Career Outlook

Management offers many exciting and rewarding career opportunities. There are many industrially developed countries in the world, including the United States, with sophisticated government, business, social, educational, and service organizations. The leaders of these organizations are managers and are called by various names such as boss, director, department head, principal, chief executive officer, president, branch manager, executive and administrator.

All management jobs include planning, organizing, directing and controlling. The degree to which each of these functions becomes part of a manager's responsibility depends on two things:

  • The level and extent of the manager's authority, and
  • The nature and size of the organization.

In larger organizations, managers track special functions, such as sales or finance. However, all managerial jobs involve interacting effectively with other employees, and working toward a greater goal.

Sample Management Job Descriptions

Supervisor or Junior Manager

  • Plans and schedules day-to-day employee operations, directing each type of production or service activity.


  • Works with small group of other employees to share ideas, overcome negative attitudes, and improve interpersonal communication skills.

Project Manager

  • Coordinates a design project through communication and teamwork, usually in computer science or engineering.

Middle Manager

  • Operates between junior and top managers, possibly overseeing branch or regional offices.

International Manager

  • Oversees an overseas branch of a corporation or a department dealing specifically with international issues.

Chief Executive Officer

  • In charge of an entire company or corporation, maximizing profit while minimizing difficulties within the organization or its relationship with outside entities.

Corporate Managers

  • Works with a larger organization, within any number of specialized departments, such as human resources, marketing, accounting, finance, etc.

Administrative Manager

  • Oversees services specifically related to actual operation of a company, including organization, communication, and evaluation.

Information Systems Manager

  • Oversees the data processing and network administration of an organization's computer systems.

Purchasing Manager

  • Engages in the business activity of buying materials, supplies, and services to reach an organization's goals.

Marketing Manager

  • Administers the sales and distribution of an organization, including economic forecasting and transportation.

Financial Manager

  • Controls the legal and accounting departments of an organization.

Office Manager

  • Organizes and executes various office functions within an organization.

Human Resources Manager

  • Oversees many critical personnel-related business functions, such as compensation, benefits, hiring, and firing.

Staff Development Manager

  • Directs the training and continuing education of an organization's employees.

Hospitality Manager

  • Administers services toward guests of restaurants, hotels, motels, resorts, etc., focusing primarily on customer satisfaction.

Meeting Manager

  • Plans and coordinates conventions, trade shows, conferences, and exhibitions by all types of organizations.

Personal Manager

  • Works closely with an individual to maximize their exposure and earnings.

Facility Manager 

  • Coordinates physical workplace with people and work of an organization.

Operations Manager

  • Controls procurement and production process within a manufacturing organization.

Production Manager

  • Controls the organization through final output of a particular product (i.e., a magazine or newspaper in the visual arts).

Industrial or Manufacturing Manager

  • Works to maintain output and maximize the efficiency of a particular production process of durable or nondurable goods.

Construction Manager

  • Directs the building or remodeling of a structure, working with the architect, city officials and the crew of workers.

Healthcare Manager

  • Interfaces with patients and families in the administration and financing of health-related services, such as those found at hospitals, nursing homes and personal care centers.

Pharmaceutical Manager

  • Assists in running drug-manufacturing companies, including areas such as research and development, marketing and sales.

Research and Development Manager

  • Conceptualizes a company's technical needs for development, through administrative and research activities.

Management Scientist

  • Uses a mathematical approach to analyzing business problems, screening options, and making decisions about resources such as time, money, people, space and raw materials
    Public Sector Managers.

City or County Manager

  • Oversees and coordinates day-to-day running of city, county, or regional governments.

Government Program Manager

  • Oversees a government agency or program, in such areas as economics, social services or diplomacy.

Non-Profit Manager

  • Directs the operations of a non-profit, usually charitable, organization, in areas such as administration, recruitment and fund-raising.

School Principal or Director

  • Heads an institution of learning, either public or private, budgets funds and relates with personnel and students.

School Administrator or Superintendent

  • Defines and implements the policies of a school district and maintains its quality.

College Administrator

  • Supervises certain facets of higher education, such as student affairs, financial affairs or academic affairs.

Farming, Forestry, Mining or Fishing Manager

  • Maintains a balance between the use of these natural resources and their replenishment
    Private Sector Managers.

Communications Manager

  • Maintains operations of a company related to disseminating information, such as telephone, Internet, print media, TV or radio.

Transportation Manager

  • Assists in organizing firms dealing with such modes of transport as airlines, bus, taxi, rent-a-car, railroads, or shipping and trucking.

Public Utilities Manager

  • Oversees development and distribution of needs such as gas, electricity, and water for a city, region, or state.

Real Estate Manager

  • Directs a team of real estate agents and helps to maintain an up-to-date database of properties for sale or rent.

Insurance Manager

  • Oversees activities of an insurance office, including the direction of sales, monitoring of claims, and keeping up to speed on insurance rates, coverages and eligibility.

Retail Manager

  • Maintains the day-to-day operation of one or more retail outlets.

Food Services Manager

  • Operates a fast-food franchise, restaurant, or in-house cafeteria, organizing areas such as procurement, personnel, marketing, and public relations.

Service Manager

  • Usually works for a retail store or supply company, overseeing repairs and maintaining product warranty information.


  • Manages own business, overseeing all aspects to insure its success.