evaluation.

RECENT PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITY

Dr. Santos’ recent professional activity includes leading a Virginia Department of Criminal Justice Services grant to assist police departments in Virginia implementing proactive policing strategies and crime analysis. She is working with a state police agency in the Northeast and local police departments in Virginia, North Carolina, Florida, and California to improve their community collaboration efforts and implement Stratified Policing. She has completed two experiments partnering with a police agency to test the effectiveness of systematic police response in both short-term and long-term property crime hot spots and has served as a subject matter expert for the Bureau of Justice Assistance to develop a crime analysis toolkit. She regularly conducts presentations at state and international conferences, publishes peer-reviewed journal articles and guidebooks for police, as well as writes and administers grant funded research and technical assistance. She recently completed the fourth edition her book, Crime Analysis with Crime Mapping (Sage Publications, 2017) the only sole-authored textbook for crime analysis. Additional information about Dr. Santos’ research, publications, and other professional activities is available on her curriculum vita.

Dr. Roberto Santos

Assistant Professor of Criminal Justice

Co-Director, Center for Police Practice, Policy and Research

Graduate Certificate in Crime Analysis Coordinator

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Contact

Office: CHBS Building, Room 4506
Phone: 540-831-5157
E-Mail: rsantos4@radford.edu

Background

  • Ph.D. Nova Southeastern University
  • M.S. Florida Atlantic University
  • B.S. Barry University

Dr. Santos joined the faculty in 2016.

Interests

Dr. Santos is a retired police commander from a large police agency in Florida where after 22 years worked in, supervised, and commanded every division within the agency. As such, his interests lie in policing. He assists police agencies and conducts evidence-based and practice-based research to “translate” research to practice and vice versa. Dr. Santos focuses on areas of crime reduction approaches and strategies, crime and place, environmental criminology, police use-of-force, police training, criminal investigations, organizational change and leadership, police and community partnerships, crime analysis, and experimental research methodology.   

Recent Professional Activities

Dr. Santos co-created a crime reduction approach, called Stratified Policing, that provides the means for a police organization to systematize and sustain proactive crime reduction practices taking “what works” and “making it work” within the police organization. He is active in assisting police agencies around the U.S. and internationally in organizational change, evaluation, and sustainability processes for institutionalizing crime reduction strategies, crime analysis, and accountability. In addition, he has conducted a quasi-experiment and random controlled trial (RCT) testing police response in, what he has coined as, “micro-time hot spots.” This work has resulted in recent grant funding, several peer-reviewed journal articles, and a police guidebook.  Dr. Santos was inducted into George Mason University’s Evidence-Based Policing Hall of Fame for leading rigorous research and the implementation of evidence-based practices into day-to-day police operations. Dr. Santos completed work with the Office of Community-Oriented Policing Services to publish a guidebook to assist police supervisors to implement and carry out community-oriented policing. Dr. Santos is the co-PI for a grant to assist Virginia police departments to institutionalize evidence-based practices and Stratified Policing.  He recently presented at Universitas Miguel Hernandez in Elche, Spain on the results from a blind RCT as well as to the United States Senate Judiciary Committee in Washington, D.C., for Vera Institute of Justice on data-driven, effective public safety systems and solutions.  Additional information about Dr. Santos’ research, publications, and other professional activities is available on his curriculum vita.

Dr. Shawn Smith

Assistant Professor of Criminal Justice

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Contact

Office: CHBS Building, Room 5401
Phone: 540-831-5593
E-Mail: ssmith479@radford.edu

Background

  • Ph.D., Old Dominion University
  • M.A., Old Dominion University
  • B.S., West Virginia University

Dr. Smith joined the Radford University faculty in 2016. 

INTERESTS

Dr. 'Shawn Smith is a criminologist and assistant professor specializing in traditional and contemporary ecological crime modeling and public policy development.  Within these scopes, his recent research and pedagogy includes urban-to-rural comparisons in crime theory (U.S. and international), emerging technologies in criminal justice, and digital victimization (e.g., cybercrime).

RECENT PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITIES

Dr. Smith is a regular participant of several national and international conferences, and regularly mentors both undergraduate and graduate students in the pursuit of their respective research interests.  Of late, Dr. Smith has also been active in unmanned aerial vehicle (drone) implementation and literacy for criminal justice students and practitioners both on campus and the surrounding New River Valley community.