Other Undergraduate Course Descriptions

Courses from the following departments may count towards Bachelor of Science requirements for the criminal justice major, related requirements for criminal justice, or as electives for the forensic studies minor.  Please refer to your Catalog for further information about which courses count for the Bachelor of Science, related requirements, or forensic studies minor.

Anthropological Sciences

ANSC-210/FOSC-210: Introduction to Forensic Anthropology (3 credit hours)
Prerequisite: ANSC-101, or permission of instructor
Serves as an introduction to the field of forensic anthropology, the identification and analysis of human remains in a legal context. It includes a brief study of the major bones of the human body, their growth, development, variation, and initial treatment and examination. Through lectures, readings, and discussions, emphasis is placed on the major methods and techniques forensic anthropologists use to identify unknown human remains for law enforcement, including preliminary discussions of determination of age, sex, ancestry, and stature fro the human skeleton. It also includes discussions of determination of time since death (or postmortem interval), manner of death, as well as differentiating antemortem, perimortem, and postmortem trauma. The role of the forensic anthropologist in mass disasters and human rights abuse cases is also considered. Students cannot receive credit for both ANTH-230 and ANSC-210.

ANSC-211/FOSC-211: Forensic Archaeology (3 credit hours)
Prerequisites: ANSC-101, or permission of instructor.
An introduction to the major methods of forensic archaeology, the application of archaeological theory and method to crime scene investigation and recovery. A focus will be on field methods for search and recovery of human remains and other forensic evidence, including mapping and geophysical remote sensing methods, initial recognition and excavation of human and other forensic remains, and collection of soil, botanical, and entomological evidence. Through a combination of lecture and field exercises, the course will also consider the major variables which affect recognition and recovery of forensic remains, including the taphonomic effects of weathering, natural decay, water, fire, faunal and floral degradation. Students cannot receive credit for both ANTH-232 and ANSC-211.

ANSC-320: Human Osteology (4 credit hours)
Prerequisite: ANTH-120 or ANSC-302, or permission of the instructor
This course is an examination of the human skeletal system, including discussions of the nature and functions of bone, techniques for the identification of bone, and methods of study of human bone in an anthropological as well as forensic (legal) context. Students cannot receive credit for both ANTH-320 and ANSC-320.

ANSC-420/FOSC-420: Advanced Forensic Anthropology (4 credit hours)
Prerequisite: ANCS-201, ANSC-210, and ANSC-320; or ANTH-120, ANTH-230, ANTH-320; or permission of instructor
Offers advanced hands-on experience and training in the identification of unknown human skeletal remains. Students will conduct skeletal analyses focusing on basic vital statistical parameters like age, sex, race, and stature. Other topics reviewed will include the role of the forensic anthropologist in crime scene investigation and recovery of skeletonized human remains, determination of time since death, skeletal trauma and pathology, and special techniques in forensic anthropology. Students cannot receive credit for both ANTH-420 and ANSC-420.


BIOL-231: Genetics, Evolution and Development (4 credit hours)
Prerequisite: "C" or better in BIOL-132
An introduction to the basic principles of genetics, microevolution, molecular biological techniques, and developmental biology. Topics include classical Mendelian genetics, cytogenetics, molecular genetic analysis, bioinformatics and genomics, microevolution, phylogenetics analysis, and plant and animal development. Laboratory experiments and projects apply course concepts and scientific methodology to biological research questions. This is the third course in a four-course sequence intended for biology and other science majors. This core sequence serves as a foundation and prerequisite for further study in biology.

BIOL-310:311: Human Structure and Function I and II (4:4 Credit Hours)
Prerequisites: BIOL-105 or BIOL-132:231
Focuses on the structure of the human body and the physiological mechanisms used to maintain homeostasis. Designed to meet the needs of students preparing for careers in physical therapy, athletic training, or any other area requiring two four credit courses in human anatomy and physiology. Biology 310 fulfills the anatomy and physiology requirement for Communication Sciences and Disorders majors. Students receiving credit for Biology 322 may not receive credit for Biology 310 or 311.

BIOL-322: Human Anatomy and Physiology (6 Credit Hours)
Prerequisites: BIOL-105 or BIOL-132:231
Focuses on structure of the human body and the physiological mechanisms used to maintain homeostasis. Designed to meet needs of science, paramedical, nutrition, dance and physical education students. Lecture devoted to physiological processes; laboratory major vehicle for presenting structure. Students may receive credit for only BIOL-322, or BIOL-310 and BIOL-311.

BIOL-383: Molecular Forensic Biology (4 credit hours)
Prerequisite: BIOL-231 or BIOL/CHEM-471/472, or permission of instructor
An introduction to the basic principles and molecular techniques currently utilized by the majority of forensic laboratories performing DNA and/or protein analysis. Lectures will provide students with an understanding of the scientific foundation for, and the development of, each technique. Topics include DNA/protein structure, origins of genetic variation, methods for quantifying variation, population genetic theory used in forensic analysis, forensic informatics, statistical approaches to data analysis and legal issues associated with molecular forensics. The laboratory portion will provide students hands on experience with a variety of forensic techniques, and will train the student in proper record keeping, laboratory quality assurance/quality control requirements, and performing routine laboratory calculations.

BIOL-450: Molecular Biology (4 credit hours)
Prerequisites: CHEM-102; and either BIOL-231 or BIOL-334
Covers the structure and function of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), the flow of information from DNA to ribonucleic acid (RNA) to protein, and the regulation of gene function in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Laboratories will focus on the techniques and application of recombinant DNA technology, including cloning and DNA fingerprinting.

Business Law

BLAW-203: Legal Environment of Business (3 credit hours)
A survey of the legal system of the United States of America. Civil Procedure, tort law, administrative law and criminal law are briefly surveyed. Areas of the law studied in more depth include contracts, government regulation, international law and agency. Business ethics and diversity are emphasized in much of the topical coverage. (Does not include coverage of the Uniform Commercial Code).


CHEM-301:302: Organic Chemistry (4:4 credit hours)
Prerequisite: CHEM-102
Study of the physical and chemical properties of organic compounds.

CHEM-465: Forensic Chemistry (4 credit hours)
Prerequisites: CHEM-302, CHEM-324, and CHEM-424
Students will gain insight into the many areas of forensic chemistry and practice techniques commonly used in private, state, and federal forensic laboratories. The lecture portion of the course will highlight proper collection, handling, analysis, and data interpretation of physical evidence from an accident or crime scene. The theory and principles of analytical methods and techniques will be presented. Spectroscopic, chromatographic, microscopic, and other techniques will be utilized to analyze evidence such as documents, fingerprints, fibers, paint, glass, firearms, drugs, arson, and explosives.

CHEM/BIOL-471:472: Biochemistry (4:3 credit hours)
Prerequisites: BIOL-105 or BIOL-121 or BIOL-131; CHEM-302
Study of the main classes of biomolecules, cellular organization, enzyme action, bioenergetics, and the flow of genetic information.


COMS-114: Public Speaking (3 credit hours)
Techniques and fundamentals of public speaking, methods for improving poise and confidence, delivery, construction of speeches and critical evaluation of speeches and speakers. For students who wish to improve their ability to communicate in public. General Education Credit - Communication.

COMS-314: Organizational Communication (3 credit hours)
Prerequisites:COMS-130 and COMS-230, or permission of instructor
An intensive consideration of the role of human communication in organizational effectiveness. Emphasizes both theory and practice and focuses on information exchange, behavior regulation, negotiation and conflict management as examples of fundamental communication practices.

COMS-332: Argumentation and Advocacy (3 credit hours)
Prerequisites: COMS-130 and COMS-230, or permission of instructor
Emphasis on the development and application of critical thinking and argumentation techniques, including argument development, use of evidence, reasoning and argumentation strategies. In-class practice debates facilitate implementation of critical thinking strategies by students.

COMS-333: Persuasion (3 credit hours)
Prerequisites: COMS-130 and COMS-230, or permission of instructor
Modification of attitudes and behavior through purposeful oral communication. Techniques studied include generation of attention and interest, motivational devices, persuasive campaigns and development of credibility (ethos).

COMS-400: Media Law and Ethics (3 credit hours)
Prerequisite: COMS-130 and COMS-230, or permission of instructor
Examination of basic legal concepts and legal problems affecting mass media and media professionals. Includes case studies from the areas of constitutional law, statutory law and regulatory agency decisions. Principles and case studies in mass media ethics explored.


ECON-391: Law and Economics (3 credit hours)
Prerequisites: ECON-106 and junior or senior standing
Analyzes the application of economic theory in the American judicial system. Investigates the choice of legal rules and regulations on the incentives faced by individuals. Considers the influence of economic development on the evolution of law.

Geospatial Science

GEOS-250/ITEC-250: Introduction to GIS (4 credit hours)
Course is designed to introduce students in geography as well as students from other disciplines working with the general concepts of Geographic Information Systems (GIS). Course will teach the theory and involve the practical use of GIS and geospatial data.


HLTH-451: Drug Use and Drug Abuse Education (3 credit hours)
Prerequisite:  Minimum 2.5 cumulative GPA
A study of the effects of drug use and abuse upon society and the public schools.

Information Technology

ITEC-100: Introduction to Information Technology (3 credit hours)
Introduces students to the fundamental concepts in information technology and mathematical reasoning that provide the technical underpinning for state-of-the-art applications. Widely used computer applications, including word processing, spreadsheets, databases, presentation software, computer communications and networking, serve as examples.

ITEC-245: Introduction to Computer Security (3 credit hours)
Prerequisite: ITEC-120 (Grade of "C" or better)
Overview and need for computer security, introduction ot threats and vulnerabilities, security principles and policies, survey of operating system and network security mechanics, ethics and privacy issues.


PHIL-112: Introduction: Ethics and Society (3 credit hours)
This course introduces students to philosophy through the study of ethics. Readings from major philosophers focus questions about value in human life and actions. Topics covered may include the nature of ethical reasoning and moral obligation, the value of morality to the individual and society, how ethics helps us understand our place in the universe, and how ethical ideas clarify moral problems facing society. General Education credit - Humanities.

PHIL-113: Introduction: Reasoning and Argument (3 credit hours)
This course introduces students to basic principles of reasoning and argumentation. Students learn to distinguish between valid and invalid reasoning, to recognize patterns of deductive and inductive arguments, to understand the way evidence is used in reasoning, to construct deductive proofs, and to evaluate the soundness of arguments both in everyday contexts and in writings of some major philosophers. General Education credit - Humanities

PHIL-310: Professional Ethics (3 credit hours)
Prerequisite: Three hours of philosophy
Examines contemporary ethical issues presented by various disciplines and professions in light of ethical theories. This course will focus on ethical questions and problems that arise in a variety of professions including medicine, law, nursing, education, social work, and journalism.

PHIL-375: Philosophy of Law (3 credit hours)
Prerequisite: Three hours of philosophy
Examines the central historical and contemporary issues in the philosophy of law.  Includes an in-depth study of central conceptual problems with philosophy of law today, the historical development of the concept of law in Western thought, and the unique issues that arise when the rule of law is envisioned on a planetary scale.

PHIL-390: Ethical Theory (3 credit hours)
Prerequisite: Three hours of philosophy
This course is an in depth examination of perennial problems and issues in ethical theory. Texts of major philosophers such as Plato, Aristotle, Aquinas, Hume and Kant are used to focus discussion of topics such as the nature of justice, happiness and the good life, duty and moral obligation, and moral virtue.

Political Science

POSC-120: Introduction to American Government (3 credit hours)
Introduces students to the study of American government. Philosophical foundations, constitutional development, institutions, and contemporary issues will be examined. There will be an emphasis on the continuing influence of founding principles. General Education credit - Social and Behavioral Sciences

POSC-300: Public Administration (3 credit hours)
Prerequisite: POSC-120
Background of administration as a profession, principles that are helpful to the administrator, and effect of political influence.

POSC-438: Constitutional Law: Governmental Powers (3 credit hours)

Prerequisite: POSC-120
Constitutional powers exercised by federal government; emphasis on intergovernmental relations, separation of powers, role of the Supreme Court in constitutional process and general theories of constitutional government.

POSC-439: Constitutional Law: Civil Liberties (3 credit hours)
Prerequisite: POSC-120
Theoretical bases, popular support, judicial interpretation, and role of civil liberties in the United States.


PSYC-121: Introductory Psychology (3 credit hours)
An introduction to the study of behavior. Topics include essential concepts in brain function, motivation, learning, personality, social and abnormal psychology, along with the methods used to study them, and their applications. General Education credit - Social and Behavioral Sciences.

PSYC-218: Adolescent Psychology (3 credit hours)
Prerequisite: PSYC-121
Emotional, social, physical, personality and cognitive aspects of human development in adolescence. General Education credit - Social and Behavioral Sciences. Students may not receive credit if previously taken PSYC-318.

PSYC-250: Psychology of Diversity (3 credit hours)
Prerequisite: PSYC-121
Proviedes an overview of the psychology of race/ethnicity, sex/gender, and minority groups in a multicultural context.  This course will cover issues of psychological development, mental health, sex/gender, and power inequity within minority groups residing in North America, including but not limited to: African-Americans, Hispanic/Latino Americans, American Indians, and Asian Pacific Islanders.  It provides a means of critical analysis and integration of diverse perspectives that exist within contemporary psychology.  Major emphasis will be on developing an understanding of the variation within and between racial/ethnic groups; psychological issues relevant to women and their minority or out-group status; psychological issues or regarding gender within minority groups; and the psychological processes that underlie the perpetuation of group conflict and inequity and the multicultural approach to confronting these issues.  Students cannot receive credit for both PSYC 350 and PSYC 250.  This course may be used to meet requirements for the minor in Women’s Studies.

PSYC-343: Social Psychology (3 credit hours)
Prerequisite: PSYC-121
Study of the effects of others on the behavior of individuals, including social perception, attitude change, attraction and conformity, as well as the structure and behavior of groups including leadership, competition and decision making. Fulfills one of the Social Sciences core requirements for the psychology major and minor. General Education credit - Social and Behavioral Sciences

PSCY-405: Forensic Psychology (3 credit hours)
Prerequisite: PSYC-121
Course provides a survey of the forensic psychology areas. Topics will include aggression, serial killers, jury psychology, eyewitness testimony, detecting deciption, insanity plea, hostage negotiation, and critical incident counseling.

PSYC-439: Abnormal Psychology (3 credit hours)
Prerequisite: PSCY-121
Study of abnormal psychology that emphasizes the history, major perspectives and Diagnostic and Statistical Manual III-R categories. Fulfills one of the Social Science core requirements for the psychology major and minor.


SOCY-110: Introduction to Sociology (3 credit hours)
This course introduces basic concepts and methods of sociology. It presents significant research and theory in areas such as culture, social structure, socialization, deviance, social stratification and social institutions. General Education credit - Social and Behavioral Sciences.

SOCY-210: Social Problems (3 credit hours)
Prerequisites: None
An analysis of problems such as crime and delinquency, overpopulation, social inequality and poverty and minority oppression is the focus of this course.

SOCY-250: Social Inequality (3 credit hours)
Prerequisites: SOCY-110 or SOCY/ANTH-121
Examines the dimensions, theories and distribution of inequality in the Untied States and worldwide.  Particular attention is paid to the effects of economic inequality on the life chances of rich and poor, men and women, and dominant and subordinate groups alike.  This course may be used to meet requirements for the minor in women's studies.

SOCY-333: Social and Cultural Diversity (3 credit hours)
Prerequisite: SOCY-110 or SOCY/ANTH-121
Provides, through lecture, discussion, and experiential exercises, an understanding of diverse cultures in the United States. Emphasis will be on developing the knowledge, attitudes and skills necessary for full participation in a diverse workplace and a diverse society. Students cannot receive credit for both ANTH-333 and SOCY-333. This course may be used to meet requirements for the minor in Women's Studies.

SOCY-365: Society and the Individual (3 credit hours)
Prerequisite: SOCY-110 or SOCY/ANTH-121
This course is designed to introduce students to sociological social psychology using a symbolic interactionist viewpoint. Approached this way, students will explore the symbolic nature of communication, the emergence of the self and our role in the creation and maintenance of our social skills.  Students cannot receive credit for both SOCY-265 and SOCY-365.

SOCY-443: Deviance (3 credit hours)
Prerequisites: SOCY-110 or SOCY/ANTH-121
Explores major sociological theories of deviance and examines the socio-political dynamics surrounding defitions of "morality," "normalcy," and goodness in societies.  Particular attention is given to sociological approaches to "mental illness," drug/alcohol use and sexuality.

SOCY-444: Juvenile Delinquency (3 credit hours)
Prerequisites: Six hours of sociology
This course examines felony and status offenses among juveniles and focuses on theories dealing with the impact of school, family and various subcultures on socializing youth. The differential handling of youthful offenders is also covered. Credit for SOCY-444 will not be granted after a student has received credit for CRJU-210, Juvenile Justice, or the equivalent course.


STAT-200: Introduction to Statistics (3 credit hours)
Introduction to statistical methods; descriptive statistics, normal distribution, estimation, hypothesis testing, correlation and regression. Will not satisfy requirements for major in mathematics. Students who have received credit for any of STAT-205, 208, or 211 may not receive credit for STAT-200. General Education Credit - Mathematical Science.