Provisional World Legislative Acts
First Eight Sessions of the Provisional World Parliament
(Edited by Glen T. Martin, Copyright, 2005, Institute On World Problems)
Acts of the Provisional World Parliament (1982-2004)
To Prohibit Weapons of Mass Destruction, Including Nuclear Weapons, and to Create
a World Disarmament Agency
Short title: WMD Prohibition Act
Enacted by this Provisional World Parliament in first session, September, 1982:
1. Prohibits all weapons of mass destruction (WMDs):
1.1. design, engage in research thereon, or test (class 6 felony)
1.2. produce, manufacture, fabricate (class 1 felony)
1.3. transport, deploy, install (class 1 felony)
1.4. maintain, store, stockpile (class 1 felony)
1.5. sell (class 5 felony)
1.6. buy (class 6 felony) or
1.7. detonate (class 7 felony)
1.8. direct, request or command violation (one felony level above violation requested, unless class 7 felony)
2. Establishes World Disarmament Agency (WDA) that has authority and responsibility to implement Act; and to supervise military disarmament throughout world, to immobilize, dismantle, convert to peaceful uses or otherwise eliminate from Earth all weapons of mass destruction, including nuclear weapons and elimination of design, research thereon, testing, manufacture, transport, deployment, storage, maintenance or use of WMDs.
3. Assigns pro tempore responsibility of World Disarmament Agency to Provisional World Parliament, and to Provisional World Cabinet.
4. Designates Board of Trustees of World Disarmament Agency (WDA) to have from 15 to 275 members, of which not more than 30 may come from any one continent and not more than 10 may come from any one country, with not more than one-third at any time from any single continent. Directs Board of Trustees to determine organization and functioning of World Disarmament Agency in accordance with terms of Acts #1, #13, #14, and other World Legislation. Prohibits national or international veto in decisions of World Disarmament Agency. Defines sources for Member composition to Board of Trustees of World Disarmament Agency.
5. Requires Cabinet of Provisional World Parliament to submit Act for compliance by all national governments and by all national parliaments, together with direction for compliance by communities, cities, states, provinces, or other political districts, and by universities, colleges, schools, institutes, labor unions, professional associations, corporations, cooperatives, other businesses, and by individual citizens throughout world. Requires Provisional World Cabinet to advise U.N. Center for Disarmament of this legislation and actions of World Disarmament Agency. Requires World Disarmament Agency to observe and direct disarmament arrangements consistent with provisions of Article 17, Section A-9, of Earth Constitution relating to paired ratification and disarmament.
5.1. Prohibits work related to weapons of mass destruction, except work of dismantlement or conversion under supervision of World Disarmament Agency.
5.2. Conditionally requires governing units within nations shall immediately proceed to immobilize or render inoperable any WMDs within their boundaries. Directs governing units to require cessation of all design, testing, production, deployment, transport, storage or maintenance of all WMDs with respective boundaries. Requires governing units to recognize supervision of dismantlement or conversion of all WMDs within respective boundaries by World Disarmament Agency. Requires governing unit to recognize world federal jurisdiction regarding any violations described in World Legislation.
5.3. Requires universities, colleges, institutes and schools to immediately cease and prohibit within respective administration or control any design, research, testing, training or any other work in connection with weapons of mass destruction, except design, research, testing and training for dismantlement or conversion under supervision of World Disarmament Agency.
5.4. Requires unions, corporations, professional associations, and other businesses and groups to immediately cease any work in connection with weapons of mass destruction, except dismantlement or conversion under supervision of World Disarmament Agency.
5.5. Directs national governments, national parliaments, and national courts to require immediate immobilization and defusing of weapons of mass destruction within respective borders or under respective jurisdiction, together with immediate cessation of all design, testing, research, production, transport, deployment, maintenance, sale or purchase of WMDs. Requires recognition of World Disarmament Agency by national government, national parliament, and national court.
Encourages all governments to include in respective penal codes prohibition of WMDs, with jurisdiction under world enforcement system under world jurisdictional level, Permits governments to participate in enforcement according to guidelines of World Legislative Act #20, for World Bench for Criminal Cases, of World Court.
6. Declares entry into force six months from adoption of this Act by Provisional World Parliament.
7. Directs Earth Federation Funding Corporation (EFFC), to request at least 1% from each entity ratifying Earth Constitution. Directs EFFC to request country subscription of 5% of last respective military budget, or 1% of respective annual budget, whichever is greater.
8. Directs Provisional World Parliament to elect standing Parliamentary Commission on Disarmament (PCD), to elaborate necessary details for inauguration of World Disarmament Agency. Composes PCD of 9 members elected by Provisional World Parliament, and 8 members to be co-opted by elected members. Assigns responsibility of PCD to Provisional World Parliament.
Appendix Non-exhaustive list of Weapons of Mass Destruction:
Nuclear weapons, including fission and fusion explosive weapons, as well as non-explosive radiological weapons containing radioactive materials, such as depleted uranium; radiological wastes may be considered WMD when not safely sequestered;
Bio-chemical weapons, including nerve gas, bacterial weapons, mass defoliants, any other kind of poison gas or bio-chemical weaponry;
Fire bombs, block-buster bombs, anti-personnel bombs, cluster bombs, neutron bombs, and other kinds of bombs;
Cruise missiles, Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles, short range missiles, and other missiles used to deliver nuclear or other weapons of mass death and destruction;
Bombers, military aircraft, and military aircraft carriers;
Battleships, military submarines and any other ocean launched weaponry;
Satellite weaponry or weapons stationed in or maneuverable from upper or outer space or Moon;
Laser ray weapons, and any other weapons which might in future be developed for mass death and destruction;
Delivery systems for nuclear weapons, bio-chemical weapons and all other weapons defined herein;
Delivery systems of means when used to convey military weapons across national boundaries.
Adopted as World Legislative Act Number One at First Session of Provisional World Parliament, meeting at Brighton, England, 11 September 1982. Entry into force 11 March 1983. Amended at Sixth Session Provisional World Parliament, meeting at Bangkok, Thailand, March 2003. Sentencing parameters adopted at Seventh Session, Chennai, India, December 2003. Formatting amendments adopted at Eighth Session of Parliament, Lucknow, India, August 2004.
ACT TO INAUGURATE
A WORLD ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION
Adopts Act to inaugurate World Economic Development Organization (WEDO) under following conditions:
1. Requires WEDO to administrate adequate program of world economic development to meet peaceful human needs, with development budget in Earth credits or Earth currency equivalent to of at least two hundred billion (U.S. 1982) dollars per annum (Approximatelyө10 million per annum), in very near future, although first years budgets may be less.
Designs WEDO as integral part of process of Earth Federation. Organizes WEDO to serve only those countries and people who ratify or give provisional ratification to Earth Constitution (Article 19, Sec. B-5, FEC).
2. Seeks capital funds for operation of WEDO from following sources, but not limited thereto:
2.1. Earth Federation Funding Corporation subscriptions from participating countries, of up to one-fourth amount that it simultaneously reduces from its military budget;
2.2. Earth Federation Funding Corporation subscriptions from oil-rich countries and other countries with surplus budget;
2.3. Deposits by thousands and eventually millions of people;
2.4. Development of financing potential and procedures defined under Article 8, Section G, paragraphs (d), (e), (f) of Earth Constitution, basing finance on potential productive capacity in both goods and services, rather than on past savings.
3. Establishes Planetary Banking and Credit system to receive, manage, create and disburse funds and credit, in conjunction with WEDO, in accordance with Article VIII, Section G, of Earth Constitution. Requires WEDO to extend line of credit equal to ten times amount of subscription to each country making subscription to Earth Federation Funding Corporation. Requires WEDO to make additions to initial line of credit on basis of productivity potential of approved projects.
4. Composes WEDO Board of Directors of up to 33 members to develop and supervise WEDO:
4.1. Designates Provisional World Parliament or World Parliament to elect 6 Members to Board for terms of 5 years.
4.2. Designates first 21 countries ratifying or giving provisional ratification to Earth Constitution, and making subscription to WEDO equal to at least 25% of their last military budgets, or 2% of GNP designate up to 20 Members to Board (to be called "subscriber members"), to serve terms of 3 years. Declares eventual sunset of 20 subscriber members upon completion of first full parliamentary term after commencement of full operative stage of world government.
4.3. Designates agencies of Integrative Complex to nominate 7 Members to Board, with one nomination from each agency (Article 8 of FEC), to serve terms of 5 years.
Requires Board of Directors to meet quarterly, and to elect own officers. Limits office to no more than 3 consecutive terms. Permits removal of Board Member for cause by absolute 2/3 majority of Ballot of Board.. Requires original source of removed Board Member to elect or nominate new Member to fill vacancy until end of respective term.
5. Requires Board of Directors to define and select Administration for WEDO.
6. Defines Subscribers Council, with each country ratifying or giving provisional ratification to Earth Constitution and making subscription to WEDO equal to at least 25% of its military budget or 2% of its GNP, to name Member to Subscribers Council.
Requires Subscribers Council to elect replacements of Subscriber Members of Board of Directors, after first terms are served.
7. Permits WEDO to establish roster of consultants and to retain outside agencies on consulting basis.
Requires WEDO to utilize services of Agency for Research and Planning, Agency for Technological and Environmental Assessment, and World Financial Administration of Integrative Complex.
8. Requires WEDO to invite each country making subscription to WEDO to submit projects for approval and financing.
Permits states, communities, districts, cooperatives, corporations, universities and other bodies or individuals to submit projects for approval and financing by or through WEDO.
Requires WEDO to prepare roster of projects. Permits WEDO to invite public of private agencies to implement projects.
Requires WEDO to consider and assist only projects by or within countries that have ratified or given provisional ratification to Earth Constitution, or by communities, corporations, cooperatives, states, universities, or other bodies or agencies that have ratified or given provisional ratification to Earth Constitution.
9. Requires WEDO to use following criteria in evaluating projects:
9.1. Non-military and peaceful purposes.
9.2. Contribution to supplying or servicing genuine human needs.
9.3. Equitable distribution of benefits and remunerations.
9.4. Employment of people needing employment.
9.5. Utilization of available resources, manpower, brainpower, and technology.
9.6. Conservation and protection of environment.
9.7. Utilization of renewable and non-polluting sources of energy.
9.8. Correction of present imbalance between raw material producing and finished goods producing countries or areas.
9.9. Technology transfers to improve conditions in less developed countries or areas.
9.10. Decentralization as compared with excessive urbanization.
9.11. Democratic controls.
10. Requires WEDO to commence operations as soon as 10 countries have subscribed or as soon as provisional world government has created Earth credit or Earth currency equivalent of (U.S. 1982) $200,000,000 (Approximatelyө10 million). Requires Provisional world government to employ secretariat and do preparatory work as soon as Provisional world government has created or obtained Earth credit or Earth currency equivalent of (U.S. 1982) $50,000 (Approximately ө2500).
11. Requires Continuation Steering Committee for Provisional World Parliament to appoint WEDO Parliamentary Preparatory Commission with authorization to prepare further details for organization and operation of WEDO, together with related financial institutions, and to bring any recommendations before upcoming sessions of Provisional World Parliament. Requires Provisional Preparatory Commission to work consistent with and not in violation of Earth Constitution.
Adopted as World Legislative Act Number 2 at First Session of Provisional World Parliament, meeting at Brighton, England, 12 September 1982. Amended at Sixth Session Provisional World Parliament, meeting at Bangkok, Thailand, December 2003. Formatting amendments adopted at Eighth Session of Parliament, Lucknow, India, August 2004.
ACT FOR OWNERSHIP, ADMINISTRATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF OCEANS AND SEABEDS OF EARTH AS COMMON HERITAGE OF PEOPLE OF EARTH
1. Declares oceans and seabeds from 20 km. offshore from all countries as Common Heritage of People of Earth, and as World Territory. Declares that Earth Federation owns, administers and develops all oceans and seabeds as World Territory for maximum benefit of Humanity.
2. Declares development and exploitation of ocean resources beyond 20 km. offshore to be under jurisdiction, supervision and administration of World Oceans and Seabeds Authority (WOSA), responsible to Earth Federation under Earth Constitution.
3. Declares invalid any claims by any nation to any Exclusive Economic Zones or to any ownership of oceans or seabeds or resources thereof beyond 20 km. offshore, as contrary to Principle of Common Heritage of People of Earth. Denies recognition of claims to exclusive economic zones.
4. Requires Commission for Legislative Review or World Oceans and Seabeds Commission to study Law of the Seas Convention to determine provisions in violation of principle of oceans and seabeds as common heritage of humanity, or unconstitutional provisions or provisions in violation of world legislation. Strikes legal validity of any unconstitutional provisions of Law of the Sea, or provisions in violation of world legislation.
5. Requires World Oceans and Seabeds Authority to manage, supervise, directly operate or require world licensing for development of mineral, oil, food and other resources of oceans and seabeds from 20 km. offshore, to insure that ocean and seabed development inure to primary benefit of all humanity.
6. Recognizes that in some provisions, Law of the Sea convention violates principle of oceans and seabeds as common heritage of humanity; specifically prohibits Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMDs), from transit on or within oceans (class 1 felony).
7. Requires World Oceans and Seabeds Authority (WOSA) to develop licensing requirements and require world licenses of any shipping company, oil tanker company, fishing company and other companies before using oceans from 20 km. offshore, including both private and nationally owned companies. Permits WOSA to adopt regulations of International Seabed Authority and Law of the Sea not inconsistent with Earth Constitution and world legislation.
8. Creates World Oceans and Seabeds Commission (WOSC) to prepare details for World Oceans and Seabeds Authority. Requires WOSC to report back to subsequent sessions of Provisional World Parliament recommendations regarding conditional adoption of Law of the Sea as world legislation, with repeal of unconstitutional provisions or provisions that violate World Law. Requires WOSC to make recommendations consistent with Earth Constitution. Requires recommendations to include listing of recommended repeal of original provisions in Law of the Sea that are inconsistent with Earth Constitution or in violation of world legislation. Requires Steering Committee of Provisional World Parliament to appoint five members to compose WOSC. Assigns authority to WOSC to co-opt additional members and consultants.
Adopted as World Legislative Act Number Three at the First Session of the Provisional World Parliament, meeting at Brighton, England, 12 September 1982. Amended at Sixth Session Provisional World Parliament, meeting at Bangkok, Thailand, December 2003. Formatting amendments adopted at Eighth Session of Parliament, Lucknow, India, August 2004.
ACT FOR INAUGURATING
A WORLD UNIVERSITY SYSTEM
Grants Charter for Graduate School of World Problems as part of World University System, under following conditions:
1. Declares purposes of World University System, and of Graduate School of World Problems.
2. Permits national and state level incorporation.
3. Assigns sources for Board of Trustees of nineteen members.
Requires Board of Trustees to employ administration for Graduate School and to oversee entire functioning of Graduate School. The Board of Trustees shall elect its own Chairperson and other officers. Requires Board of Trustees to meet at least twice annually.
4. Requires Chancellor to head Graduate School administration. Requires Board of Trustees to elect Chancellor, responsible to Board of Trustees.
5. Assigns sources for Advisory Council of neither less than 24 nor more than 48 members, so as to represent all parts of Earth.
6. Assigns Location for the primary campus of the School to be Radford, Virginia, U.S.A. Assigns locations for other campuses: Institute of Mundialist Studies in France; City Montessori School, Lucknow, India; Ensophion of Humanity in Kalamata, Greece; World Government Institutes (separate entities) in Japan and in USA; Kara, Togo; Toronto, Canada; Colombo, Sri Lanka or Clarkesville, Georgia, USA.
Permits Board of Trustees to decide other locations for other campuses.
7. Permits Board withdrawal of local charters where local administrators operate in violate of world legislation or Earth Constitution, or in manner obstructive to Broad Functions of the Earth Federation, as determined by Board of Trustees, and as defined in Article 1 of Earth Constitution.
8. Requires Chancellor to prepare annual budgets for operation of Graduate School, together with annual financial campaigns. Assigns Parliamentary Trustees to prepare initial budget and finance campaign. Requires Board of Trustees and Administration to work together to develop and obtain sources of financing for the School. Assigns non-exclusive sources.
9. Assigns Board of Trustees to be responsible to Provisional World Parliament or World Parliament until more complete World University System is established.
10. Requires Board of Trustees and School Administration to develop and refine further details for Graduate School by working in collaboration, subject to final approval by Board of Trustees and otherwise consistent with the provisions of Act 4.
Adopted as World Legislative Act Number Four at the First Session of the Provisional World Parliament, meeting at Brighton, England, 12 September 1982. Amended at Sixth Session Provisional World Parliament, meeting at Bangkok, Thailand, December 2003. Formatting amendments adopted at Eighth Session of Parliament, Lucknow, India, August 2004.
Short title: WORLD COURT ACT
ACT FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT OF PROVISIONAL DISTRICT WORLD COURTS AND PROVISIONAL REGIONAL WORLD COURTS OF THE WORLD SUPREME COURT SYSTEM, in accordance with Article 19, Sec. E-2, and with Article 4, of the Constitution for the Federation of Earth, hereinafter referred to as "Earth Constitution."
1. Establishes Provisional District World Court (hereinafter PDWC) in Los Angeles, California, U.S.A., and New York City, New York, U.S.A. Permits establishment of additional Provisional District World Courts.
2. Requires PDWCs to operate under Earth Constitution. Requires PDWCs to utilize as Rules those Rules presently in force in highest courts of host country or countries, except when national high court Rules are in contradiction with said Earth Constitution or of subsequent resolutions or legislation of Provisional World Parliament or World Parliament or World Supreme Court established under Earth Constitution. Declares World Legislative Act Number 24, for Rules of Procedure and Evidence as subsequent legislation.
3. Establishes first Provisional Regional World Court (hereinafter PRWC) in Los Angeles, California, U.S.A. Permits Provisional World Parliament, or World Supreme Court or Provisional World Supreme Court to establish additional PRWCs in countries and cities. Declares same rules for PRWCs as for PDWCs.
4. Permits World Citizen appeals from any judgment of any PDWC or from any judgment of any PRWC, directly to appropriate Bench of World Supreme Court or Provisional World Supreme Court or to Superior Tribunal of World Supreme Court.
5. Recognizes no necessity for district or regional origin and progression of appeal process.
6. Locates primary seat of Provisional World Supreme Court in Primary World Capital or Los Angeles, California, U.S.A., if primary capital not yet established.
7. Declares judgments of world courts to full force under World Law and International Law, have complete stare decisis effect and are res judicata in World Law and International Law on all issues adjudicated. Virtue of said force and effect shall enforce world court judgments. World Court shall deem any violation of said judgments violation of World Law and International Law. In every respect these world courts are empowered to fully function under Earth Constitution.
8. Assigns rules to World Court regarding Service of Process.
9. Declares general boundaries for indefinite terms or periods of operation for Provisional World Courts.
10. Defines juridical competence. Requires three competent Judges to preside World Court.
11. Permits Courts power to adopt local Rules consistent with aforesaid high court rules and with Earth Constitution, and world legislation.
12. Establishes Standing Parliamentary Commission, of five M.P.'s of Provisional World Parliament having legal training and experience or evident global legal competence, together with one member of legal profession in California, U.S.A. Permits six original members of Standing Parliamentary Commission on World Courts to co-opt additional five members. Grants full authority to implement provisions of Act without further permission or directives from Provisional World Parliament, except in matters specifically reserved for decisions by Provisional World Parliament and to further legislation that Parliament may enact. Requires standing commission to further carry on work in ways not contrary to provisions of Earth Constitution.
Adopted as World Legislative Act Number Five at the first session of the Provisional World Parliament, meeting at Brighton, England, 16 September 1982. Formatting amendments adopted at Eighth Session of Parliament, Lucknow, India, August 2004.
EMERGENCY EARTH RESCUE ADMINISTRATION
Lists in preamble 9 systemic climatic and resulting catastrophes, which could become irreversible within few years unless greenhouse syndrome of accumulating CO2 is reversed.
Describes in preamble several concurrent reasons for rapid increase of CO2 in atmosphere.
1. Creates Emergency Earth Rescue Administration.
2. Requires Emergency Earth Rescue Administration (EERA) to carry out coordinated worldwide emergency campaign on several major fronts concurrently, to overcome increase of CO2 before climatic and geological changes become irreversible.
3. Requires Emergency Earth Rescue Administration to conduct massive reforestation.
4.1. Requires Emergency Earth Rescue Administration to conduct massive re-mineralization of forest lands and crop lands.
4.2. Requires Emergency Earth Rescue Administration to conduct massive mineralization and remineralization in selected areas of the oceans of earth, and in man-made lakes.
5. Requires Emergency Earth Rescue Administration to expedite the transition from fossil fuels to safe and sustainable energy supplies and technology.
6. Requires Emergency Earth Rescue Administration to conduct massive publicity.
7. Requires Emergency Earth Rescue Administration to encourage, foster and coordinate participation of concerned agencies, both public and private, both local, regional, national and international, in common campaign for re-forestation, re-mineralization, and transition to safe and sustainable energy supplies.
8. Declares fronts of the emergency campaign as not limited to those defined herein, and other fronts may be defined and developed by EERA.
9. Assigns sources to create and compose Board of Trustees of up to 200 members, serving terms of five years, to direct and administer the EERA, within the framework and specifications of this World Legislation. Assigns responsibilities and regulations to Board of Trustees. Permits Board of Trustees to establish its own rules of procedure and operating structure within framework and terms of World Legislation and Earth Constitution. Requires Board of Trustees to make annual reports to Provisional World Parliament, together with interim reports as necessary.
10. Requires Board of Trustees to elect an EARTH RESCUE EXECUTIVE COUNCIL (EREC) of 21-33 members to manage the daily operations of EERA between meetings of the full Board of Trustees. Included ex-officio on the EREC are the three Co-Chairpersons and the Executive Director. The EREC is responsible for preparing the operating budgets for EERA, subject to approval by the Board of Trustees. EREC shall employ all necessary key personnel.
11. Requires appropriate salaries payable in Earth credits or Earth currency, amounting to Earth credit or Earth currency equivalent of three million annual equity salaries per year, or more. Designates sources of funding, including sale of Earth Bonds (WLA#7).
12. Assigns structure, purpose and terms for Original Executive Committee.
13. Requires Original Executive Committee to create Global Rescue Teams to seek ratification by national parliaments and national governments, by communities, states and other sub-national political entities, and by corporations and other organizations.
14. Requires election and operation of Parliamentary Commission for EERA of 9 members.
(Addendum) Specifies non-exhaustively 35 benefits of Emergency Earth Rescue Administration.
Adopted as World Legislative Act Number Six
Provisional World Parliament, Second Session, New Delhi, India, 1985
EARTH FEDERATION FUNDING CORPORATION
Short title: Funding Act
Article 1 Creates Earth Federation Funding Corporation (EFFC). Lists purposes: to obtain loans and contributions from both public and private sources; to disburse grants and payments to various agencies that will work to achieve democratic non-military, world federation; to arrange for repayment of all loansө25 (about 1985 U.S. $500) or more by Treasury of World Government; limits loans not to exceed ө2,500,000,000 (about 1985 U.S. $50,000,000,000).
Article 2 Permits Earth Federation Funding Corporation to contract loans as lump sums, or as annual subscriptions over a period of years. Lists permitted sources for Earth Rescue Loans.
Article 3 Requires Directors and Officers of Earth Federation Funding Corporation (EFFC) to determine approval or declinations of grants and disbursements of loans to best serve and help to achieve purposes of EFFC. Lists Earth Federation agencies to receive loans.
3.2 Lists Activities for which loans can be put to use: Ratification of Earth Constitution and implementation of world legislation.
Article 4 Requires repayment of Earth Rescue Loans according to specified conditions, including repayment schedule, interest to loan creditors, notification of conditions for repayment, and bonus interest for early investors,
Article 5 Defines organizational and operating structure of Earth Federation Funding Corporation to include Board of Directors, Officers, and Executive Committee, Directorate, and Central Bank.
Sec. 5.1 Composes Board of Directors of Earth Federation Funding Corporation according to specified guidelines, including 11 Parliamentary Directors, 12 other directors, up to 100 source of funding Directors. Directs originating sources to fill vacancies. Requires Board of Directors to adopt necessary bylaws and rules.
Sec. 5.2 Requires Board of Directors to elect EFFC Officers. Defines EFFC Officers to include President, two vice Presidents, Secretary, Treasurer, Executive Director for Directorate, and Managing Director for Central Bank. Requires Officers to serve 2 year terms. Permits Board of Directors to elect officers for succeeding terms.
Sec. 5.3 Defines composition of Executive Committee. Requires Executive Committee to make all necessary decisions between meetings of entire Board.
Sec. 5.4 Establishes Directorate in Lucknow, INDIA. Requires Executive Director to head Directorate. Assigns Directorate to implement Earth Federation Funding Corporation, subject to decisions of Board of Directors and of Executive Committee. Describes role and function of Directorate for disbursement of funds.
Permits Board of Directors to conditionally change location of Directorate. Requires Executive Director to serve as ex-officio Officer and member of Board.
Sec. 5.5 Defines conditions for establishment of EFFC Central Bank. Requires Board of Directors to conditionally elect General Manager to head Central Bank. General Manager of Central Bank is ex-officio Officer of Directorate, and of Executive Committee. General Manager is Managing Director on Board of Directors.
Permits Central Bank of EFFC to receive loans and funds from all sources. Requires Central Bank to make grants and disbursements under direction of Directorate. Central Bank shall make weekly reports, including recommendations, to Directorate. Requires processes for supervision and auditing.
Sec. 5.6 Requires EFFC grant applicants to submit applications to Directorate, and send duplicate copies to Central Bank.
Sec. 5.7 Defines quorum for Meetings of Board of Directors and of Executive Committee, to include at least three Parliamentary Directors.
Article 6 Requires Parliamentary Directors to invite up to 300 respected persons from many countries to form prestigious Advisory Board, and/or Board of Honorary Financial Sponsors, to give credibility, status and stability to Earth Federation Funding Corporation.
Article 7 Defines and requires first steps of Earth Federation Funding Corporation:
Adopted as World Legislative Act #7, at the second session of the Provisional World Parliament, meeting in New Delhi, India, March 1885.
Amended at the sixth (2003) and eighth (2004) sessions of the Provisional World Parliament.
Attested: Eugenia Almand, Parliament Secretary
For more information:
WORLD COMMISSION ON TERRORISM
Article 1. Creates World Commission on Terrorism.
Article 2. Defines Terrorism as use of violence against lives or property, or threat to use violence against lives of property, without formal declaration of war, for purpose of trying to achieve objectives that may appear difficult to achieve by peaceful means. Defines violence as use of force or coercion that is unlawful under world legislation and world law.
Article 3. Declares objectives and functions of World Commission on Terrorism (WCT):
3.1 To investigate and clarify issues and circumstances of any particular situation in which terrorism is involved;
3.2 To discover, uncover, clarify and define any just grievances or partly just grievances that may be involved;
3.3 To discover, uncover, clarify and define any extraneous, ulterior, hidden, manipulative, devious or false issues or reasons for terrorist activities;
3.4 To uncover and clarify true facts and nature of situations where terrorist activities may be used to enflame or confuse and utilize local or transnational situations, e.g., ethnic conflicts, for achievement of objectives pursued by third parties.
3.5 To discover and define possible solutions to particular situations involving terrorism, and solutions to any aspects of terrorism that transcend national boundaries;
3.6 To expose and seek end to all transnational shipment or trade in weapons of mass destruction and terrorists' supplies;
3.7 To expose and seek end to all training of persons to engage in terrorist activities;
3.8 To publicize true nature of situations where violations of human rights may be involved, and to have such problems taken up for peaceful solutions by World Ombudsmus;
3.9 To publicize true nature of economic problems which may be involved, where such problems transcend national boundaries, and to have problems taken up for peaceful solutions by World Economic Development Organization, with adequate resources applied to implement peaceful solutions;
3.10 To expose and seek apprehension of any terrorist agents or individuals engaged in transnational terrorist activities; to seek to bring such agents and individuals before World Courts of Justice.
Article 4.Composes nucleus of WCT from members of Provisional World Parliament, at minimum of one from each country.
Article 5. Authorizes WCT to invite each country affected by activities of terrorists to send both government and people's representatives to serve on World Commission on Terrorism.
Article 6. Directs WCT to function with liaison to Office of World Attorney General, and in particular, with Investigations Department of Enforcement System.
Article 7.Authorizes WCT to begin its work.
Article 8. Directs Earth Federation Funding Corporation to fund WCT.
Adopted as World Legislative Act Number Eight
Provisional World Parliament, Second Session, New Delhi, India, 1985
GLOBAL MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT
Article 1. Specifies authorizations of Global Ministry of Environment (GME), as follows:
1.1. Identify major issues of environmental problems;
1.2. Monitor environmental dangers;
1.3. Solve world environmental problems on global or transnational scale;
1.4. Co-ordinate all efforts promptly;
1.5. Identify major causes animal and plant extinction;
1.6. Identify possible preventions and remedies to extinction threats; and
1.7. Implement remedies and prevention of extinctions.
Article 2.1. Directs Global Ministry of Environment to work with Integrative Complex to solve global environmental problems according to specified directives.
2.2. Directs GME to report semi-annually to World Executive.
2.3.1. Re-confirms international convention regulations for double wall oil tankers. Requires GME to report semi-annually to World Oceans and Seabeds Authority (WOSA) regarding compliance.
2.3.2. Requires GME to work with Commission for Legislative Review to draft world legislation for sewage from cities, and to 2.3.3. protect Arctic and Antarctic regions.
2.3.4. Requires GME to coordinate with World Oceans and Seabeds Authority (WOSA).
2.3.5. Requires GME to coordinate with Emergency Earth Rescue Administration and Agency for Technological and Environmental Assessment for ocean and lake re-mineralization. Requires GME to report semi-annually to World Executive.
2.3.6. Requires coordination with WOSA to otherwise protect oceans and seabeds;
2.4.1. Requires GME to assess for Emergency Earth Rescue Administration (EERA).
2.4.2. Requires GME to draft world legislation to assist people who depend on trees for fuel to transition to non-hydrocarbon energy sources.
2.4.3. Requires GME to coordinate with other agencies of Earth Federation to promote family planning as part of global development program;
2.5. Prevent and reduce acid rain
2.5.1. Requires GME to determine pollution control standards in manufacturing, and in transportation.
2.5.2. Requires GME to plan large-scale measures to control pollution, and to protect eco-system.
2.6.1. Designates high mountains as Areas of World Protection.
2.6.2. Requires GME to monitor uses of high mountains to conserve mountain environments and areas downstream.
2.6.3. Recognizes value of certain high mountain areas in equatorial Andean region for spaceports. Discourages equatorial Andean land speculation. Declares Earth Federation to conditionally compensate landowners in equatorial Andean area for eminent domain.
Article 3.Requires Global Ministry of Environment to protect endangered animals and plants;
Requires Ministry to use conservation categories of International Union of Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (ICUN); and Mace & Lande (1991);
Requires Ministry to review international convention law for integration and codification into World Law, submitting proposals to Commission for Legislative Review:
3.1. Basel Convention ( www.basel.int )
3.2. Biodiversity Convention ( www.biodiv.org )
3.3. Climate Change Convention & Kyoto Protocol ( www.unfccc.org )
3.4. Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species or Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) ( www.cites.org )
3.5. London Dumping Convention
( www.londonconvention.org )
3.6. Migratory Species Convention (www.cms.int )
3.7. Montreal Protocol (www.unep.org/ozone )
Article 4. Details Further Steps
4.1. Requires GME to determine damage from used radiological, chemical and biological weapons and affected areas. Permits GME to develop technology to remove radiological, chemical and biological wastes.
4.2. Requires GME to coordinate with World Disarmament Agency to sequester or render harmless radiological, chemical and biological materials.
4.3. Requires GME to coordinate with Space Administration, for protection of outer space, moon, asteroids and planets.
4.4. Permits GME to coordinate with environmental organizations and governmental authorities;
4.5. Permits GME to coordinate with environmental agencies of United Nations system.
4.6. Permits GME to co-ordinate with World University System to establish training centers;
4.7. Requires GME to develop and implement energy conservation, recycling and energy-equivalency standards.
4.8. Requires GME to draft legislation to conserve and distribute surplus food stocks. GME may permit destruction of spoiled crops only. Prohibits intentional destruction of surplus food stocks without permit (class 3 felony).
Requires world legislation to prevent food surplus distributions from disrupting local economies.
4.9. Permits GME to monitor and protect wetlands. Recognizes convention for wetlands protection.
4.10. Prefers public transport by trains and buses;
Article 5 Sets Guidelines for Specific Action Program of Environment Ministry
5.1. Promotes environmental education.
5.2. Directs developers and governments to select appropriate technology for development projects.
5.3. Defines major projects. Requires prior environmental assessment for any major project that may affect global environment. Prohibits utilization of public or private funds for any major project without environmental assessment (class 3 felony). Requires permits from GME for major projects. Prohibits beginning or continuing of major project without GME permit (class 3 felony).
Exempts conditionally recent projects.
Directs GME to draft legislation to regulate major projects.
5.4. Requires recycling program and standards.
5.5. Requires GME annual report to Provisional World Parliament.
Article 6 Creates of Global Ministry of Environment
Directs Global Ministry of Environment to begin operation. Assigns accountability of Environment Ministry to Provisional World Parliament and Provisional World Cabinet.
Directs GME to receive assessments from agencies of Integrative Complex.
Article 7 Defines composition of Global Ministry of Environment to include Governing Council with 15 to 95 Trusteeship Council Members. Assigns sources for nomination to Governing Council. Defines terms of office for Trusteeship Council Members. Permits Provisional World Parliament to expel Members of Governing Council.for cause by simple majority vote
Permits Provisional World Parliament or to elect Minister for Environment or Environment Commission Chair from among its own members. Directs Minister or Chair to appoint Senior Administrator, if civil service lists are unavailable. Directs Trusteeship Council to decide further organization and functions of Global Ministry of Environment.
Adopted as World Legislative Act Number 9
Provisional World Parliament, Third Session, Miami Beach, Florida, 1987
WORLD HYDROGEN ENERGY SYSTEM AUTHORITY
1. Creates WORLD HYDROGEN ENERGY SYSTEM AUTHORITY (WHESA).
2.Declares tasks of WHESA to administrate various tasks to replace existing fossil fuel system with Hydrogen Energy System.
2.1 Directs WHESA to organize short-courses, seminars, symposia and conferences in order to educate people and decision makers around world about benefits of World Hydrogen Energy System vis-ΰ-vis fossil fuel system.
2.2 Directs WHESA to open World Hydrogen Energy Research Center (WHERC) for researchers from various countries to work on conversion of primary energy sources to hydrogen. Directs WHERC to do following:
2.2.1 Research and evaluate various methods of hydrogen production, such as electrolytic, photolytic, thermal, thermal-chemical, thermo-electro-chemical, and hybrid methods.
2.2.2. Investigate various methods of storage of gaseous and liquid hydrogen.
2.2.3. Determine and develop best ways of storage for different applications.
2.2.4. Investigate transmission and distribution of gaseous and liquid hydrogen.
2.2.5. Determine and develop best ways for different applications.
2.2.6. Research into utilization of hydrogen in residential, commercial, utility, industry and transportation sectors.
2.2.7. Research on safety and environmental effects of hydrogen, as well as on development of materials for hydrogen using systems.
2.3 Directs WHESA to assist in establishing Hydrogen Energy System Demonstration Projects wherever feasible.
2.4 Directs WHESA to assist each country to convert from present hydrocarbon/carbon fuel system to hydrogen energy system.
Declares limit of 50 years or less for transition to hydrogen energy production and utilization for equipment, plants and/or transportation
2.5. Directs WHESA to campaign compliance with uniform environmental surcharge legislation enacted by Provisional World Parliament or World Parliament. Authorizes Ministry of World Resources and Provisional Office of World Revenue to collect environmental surcharge.
2.6. Permits WHESA to define and develop other tasks.
3. Composes WHESA administration.
3.1. Directs Presidium or Provisional World Presidium to nominate WHESA Minister. Provisional World Parliament or World Parliament shall then elect Minister of WHESA. Declares three year provisional term for Minister. Permits Provisional World Parliament to re-elect Minister for successive terms.
3.2. Provisional Minister of WHESA may temporarily appoint Provisional WHESA Administrator, subject to approval of Presidium. Requires Minister of WHESA to nominate from civil service lists when lists are available, with nomination subject to approval from Presidium.
3.3. Requires Administrator to appoint General Directors for tasks enumerated under Article 2 of this Act subject to approval by Executive Cabinet.
3.4. Requires each General Director to propose technical and administration personnel, subject to approval by the Administrator. Requires Senior Administrator to use seniority lists of Civil Service Administration, if lists are available.
4. Activates WHESA as soon as Earth Federation obtains equivalent of minimum ofө350,000 units of Earth credit or currency (approximately ten million 1987 U.S. dollars) from energy companies and/or philanthropic organizations, or national or sub-national governments, or as soon as world economic system can allocate adequate funds. Derives WHESA budget after activation as follows:
4.1. One quarter of one per cent of GNP of each country ratifying Earth Constitution.
4.2. Two and one half per cent of net income of each energy company, including energy mining, transportation, storing processing (to fuel and/or electricity), and marketing companies - both public and private that take part in transformation process.
EARTH FINANCIAL CREDIT CORPORATION
Article 1 Defines condition of provisional ratification of Earth Constitution by ten national governments for activating Earth Financial Credit Corporation as division of World Economic Development Organization, to introduce new Earth finance, credit, money and banking system.
Article 2 Defines method of introducing and making transition to new Earth finance, credit, money and banking system, by extending multi-billion unit revolving lines of credit in Earth credits or Earth currency to all developing countries, and to other countries, willing to accept terms defined herein.
Article 3 Requires Earth Financial Credit Corporation to calculate initial revolving lines of credit in Earth credits or Earth currency on basis of ө50,000,000 units (about 1987 U.S. $1 billion) for each million of population for countries having natural population increase rates by birth of more than 2% annually, ө75,000,000 units (about 1987 U.S. $1.5 billion) per million of population for countries having natural population increase rates of between 1% and 2%, ө100,000,000 units (about 1987 U.S. $2 billion) per million of population for countries having natural population increase rates of between 0% and 1%, and ө125,000,000 units (about 1987 U.S. $2.5 billion) per million of population for countries having zero or less population growth.
Article 4 Bases the capacity and ability of Earth Financial Credit Corporation to extend lines of credit simply on facts of people available to work, resources available, and technology available, whether within country or by transfer, and not dependent on nor limited by prior savings.
Lists further values for extension of financial credit by the EFCC.
Article 5 Lists terms and criteria for extending revolving lines of credit, and for repayment. Requires provisional ratification of the Earth Constitution is a prerequisite to activating the Line of Credit to nations.
Prohibits unauthorized misappropriation, theft or transfer of world federal property. (class 3 felony)
Prohibits fiscal tampering with records of Provisional World Government Class 1 felony (WLA#13. 2.22.1.),
or tampering with records of World Government
Class 3 felony (WLA#13. 2.22.2.).
Article 6 Composes the EFCC Board of Directors to include up to 25 national participant directors or more and 30 world federal directors.
Article 7 Requires EFCC Board of Directors to elect its own officers from among their own number, to include Executive Director and other administrative personnel as needed.
Article 8 Requires EFCC Board of Directors to formulate and adopt rules and regulations necessary for the effective and efficient operation of the EFCC, subject to Executive Cabinet approval.
Article 9 Sets conditions for Procurement Department under separate legislation.
Article 10 Specifies circumstances to initiate the Earth Financial Credit Corporation without the participation of national governments at the outset.
Article 11 Requires Board of Directors of EFCC to explore feasibility for introducing and developing Earth credits or Earth currency as global legal tender, Earth unit lines of credit, and Earth credit accounting procedures, etc. from a global financial base in offshore World Territory or in zone of existing country where country grants legal extra-territorial status for this purpose. Empowers EFCC Board of Directors to implement this procedure as found feasible.
Article 12 Requires EFCC to develop more fundamental changes defined by World Legislative Act #11, in conjunction with transitional financial procedures defined under World Legislative Acts #2 and #7.
Article 13 Defines terms to recognize the net cash assets of cooperating banks and financial institutions.
Article 14. Establishes Basket of 16 Commodities linked to value of an hour of labor as basis for determining the value of Earth credit or Earth currency:
[(1 kilogram wheat + 1 kilogram rice + 1 kilogram corn + 1 kilogram potato + 1 kilogram manioc + 1 kilogram soya + 1 kilogram peanut + 1 kilogram lentil+ 1 kilogram pea + 1 kilogram garbanzo + 1 kilogram nyam) / 11] + 10 litres of pure, potable water + 1 litre crude oil + [(100 grams iron + 100 grams aluminum + 100 grams copper) / 3]= 1 unit of Earth credit or Earth currency = 4 hours labor at minimum wage (@ ө0.25 units per hour minimum) = 1 day's wage.
Prohibits attempt to adversely influence the value of the Earth credit or Earth currency (class 3 felony).
Adopted as World Legislative Act Number 11
at the third session of the Provisional World Parliament, convened in Miami Beach, Florida, USA, in June 1987.
Amended at the sixth session (Bangkok, 2003) and eighth session (Lucknow, 2004) of the Provisional World Parliament.
Attested: Eugenia Almand, Parliament Secretary
Provisional World Parliament
For more information:
Earth Manifesto, 1996
The Manifesto (proclamation) of the 4th session of the Provisional World Parliament (Barcelona, 1996), was reconfirmed at the 5th session of the Provisional World Parliament (Qawra, 2000). The proclamation comprises the first world legislative attempt at legislative summary of previously adopted world legislation, together with some modification. As such, the Manifesto of 1996 and 2000 was numbered as an omnibus bill and adopted as World Legislative Act #12. It is therefore part of the body of world statutory law. As it is a legislative summary, the Provisional World Parliament recommends that readers go as well to the referred world legislative acts for further clarity and specifications.
MANIFESTO of 1996
WORLD GOVERNMENT STARTS WITH MORE THAN 70% OF THE EARTH INCLUDED!
1. Reconfirms possession of all oceans and seabeds of Earth from 20 kilometers offshore of all land masses and island territories of existing nation-states, thus comprising at least 70 percent of Earth for beginning of World Government, reserving first 200 miles offshore for priority fishing rights of adjoining countries.
Claims possession on behalf of all inhabitants of Earth and via Provisional World Government territory of Southern Polar Area, known as Antarctica, together with all other territories and islands that are not already claimed under recognized ownership of nations; and together with all airspace above oceans and Antarctica, and all stratospheric space of Earth above nations and oceans.
Claims possession of Earth's moon.
2. Invites and urges participation by nations and national governments. Declares beginning of World Administration.
3. Reconfirms provisions of World Legislative Act #1, to prohibit weapons of mass destruction worldwide, particularly noting prohibition of weapons of mass destruction by sea and air. Any violations by prohibited movements or transport are unlawful (Class 1 felony). (Directing or commanding transport violation is unlawful (Class 2 felony).
4. Activates World Legislative Act Number 11 (as amended) for an Earth Financial Credit Corporation, by pledging total wealth of oceans and seabeds, Antarctica, Earth's Moon and solar system space behind all creation of financial credit per World Legislative Act #11. Declares no requirement or priority for privatization. Grants public sector full access to financial credit for legitimate purposes and to guarantee full employment for all. Credit under this section of Manifesto may never be used for military purposes or for production of energy by nuclear reactors or burning of hydrocarbons.
5. Activates World Legislative Act Number 6 (as amended) for Emergency Earth Rescue Administration, to cope with onrushing global crisis, and at same time solve or help solve dozens of other environmental problems.
Requires allocation ofө50,000,000,000 (about one trillion 1996 U.S. dollars.) or more, per year for next 50 years, employing all available personnel. Directs that national governments of all countries immediately join Earth Federation by ratifying Earth Constitution, so that World Legislative Act Number 6, and any needed supplementary world legislation, can be rapidly and fully implemented.
6. Designates Standing Parliamentary Commission on Disarmament, as specified in World Legislative Act Number 1, and begins process of appointing 50 Trustees to World Disarmament Agency, to be completed by Provisional World Cabinet defined under item eight of this Act.
Requires World Disarmament Agency to proceed as rapidly as possible to establish full institutional machinery for rapid implementation of World Legislative Act Number One (as amended), including: Arrangements for rapid and universal immobilization, dismantling and elimination of weapons of mass destruction, or conversion to peaceful uses if practical; in particular, to establish procedures and means for global supervision for complete and speedy dismantling and elimination of all nuclear weapons of all nations, employing scientific and engineering personnel already prepared for this work; and monitoring of all shipments of weapons, munitions, military supplies and personnel, etc., as defined and prohibited by world legislation.
7. Enacts provisions for Global Energy Administration:
7.1. To eliminate as quickly as possible burning of fossil fuels for energy, and to stop all nuclear energy plants as quickly as possible;
7.2. To launch and implement program of billions of units of credit for research, development and construction, to substitute fossil fuels and nuclear energy by solar energy, hydrogen power, magnetic power, and other sure sources of energy;
7.3. To build super grid of electric power connecting most of Earth for effective provisioning of electricity inexpensively, as envisaged by Buckminster Fuller, but with safety measures to protect people against harmful effects of radiation.
7.4. To quickly eliminate all oil wells in sea.
8.Establishes standing Provisional Worldwide Cabinet, to serve three year terms until replacement after 25 countries have ratified Earth Constitution, in accordance with Article XIX of the Earth Constitution. Lists positions for Provisional Ministers (Commission Chairs), ministries (Standing Commissions), services and agencies for initial election and selection.
9. Elects continuing Provisional Presidium for Provisional World Parliament, and ensuing Provisional World Government, to serve until replacement under provisions of Earth Constitution, and to continue until 25 countries have ratified Earth Constitution, as defined under Article 19, Section D. of Earth Constitution.
10. Directs Presidium to designate locations with five continental areas of Earth as first five World Federal Zones.
Approved as resolution at the fourth session of the Provisional World Parliament, meeting 1996 at Barcelona, Spain.
Reconfirmed as World Legislative Act Number 12 at fifth session of the Provisional World Parliament, meeting 2000 at Qawra, Malta.
World Peace Act
Article 1.Abbreviates term "Weapons of Mass Death and Destruction" as "WMDs".
Article 2. Prescribes immediate effective date. Prohibits activities related to WMDs: finance, brokerage, representation, funding, threats, advertisement, bunkers, accidents, intellectual property recognition, borrowing, lending, design or production of exclusive identifiable portions, software programming. Prohibits activities causing social disorder: directing other people to violate World Legislation; military assistance to violators of World Legislation; impeding enforcement or implementation of World Legislation; impeding World Legislatures; use of arms suitable for law enforcement to violate World Legislation; transfer of arms suitable for law enforcement to entities not ratifying the Earth Constitution; military blockades; using intelligent animals to violate World Legislation; disrupting telecommunications; designing machine viruses; conscription; tampering with records of World Government. Prohibits bids for war damage, unless bid is to Earth Federation after damage has already taken place. Strikes down Geneva Convention exceptions that permit targeting of civilians and civilian structures. Prohibits targeting of civilians on absolute basis.
Article 3. Prohibits United Nations Security Council Veto Power. Permits Security Council recommendation if respective Members ratify Earth Constitution.
Article 4. Permits World Attorney General to issue warrants. Confers restriction of enforcement to established World Federal areas. Declares purpose of enforcement as for public protection and restitution. Lists possible enforcements. Imposes civil and criminal penalties, in criminal cases up to life imprisonment with possibility of parole, in civil cases up to loss of all assets excluding minimum necessary for reasonable decent living. Permits conditions for leniency or stringency. Considers complexity of financial instruments. Permits supervised community service at standard minimum living wage to de-mine, decontaminate, disassemble military hardware or perform other work. Imposes progressive enforcement penalties. Permits compilation of credit files on convicts. Upholds suffrage rights of individuals in penal system. Confers civil jurisdiction to World Court. Exempts necessity for criminal code penalty classification until 180 days after commencing first operative stage of World Government. Permits conditional confiscation of property of violators. Permits conditional conversion of munitions plants.
Article 5. Directs universal compliance. Specifies direction to United Nations Center for Disarmament. Requests Provisional World Government to provide public notices.
Article 6. Establishes minesweeping program. Permits deactivation of nuclear weapons. Administrates disbanding of military forces. Permits local defusing of bombs. Confers chemical explosives to Emergency Earth Rescue Administration quarry operations. Establishes missile research program for sodium seeding of ozonosphere.
Article 7. Protects law-abiding veterans and law-abiding retirees, including benefits.
Article 8. Defines less lethal munitions. Restricts government and corporations to less lethal munitions by full operative stage of World Government.
Article 9. Establishes incentives for conversion to less lethal munitions.
Article 10. Declares no statute of limitations for violation of World Legislation.
Adopted As World Legislative Act Number 13
a.m., 26 March 2003,
Bangkok, Thailand, by Sixth Session
Provisional World Parliament
Attested by Eugenia Almand, Secretary, Provisional World Parliament
World Security Act
To Create an Office of the World Attorneys General Pro Tempore including Major Departments of the Enforcement System
Article 1.Creates an Office of the World Attorneys General Pro Tempore including Major Departments of the Enforcement System.
Article 2. Calls nomination of World Attorneys General Pro Tempore and Provisional Regional World Attorneys.
Article 3. Integrates Office of World Attorneys General and World Disarmament Agency. Requires World Attorneys General Pro Tempore to hold qualification as Minister of Disarmament. Permits World Disarmament Agency Board of Trustees to set policy regarding disarmament processes of Enforcement System.
Article 4.Defines structure of Enforcement System, including five major departments:
Department of Investigation; Department of Apprehension & Arrest; Department of Prosecution; Department of Remedies & Correction; and Department of Conflict Resolution. Lists respective functions for each major department.
Article 5. Permits Offices of World Attorneys General to determine location of first office quarters.
Article 6. Allocates 5% of annual world federal budget to World Attorneys General Office.
Article 7. Permits agents of Provisional World Attorneys General Office to hold two employments to obtain supplemental income, if jurisdictions are represented only at respective levels.
Article 8. Directs reporting procedures for Agencies and Departments.
Article 9. Requires World Police Officers to make an affirmation of loyalty to people of Earth. Subjects World Police Officers to public surveillance and public scrutiny.
Article 10. Mandates World Police Officers to report knowledge or suspicion of official corruption to Internal Affairs.
Article 11. Subjects World Police Officers to registration of weapons possessed while on duty.
Article 12. Subjects World Police Officers to Grand Jury in cases of deaths or permanent injuries associated with performance of duties.
Article 13. Requires Department of Apprehension and Arrest to provide training to World Police.
Article 14. Requires World Police Officers to use the least force necessary. Defines least force necessary. Declares least force necessary as guiding principle of world law enforcement. Subjects World Police Officers to suspension or expulsion for brutality or unnecessary force. Lists unsuitable equipment. Recommends and lists suitable equipment for World Police.
Article 15. Creates structure for World Police, including air, sea, land and space corps. Creates command hierarchy of World Police. Requires periodic rotation of officer assignments.
Article 16. Defines legal requirements of warrants.
Article 17. Permits World Disarmament Agency to determine further organization and functioning of the Office of World Attorneys General.
Adopted As World Legislative Act Number 14
10:30 a.m., 26 March 2003, Bangkok, Thailand, by Sixth Session Provisional World Parliament
Attested by Eugenia Almand, Secretary
Provisional World Parliament email@example.com
STATUTE OF THE WORLD COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS
Declares and lists basis in preamble for Human Rights Bench of World Court. Recounts origin of Human Rights Bench in Earth Constitution and in Convention of World Government of World Citizens.
ARTICLE 1 STRUCTURE
Comprises World Court of Human Rights as Bench for Human Rights as defined in Article 9, Section B1 of Earth Constitution.
ARTICLE 2 REMEDIES
Empowers Court to process petitions for writ of World Habeas Corpus and other complaints or communications by and on behalf of individuals if individual security or other human rights are violated without due process of law.
ARTICLE 3 THE JURISTS
Composes Regional Courts with Juris-Consults of recognized competence in World Law.
ARTICLE 4 JURISDICTION
Defines jurisdiction of Court of Human Rights
ARTICLE 5 ASSOCIATE JUSTICES
Requires Presiding Council of World Judges to assign Associate Justices from nominations to preside Regional Courts.
ARTICLE 6 TENURE
Defines term of office for judges.
ARTICLE 7 REPLACEMENT
Specifies conditions for replacement of judges.
ARTICLE 8 INDEPENDENCE
Requires judicial independence with no other professional function.
ARTICLE 9 INTEGRITY
Prohibits participation as an agent, counsel or advocate, or in cases if Member judge has previously taken part as agent, counsel or advocate.
ARTICLE 10 DISMISSAL
Prohibits dismissal without cause.
ARTICLE 11 OATH
Requires oath of every member of Court.
ARTICLE 12 REGISTRARS, - CLERKS, - CONSENT
Specifies qualifications for appointment of registrars and clerks without requirement of consent by parties involved or counsels of record.
ARTICLE 13 PRESIDING OFFICERS
Defines Chief Justice and Associate Justices as Presiding Officers of respective Tribunals.
ARTICLE 14 COURT OF REVIEW
Presiding Judge to designate Associate Justices to accommodate all parties in interest without preventing Court of Review from sitting and exercising functions elsewhere if desirable.
ARTICLE 15 PERMANENT SESSION
Requires permanent session of Court of Human Rights.
ARTICLE 16 ALTERNATES
Specifies conditions for Alternate Members of Court.
ARTICLE 17 FULL COURT
Requires full Court to sit in all judicial venues except when Chief Justice expressly determines otherwise.
ARTICLE 18 JUDGMENT
Specifies Circuit Tribunals judgment as subject to review only by Chief Justice and two designated Associate Justices.
ARTICLE 19 APPEALS
Specifies conditions for appeals from decision of Regional Tribunals.
ARTICLE 20 RULES
Requires Court to occasionally determine Rules of Procedure for carrying out functions.
ARTICLE 21 EMOLUMENTS
Provides emoluments for members of Court.
ARTICLE 22 COURT EXPENSE
Requires Tribunal to bear the expense of each Regional Court.
ARTICLE 23 COMPETENCE
Permits only individuals (natural persons) or groups of individuals to be parties in cases before Court to seek redress for deprivation of any human right.
ARTICLE 24 ACCESS TO COURT
Provides access to World Court
ARTICLE 25 WORLD BILL OF RIGHTS
Lists and specifies 15 additional rights not necessarily listed in Articles 12 and 13 of Earth Constitution.
ARTICLE 26 WORLD HABEAS CORPUS
Includes those rights designated in Article 25 as types of rights for which violations may result in writ of world habeas corpus.
ARTICLE 27 SANCTIONS
Empowers sanctions by World Court, World Ombudsmus and Enforcement Department of Earth Federation.
ARTICLE 28 SPECIAL COMPETENCE OF CHIEF JUSTICE
Specifies further provisions for appeal from decisions of Circuit Tribunals.
ARTICLE 29 VENUE
Requires party to make any petition for Writ of World Habeas Corpus to Circuit Tribunal having jurisdiction over place where person is detained, imprisoned or deprived of any other human rights.
ARTICLE 30 ALLEGATIONS
Requires specified allegations.
ARTICLE 31 PRIMA FACE RELIEF
Permits conditionally Associate Justice to find, prima facie, that petition is legally sufficient, and, empowers Associate Justice to issue show cause order upon respondent state as to why writ of world habeas corpus should not issue or relief sought should not be granted.
ARTICLE 32 SHOW CAUSE
Requires time sensitive show cause order from Court.
ARTICLE 33 RETURN TO SHOW CAUSE ORDER
Requires specification in return to show cause order.
ARTICLE 34 MOTION TO DISMISS
Allows petitioner time to challenge motion to dismiss.
ARTICLE 35 FAILURE TO SHOW CAUSE
Empowers Court to issue writ of world habeas corpus and set early date for hearing on relief sought.
ARTICLE 36 SUBPOENAS
Empowers Court to issue subpoenas and subpoenas duces tecum.
ARTICLE 37 SERVICE
Requires service of process.
ARTICLE 38 PRODUCTION OF BODY
Requires production of body as disclosure of custody.
ARTICLE 39 INFIRMITY OF PETITIONER
Requires consideration in case of infirmity of petitioner.
ARTICLE 40 CUSTODY
Permits direct or supervisory custody by World Court.
ARTICLE 41 PROCEEDINGS WITHOUT DELAY
Requires Court to proceed without delay upon respondent's return or answer, to examine cause of imprisonment or restraint, but examination may be adjourned from time to time as circumstances and substantive justice requires.
ARTICLE 42 DEFENSE TO RETURN
Permits party imprisoned or restrained to traverse respondent's return or answer.
ARTICLE 43 HEARINGS
Provides for alternate Justice in hearings.
ARTICLE 44 PUBLIC HEARING
Requires hearing in Court to be public.
ARTICLE 45 MINUTES
1) Requires Registrar or Registrar's Assistant to make Minutes of each hearing. Registrar or Assistant appointed for Circuit Tribunals who attends hearing shall sign Minutes, affirming validity; Court minutes are permanent record. Requires Court to make all Minutes publicly available.
2) Requires Court Reporter or Rapporteur to authenticate minutes by oath.
ARTICLE 46 FLEXIBILITY OF PROCEDURE
Grants flexibility of procedure to Court for conduct of each case. Requires Court to decide form and time in which each party must conclude presentation of evidence and arguments and make all arrangements connected with presenting or taking of evidence, including deposition form, if necessary.
ARTICLE 47 JUDGMENT ON FACT
Declares necessity for judgment on integrity and independence of appropriate, competent, material, relevant and ascertainable fact. Requires Court to proceed exparte if declination persists. Declares unchallenged or unrebutted evidence as pro confesso and final.
ARTICLE 48 LEGISLATIVE REVIEW
Requires Commission for Legislative Review to review functions of Presiding Judge of this Statute to help determine original intent of World Judicial Commission, which drafted most of this legislative Act.
Adopted 9:50 a.m., 27 March 2003, Bangkok, Thailand,
by the sixth session of the Provisional World Parliament.
Attested by Eugenia Almand, Secretary
Provisional World Parliament
World Hydrocarbon Resource Act
Mundializes all as yet unmined natural hydrocarbon resources on Earth, creating World Hydrocarbon Reserve Board for proper regulation of use of this common heritage of humanity.
Defines World Hydrocarbon Reserve Board accountable to World Executive.
2. Minister of World Resources
Permits World Parliament to nominate Minister or Commission Chair of World Resources to head World Hydrocarbon Reserve Board. Prohibits Minister of Energy from heading World Hydrocarbon Reserve Board. Declares world hydrocarbons not viable fuel available for unregulated combustion by world public, but instead source for durable, recyclable plastics and lubricants for now and for generations to come.
Lists responsibilities and powers of Minister or Commission Chair of World Resources, including consideration for licenses, issuance of licenses, fines, other penalties and tax assessments.
3. Advisory Board
Creates and defines functions of Advisory Board of World Hydrocarbon Reserve Board.
4. Composition of the Advisory Board
Defines Composition of Advisory Board, with membership from specified agencies of Earth Federation and from specified existing international agencies that ratify Earth Constitution. Defines rules for suspension or expulsion.
Permits license requirements of persons and organizations that work with hydrocarbon resources.
6. Authority of License
Disavows authority of national level licenses without world license.
5:10 p.m., 26 March 2003, Bangkok, Thailand
by sixth session of Provisional World Parliament
Attested by: Eugenia Almand, Secretary
Provisional World Parliament
To Implement the
Commission for Legislative Review
1.Inaugurates Commission for Legislative Review to function on provisional basis. Guides Provisional World Parliament to elect up to twelve of its members to serve on provisional Commission. Requires World Parliament to reconstitute Commission for Legislative Review according to guidelines of Earth Constitution, Article VIII. Sec. H 2, upon commencement of first operative stage of World Government.
2. Establishes complementary roles of Commission for Legislative Review:
To study form, style and codification scheme of world legislation;
To establish professional form and style guidelines;
To shall establish standard guidelines for numerical codification of all World Legislation;
To amend universally by numerical codification previously enacted world legislation;
To permit adjustment for different language character sets; and
To recommend amendments to previous body of International Law that might be adopted by World Parliament or Provisional World Parliament.
3. Requires Members of World Parliament to abide by form, style and codification regulations of Commission for Legislative Review if drafting bills or other proposals for Parliament. Requires Members of World Parliament to abide by form and style guidelines if motioning for amendments of world legislation or making other parliamentary motions during deliberations. Subjects decisions of Commission for Legislative Review to regulation by World Parliament, by simple majority vote in joint session.
4. Permits initiation of cases to World Court Bench for Constitutional Cases, or to any Provisional District World Court, if Constitutional Bench is not yet functioning, if unconstitutional legislative provision is suspected. Permits publication of world legislation in a labeled recommended form.
5.May compile, codify and publish a list of suggested amendments to Earth Constitution. May include specified judgment of Commission for Legislative Review regarding desirability or feasibility of any respective amendment. May compile pro and con arguments for any suggested amendment. May publish list of recommended amendments from total compilation, and recommend these to World Constituent Assembly.
6. Establishes basic guidelines for legislative drafting:
1. Use short sentences if possible.
2. Do not use synonyms.
3. Do not use acronyms, unless full term is so cumbersome as to perhaps cause confusion in its repetition. Define any acronym in text of bill, before use.
4. Do not use conjunctions, unless absolutely necessary.. Avoid constructions if conjunctions cause ambiguity.
5. Use lists if there are more than four items in sentence grouping, or when sentence grouping may otherwise be confusing.
6. Use active voice, rather than passive voice.
7. Do not use idioms, nor slang.
8. Refrain from legalese if possible. For instance, use Latin terms only when necessary for concise legal clarity.
9. Remember that "may" grants permission to act, and "shall" imposes duty to act.
10. Use full numeric codification.
Adopted as World Legislative Act Number 17
at the Sixth Session of the Provisional World Parliament in Bangkok, Thailand, March 2003.
Attested: Eugenia Almand, Secretary, Provisional World Parliament
Provisional Office of World Revenue
Establishes Provisional Office of World Revenue.
1. Authorizes Provisional Office of World Revenue to collect taxes forthwith. Authorizes tax collection primarily from rents on use of world commons, including following:
1.1. Land rents;
1.2. Mining surcharges;
1.3. Resource utilization fees, including sales taxes on hydrocarbon resources and carbon resources;
1.4. Technology rents;
1.5. Currency transactions; and
1.6. Electromagnetic spectrum rents;
2. Requires Provisional Office of World Revenue (POWR) to draft, recommend and submit to Parliament franchise tax schedule against sales of recreational drugs, including alcohol and tobacco.
3. Permits Provisional Office of World Revenue to collect annual poor tax at rate of 1/100th of 1% of net worth of every person. Lists taxable persons to include individuals, corporations and governments
4. Requires Provisional Office of World Revenue to operate collections department to encourage tax payment.
Permits Provisional Office of World Revenue to report failure to pay rents or other taxes to Earth Financial Credit Corporation for enforcement. Defines tax evasion as intentional refusal or neglect to pay taxes owed to government. Permits tax avoidance. Prohibits global tax evasion (class 3 misdemeanour).
5. Requires Provisional Office of World Revenue (POWR) to operate standards department to create tax schedule proposals and other tax proposals. Requires POWR to coordinate with agencies of Integrative Complex. Requires POWR to submit tax schedule proposals and other tax proposals at least annually to Provisional World Parliament.
6. Requires Provisional Office of World Revenue (POWR) to coordinate with lower levels of jurisdiction that have ratified Earth Constitution, to track cases of tax evasion at every level.
7. Permits Provisional Office of World Revenue (POWR) to operate exchange offices, receiving national currencies, Special Drawing Rights (SDRs), or Local Economic Trading Systems (LETS) until transition to Earth monetary system is complete. Requires POWR to endeavour to collect taxes in Earth credits or Earth currency. Requires POWR to reimburse overpayment of taxes exclusively in terms of Earth credits or Earth currency.
8. Schedules Provisional Office of World Revenue to begin operations in most suitable location or locations for beginning tax collection. Requires Members of Provisional World Parliament able and willing to begin this work to report at successive sessions of Provisional World Parliament.
Adopted 27 March 2003
Amendments adopted 13 August 2004
Attested by Eugenia Almand, Secretary
Provisional World Parliament
Criminal Code Penalty Classification
Short Title: Penal Code
Adopts Act for Criminal Code Penalty Classification.
1. Defines criminal offences as divided into seven felony classifications, three misdemeanour classifications and petty offences.
1.1. Presumes term of imprisonment for each felony, except for class 1 felonies. This term may be increased or decreased depending on the nature of offence, defendant's criminal history and existence of any mitigating or aggravating circumstances.
1.2. Requires Penal Department to work together with Department of Convict Management, Probation & Parole to design less disruptive and more humane measures for managing penal system, to include electronically supervised house arrest or electronically supervised internal exile within Earth Federation.
1.3 Requires World Ombudsmus to monitor criminal justice system and to take legal action if system or parts of system are in violation of basic human rights, as listed in Earth Constitution, Article 12, in Statute of World Court of Human Rights (World Legislative Act #15) or in other generally recognized Bills of Rights.
1.4. Permits imposition of fines.
2. Requires draft proposals for new world legislation or amendments containing penal provisions to previously existing world legislation or to generally accepted international law, to state criminal penalty as classified offence, at end of any section or provision defining prohibited activity. Directs Commission for Legislative Review to insert respective penalty classifications defined in addendum into respective sections or provisions of previously adopted world legislation of Provisional World Parliament.
3. Schedules Jail and Prison terms according to classification of offence.
4.Schedules payment of fines by individual convicts according to classification of offence and projected income of convict.
5. Schedules payment of fines for enterprises according to classification of offence and projected income of enterprise, except in cases of license revocation, in which case convicted enterprise may forfeit all assets.
6. Defines Petty offences as all lesser offences with no imprisonment authorized.
7. Defines mitigating and aggravating circumstances.
8.Defines extenuating circumstances for reducing penalties or dropping criminal charges, or otherwise dismissing case.
9. Recommends World Court to investigate causes of offence, if Court convicts person for third or further offense.
Includes Addendum of penalty classifications to be applied to world legislation:
From World Legislative Act #1, Article 1, prohibiting nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction; From World Legislative Act # 13, World Peace Act
Additional Classifications, from World Legislative Act #14, the World Security Act; for additional crimes not yet stipulated elsewhere in Statutes:
Attempting to suborn judge, jury member, prosecutor, defense attorney, witness or bailiff in world federal trial Class 3 felony
Tampering with or destruction of evidence of world federal trial Class 3 felony
Unauthorized misappropriation, theft or transfer of world federal property Class 3 felony
Unauthorized intentional destruction of world government record is unlawful (class 4 felony) (WLA#07.7.5. and WLA#25.11.1.)
Counterfeiting of world federal financial instruments, bonds or currency Class 3 felony;
and From Elements of Crime, Article 6 Genocide; Article 7 Crimes against humanity, and Article 8 - War crimes; with classifications adopted by Provisional World Parliament.
Requires Enforcement System and World Courts to consider constitutionality in any cases resulting from violations defined in Elements of Crime.
Requires more severe sentencing in cases where violator directs another to commit world crime, applicable in cases resulting from violations listed in Elements of Crime as well as within all world legislative acts.
Adopted as World Legislative Act Number 19
on 28 December 2003, Chennai, India, at the Seventh Session of the Provisional World Parliament
Attested: Eugenia Almand, Parliamentary Secretary
For further reference, go to
Elements of Crimes .pdf at
World Bench for Criminal Cases
(Underlined sections added to original
International Criminal Court Statute during act adoption by the Provisional World Parliament, in Seventh Session at Chennai (Madras), India, December 2003)
Article 1 (A-1) Establishes World Bench for Criminal Cases ("the Court") as permanent institution with power to exercise its jurisdiction over persons for most serious crimes of world concern, complementary to national criminal jurisdictions.
A-5 Lists Crimes within jurisdiction of World Court, extending from original Rome Statute to also include environmental crimes, world federal corruption and interference in world government. A-6,7,8 Defines world crimes: crime of genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, crime of aggression, environmental crimes, world federal corruption and interference in world government. A-9 Outlines purpose of Elements of Crimes. A-10 Permits independent development of binding world law. A-11 Declares immediate date of entry into force. A-12,13 Defines jurisdiction of World Court. A-14-15 Defines roles of World Attorneys General, Presidium and World Ombudsmus with respect to World Court. A-16 Prohibits Security Council representatives to deny or defer jurisdiction (class 3 felony). A-17,18,19 Defines issues of admissibility. Grants jurisdiction to World Court in event of national judicial incapacity. A-20 Reconfirms human right of freedom from double jeopardy within World Court (Ne bis in idem.) Prohibits secret trials and binding mock trials (class 3 to 6 felony). A-21. Cites applicable law.
PART 3. GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF CRIMINAL LAW
A-22 Nullum crimen sine lege. Reconfirms principle of no ex-post-facto prosecution. A-23 Nulla poena sine lege. Declares World Legislative criminal classification necessary for penal sentences. A-24 Reconfirms that criminal responsibility is not retroactive (ratione personae) A-25 Confirms that individuals are liable for crimes. Defines criminal responsibility. A-26 Excludes juvenile jurisdiction for Criminal Bench. Suggests world legislation for juvenile bench. A-27 Declares irrelevance of official capacity. Declares all officials fully liable to prosecution and sentencing. A-28 Declares all commanders and other superiors fully liable to prosecution and sentencing. A-29 Re-confirms crimes as not subject to any statute of limitations. A-30 Considers mental element. A-31 Defines grounds for excluding criminal responsibility based on mental disease or defect. A-32 Considers instance of mistake of fact or mistake of law. A-33 Considers exceptions regarding superior orders and prescription of law, with orders to commit genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes or to otherwise violate world legislation manifestly unlawful.
A-34 Establishes organs of World Court: Presidency (Presiding Council); Appeals Division, Trial Division, & Pre-Trial Division; Registry; Prosecutor (World Attorneys General) A-35 Defines service of judges. A-36 Defines qualifications, nomination and election of judges. A-37 Defines procedure in event of judicial vacancies. A-38 Defines Presidency with Chief Justice and Associate Chief Justices. A-39 Defines Chambers. A-40 Requires independence of judges. A-41 Defines conditions for excusing and disqualification of judges. A-42 Defines & reconfirms Office of Prosecutor (World Attorney General) A-43 Defines and establishes Registry and functions of Registrar. A-44 Defines and establishes Staff for Registry and World Attorneys General. A-45 Requires solemn undertaking by judges, attorneys, & registrars to affirm and uphold Earth Constitution. A-46 Defines conditions for removal from office of judges, prosecutors or registrars. A-47 Allows disciplinary measures for less serious misconduct. A-48 Defines privileges and immunities regarding World Court over national jurisdictions. A-49 Defines process for salaries, allowances and expenses. A-50 Establishes Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish as official languages of Court. Establishes French and English as working languages. A-51 Declares role and conditions for Rules of Procedure and Evidence. A-52 Grants Judges authority to adopt conditional Regulations of the Court.
PART 5. INVESTIGATION AND PROSECUTION
A-53 Defines conditions for initiation of investigation.
A-54 Defines duties and powers of Prosecutor with respect to investigations. A-55 Re-confirms rights of persons during an investigation, including right to competent interpretation & right to own counsel. A-56 Defines role of Pre-Trial Chamber in relation to unique investigative opportunities. A-57 Defines functions and powers of the Pre-Trial Chamber. A-58 Defines issuance by Pre-Trial Chamber of warrants of arrest or summons to appear. A-59 Defines arrest proceedings in the custodial State during Provisional World Government and first operative stage of World Government. A-60 Defines initial proceedings before World Court. A-61 Requires confirmation of charges before trial.
PART 6. THE TRIAL
A-62 Establishes conditionally Court Seat as place of trial. A-63 Requires conditionally presence of accused in trial. A-64 Defines functions and powers of Trial Chamber. A-65 Prescribes proceedings on admission of guilt. A-66 Requires presumption of innocence until conviction. A-67 Defines and re-confirms rights of accused. A-68 Requires protection of victims and witnesses and their participation in proceedings.
A-69 Defines procedure for submission of evidence. A-70 Defines offences against administration of justice. A-71 Permits Court sanctions for misconduct before World Court. A-72 Allows conditional protection of national security information only for world citizens and states Members of Earth Federation. A-73 Establishes procedure regarding third-party information or documents. A-74 Defines requirements for decision. A-75 Considers reparations to victims. A-76 Establishes procedure for sentencing.
A-77 Defines generally applicable penalties, in terms of imprisonment, fines and forfeiture of benefits derived from the crime. Refers to Criminal Code Penalty Classification. A-78 Defines guidelines for determination of sentence. A-79 Directs Assembly of States Parties to Establish Trust Fund for victims.
A-80 Declares non-prejudice to national application of penalties and national laws.
PART 8. APPEAL AND REVISION
A-81 Defines grounds & procedure for appeal against decision of acquittal or conviction or against sentence.
suspended during period allowed for appeal and for duration of appeal proceedings. A-82 Defines Appeal conditions. A-83 Defines appeal powers & proceedings. A-84 Defines grounds for revision of conviction or sentence. A-85 Recognizes right to compensation to arrested or wrongly convicted person.
PART 9. INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION AND JUDICIAL ASSISTANCE
A-86 Declares general obligation to cooperate with Court. A-87 Establishes role of Court orders for cooperation with general provisions. A-88 Requires availability of procedures under national law. A-89 Defines procedure for Surrender of persons to World Court. A-90 Declares World Court precedence in cases of requests competing to court orders.
A-92 Defines orders for provisional arrest.
A-93 Defines and prescribes other forms of cooperation.
A-96 Defines contents of order for other forms of assistance under article 93
A-97 Requires States to consult with World Court in case of conflict, uncertainty or confusion.
A-98 Prohibits refusal to cooperate on grounds of immunity (Class 3 felony)
A-100 Requires cost accounting. Allocates installments of reimbursement in Earth Credits of court costs to States Party to Earth Constitution.
A-101 Requires specialty of charges. A-102 Defines terms
(a) "surrender" means delivering up of person by State to World Court, pursuant to this Statute.
(b) "extradition" means delivering up of person by one State to another as provided by treaty, convention or national legislation.
(c) "request" means petition from one State to another, or from one state to World Court.
(d) "order" means binding directive from World Court.
PART 10. ENFORCEMENT
A-104 Permits World Court change in designation of State of enforcement.
A-105 Requires enforcement of sentence, subject to World Court. A-106 Defines supervision of enforcement of sentences and conditions of imprisonment. A-107 Defines conditions for transfer of person upon completion of sentence. A-108 Limits conditionally prosecution or punishment of other offences. A-109 Requires enforcement of fines and forfeiture measures. Requires fines to be in Earth credits or Earth currency. A-110 Permits review by World Court concerning reduction of sentence. A-111 Permits response to escape.
PART 11. ASSEMBLY OF STATES PARTIES
A-112 Defines functions & powers of Assembly of States Parties in relation to Earth Constitution. Permits State Party to pay financial contribution in terms of Earth Credits.
A-117 Directs assessment of contributions to be determined in Earth Credits.
A-118 Requires independent annual audit.
PART 13. FINAL CLAUSES
A-119 Defines conditions for settlement of disputes concerning judicial functions, to include primarily World Court, but also Assembly of States Parties, World Parliament, World Ombudsmus or International Bench, when formed.
A-125 Defines conditions for signature, ratification, acceptance, approval or accession. Prohibits direct national signature or approval of revised Statute for World Bench of Criminal Court. Recommends simultaneous accession to Earth Constitution by minimum of approximately two dozen national governments, World Parliament of which can confirm, amend or strike down this Statute, in joint session, or severally.
A-126 Declares immediate entry into force for operations of World Bench of Criminal Court, binding upon individuals and States Parties, upon adoption by Provisional World Parliament. Declares Court itself bound by this Statute upon deposit of 25th instrument of national ratification, or by conditions defined in Earth Constitution, Article 17, Section C-1.
ADOPTED at Chennai this 27th day of December 2003.
Attested by: Eugenia Almand, Parliamentary Secretary firstname.lastname@example.org. www.worldproblems.net
Department of World Patents and Intellectual Property Rights
Explains rationale for act in preamble
ENACTMENT BY THE PROVISIONAL WORLD PARLIAMENT
1)Creates DEPARTMENT OF WORLD PATENTS AND INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS as a ministry of the World Administration.
2) Describes functions of the DEPARTMENT OF WORLD PATENTS AND INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS:
2.1.) To categorize IPRS into generas and types as appropriate for systematic registry and regulation worldwide.
2.2.) To standardize IPRS into fair and equitable system inexpensively and easily available to all worlds citizens and businesses.
2.3.) To devise system of royalties on patents and property rights that rewards and protects innovators while simultaneously maximizing technology transfer for rapid sustainable development worldwide.
2.4.) To protect traditional cultures and indigenous peoples from intellectual piracy through unjustifiable use of patent powers.
2.5.) To work closely with Agency for Technological and Environmental Assessment and other relevant agencies to monitor genetic engineering and other possibly dangerous technologies and regulate permits for development of technologies for protection of people of Earth.
2.6.) To present Departments research and conclusions on above items to World Parliament for possible enactment into law.
Adopted as World Legislative Act Number 21 in Chennai, India
28 December 2003.
Attested by Eugenia Almand
Secretary, Provisional World Parliament
Act for Promotion of Economic Equity
within the Earth Federation
with global standards for wages and salaries
Short title: Economic Equity Act
Adopts Act for Promotion of Economic Equity through Global Living Wage with global standards for wages and salaries.
1. Requires Earth Federation to calculate gross domestic product. Defines gross economic product (GEP) of Earth Federation as sum total of productive and service activities that serve actual production of wealth within Earth Federation, excluding factors that actually detract from increased wealth.
2. Requires Earth Federation to calculate number of hours worked by all workers within Earth Federation and divide GEP by total work hours spent to produce that GEP to get average wage per hour worked. Defines this figure as Federal Wage and Price Standard.
Defines Earth Currency value to tie to Federal Wage and Price Standard so that Earth currency value does not fluctuate through speculation, inflation, or manipulation. Universally defines standards.
3. Requires annual review of maximum and minimum wage or basket of commodities.
4. Requires annual recalculation of definition of "full time work" as average hours worked per worker-week to produce the GEP minus percentage rate of unemployment within Earth Federation.
5. Sets highest legal limit of personal income, including investment income as no more than four times that of minimum wage.
6. Requires excess income to be either taxed off or delivered to business or non-profit organization.
7.Permits salary differentials only on experience, competency and merit.
8. Declares aim of living wage.
9. Defines Salary Scales for personnel of all organs, departments, bureaus, offices, commissions and agencies of Earth Federation. To begin, minimum wage is set atө0.25 per hour and maximum wage is set at ө1.00 per hour.
10. Requires maximum and minimum wage compliance in acceptance of private contractors' bids.
11. Requires Earth Federation agency promotion to persons and groups that are seeking global standards and world currency, to build network for launching new currency system.
12. Defines process for determination of World Parliament salaries within the limits of the minimum and maximum wage, and under popular electoral control by plebiscite.
Adopted 11 August 2004 at the eighth session of the Provisional World Parliament, convened at City Montessori School, Lucknow.
Attested: Eugenia Almand, Parliament Secretary
Global Accounting and Auditing Standards
using the work of the International Accounting Standards Board as the rational basis
Short Title: Account Standards Act
Commends the International Accounting Standards Board.
Adopts Global Accounting Standards for all its economic activities.
Article 1 Defines Basis for Global standards currently set by International Accounting Standards Board as standards of the Provisional World Government and World Government, to be used in all internal and external operations.
Article 2 Implementation
2.1. Requires major office of World Government to acquire and maintain a copy of International Accounting Standards in paper form or on electronic disk. Requires economic supervisory and regulatory officers of World Government to read to understand International Accounting Standards.
2.2. Requires accountants of the Provisional World Government and World Government to provide proof of certification in International Accounting Standards, or to take a competency exam to demonstrate familiarity with Standards. Assigns responsibility to World Economic Development Organization to develop and provide exam, if no standards exam is available from International Accounting Standards Board. Permits World Financial Administration or World Economic Development Organization to approve or require adjustments to certification process.
2.3. Permits World Economic Development Organization to cooperate with International Accounting Standards Board, and permits advice of the International Accounting Standards Board before taking economic decisions.
2.4. Requires corporations, institutions, groups or individuals contracting privately to Earth Federation to keep records according to Global Accounting Standards. Requires economic reports and projections to conform to Global Accounting Standards.
2.5. Requires Earth Federation to use global unit of credit in fiscal operations, rather than any particular national unit. Permits Earth Federation agencies and offices to supplementarily convert records, reports and projections to particular national unit, but not to use solely national unit as basic unit of accounting in records and computations.
2.6. Requires any corporation, institution, group or individual contracting privately to Earth Federation to keep records, and to submit records, projections or proposals using global unit of credit in fiscal operations, and permits supplementary conversion of records, reports and projections to and from particular national unit.
Article 3 Name of Unit
3.1. Amends all reference to Earth Dollar in previous world legislation of Provisional World Parliament. In place, and until name popularizes irresistibly, respective provisions of world legislation shall refer to world currency with generic designation of "unit of credit", or "unit of Earth Federation credit", or "unit of Earth currency".
3.2. Permits world citizens to call this unit of credit or currency by whatever name in colloquial, and in promotions.
3.3. Requires agencies and offices of Provisional Earth Federation to use term "unit" to refer to unit of Earth Federation credit or currency in all of recordkeeping, reports, budgets, projections, proposals and other official communications.
3.4. Defines unit of Earth credit or currency as divisible into 100 hundredths. Defines unit of Earth credit or currency as also divisible into 1000 thousandths. Permits names for divisions to be determined later by Provisional World Parliament or World Parliament.
Article 4 Symbol of Unit
Assigns the symbol designation of units of Earth Federation credit as lower case theta (ө). Explains rationale for symbol ө.
Article 5 Promotion of the Global Accounting Standards
Directs offices and agencies of provisional world government to take proactive stance to promote of Global Accounting Standards, together with International Accounting Standards of International Accounting Standards Board. Explains rationale. Requires offices and agencies of the provisional World Government to consider advice and directives of International Accounting Standards in financial operations.
Article 6 Sovereignty over the International Accounting Standards
Declares sovereignty of Earth Federation for adjustments in global standards as necessary. Defines requirements for amendment.
This act was adopted by the Seventh Session of the Provisional World Parliament, Chennai, India, December 2003.
Attested: Eugenia Almand, Parliament Secretary
Rules of Procedure and Evidence*
* Explanatory note:
The Rules of Procedure and Evidence are an instrument for the
application of the World Bench for Criminal Cases (originally the Rome
Statute of the International Criminal Court), to which they are
subordinate in all cases. In elaborating the Rules of Procedure and
Evidence, care has been taken to avoid rephrasing and, to the extent
possible, repeating the provisions of the Statute. Direct references to
the Statute have been included in the Rules, where appropriate, in order
to emphasize the relationship between the Rules and the Statute, as
provided for in article 51, in particular, paragraphs 4 and 5.
In all cases, the Rules of Procedure and Evidence should be read in conjunction with and subject to the provisions of the Statute.
The Rules of Procedure and Evidence of the International Criminal Court do not affect the procedural rules for any national court or legal system for the purpose of national proceedings.
Chapter 1. Defines general provisions
Section 4. Defines procedures in respect of
restriction and deprivation of liberty
Section 2. Defines misconduct before the Court under article 71
Section 5. Requires cooperation under article 98
Adopted as World Legislative Act 24
Seventh Session Provisional World Parliament
Attested Eugenia Almand, Secretary
Standards of Preservation of World Government Records
Short Title: Records Act
Creates standards of care for records of Provisional World Government and world government.
1. Defines World Government Records.
2. Defines stewarding agency.
3. Permits assignment of original records to stewarding agencies, with power to require original copies delivered to Earth Federation agencies at cost.
4. Permits conditional private retention of documents, if documents are made available for viewing and copy on demand.
5. Permits stewarding agency original world government records conditionally available to public.
6. Prohibits removal of original world government records from secured stewarding agency facilities (unauthorized misappropriation, theft or transfer of world federal property Class 3 felony).
7. Requires brick, masonry or non-flammable storage facilities. Requires facility location not likely to be subject to flood.
8. Requires fireproof filing cabinets, if records can fit therein without additional folding.
9. Requires stewarding agency to monitor and maintain humidity and lighting conditions for best preservation.
10. Requires stewarding agency to keep the records securely, using locking systems and security personnel, either in-house or contracted privately.
11. Requires stewarding agency to preserve each record. If particular record seems worthless, stewarding agency may notify the Institute on Governmental Procedures and World Problems. Prohibits stewarding agency from destruction of any record, or part of any record, unless Institute on Governmental Procedures and World Problems determines that record is not valuable testimony.
11.1 Prohibits unauthorized intentional destruction of world government record (class 4 felony).
11.2 Prohibits unintentional destruction of world government records (class 2 misdemeanour).
11.3. Permits stewarding agency curation of records, but not alter nor obscure informational content of records. Permits World Court to judge altering or obscuring of world government records as unintentional or unauthorized intentional destruction.
12. Requires retention of envelopes and stamps to be safeguarded together and intact with important paper letters .
13. Directs Secretariat use of acid-free paper for new records of the secretariat of the Provisional World Parliament, World Parliament, World Constituent Assembly or Founding Ratification Convention. Directs Secretariat to record video and audio proceedings.
14. Requires stewarding agency to make electronic back-ups of electronic media. Requires stewarding agency to protect electronic records from magnetic and digital viral damage.
15. Permits stewarding agencies to request financial assistance from the Provisional World Parliament or World Government for meeting care standards of care for world government records. Assigns to stewarding agencies responsibility to comply with the standards.
16. Permits Institute on Governmental Procedures and World Problems to directly enforce act. Permits Institute on Governmental Procedures and World Problems to make spot inspections of stewarding agency facilities. Permits Institute on Governmental Procedures and World Problems to seek further enforcement through World Courts and World Enforcement System.
17. Assigns order of enforcement toward particular stewarding agencies to discretion of Institute on Governmental Procedures and World Problems, subject to Provisional World Parliament and World Parliament.
18. Requires Institute on Governmental Procedures and World Problems to meet preservation standards for records, if stewarding agency assigns or forfeits stewardship.
19. Permits Institute on Governmental Procedures and World Problems may give stewarding agency 30 days to comply in cases of non-compliance.
20. Permits Office of World Attorneys General to issue search and seizure warrants in case of stewarding agency non-compliance. Permits Office of World Attorneys General to bring charges, if stewarding agency does not demonstrate compliance within 30-day period. Permits immediate charges in cases of wilful neglect.
21. Due to critical importance of this Act, this world legislation is effective immediately.
The Records Act was adopted as World Legislative Act Number 25, at the Sixth Session of the Provisional World Parliament, meeting March 2003, in Bangkok, Thailand.
Attested: Eugenia Almand, Parliament Secretary
Education within the Earth Federation
Short title: Education Act
Recognizes need for public education;
Recognizes rights to education;
Recognizes deficiency of education in world, and global education crisis;
Recognizes the need for immediate serious measures to create a quality world educational system to create universal prosperity, save the planetary environment, eradicate poverty, and activate world democracy.
Adopts this Act for Global Education.
1. Requires Earth Federation to develop schools, training of teachers, and integration of all children into educational process (whether in public or private schools) as basic priority of government.
Permits Provisional World Parliament to determine educational aid necessary to fulfill Earth Constitution. Article 13 mandate
Requires report, by 60 days before the next session of Provisional World Parliament,. from operating agencies of the Integrative Complex to Steering Committee for Provisional World Parliament, including recommended world education budget in terms of Earth credits or Earth currency. Permits budgets to project for five year period.
2.1.1. Requires budget to include proposed subventions to selected public and private schools and educational institutes that have ratified Earth Constitution; Names the Association Internationale pour l'Ιcole de Promotion Collective, the Institute for Economic Democracy, and City Montessori School, Lucknow.
2.1.2. Requires budget to include integrating provisions for allocation to agencies of Provisional World Government that have received enabling legislation regarding educational functions from Provisional World Parliament, including provisions for following agencies:
126.96.36.199. Institute On World Problems;
188.8.131.52. Graduate School of World Problems;
184.108.40.206. Institute of Mundialist Studies;
220.127.116.11 Any other educational institution cited under Article 6 of World Legislative Act #4 of World University System (World Legislative Act #4);
18.104.22.168. Global Rescue Teams (World Legislative Act #6);
22.214.171.124. Education program of World Hydrogen Energy System Authority (World Legislative Act #10);
126.96.36.199. Training programs of Conflict Resolution Department of Enforcement System (World Legislative Act #14);
188.8.131.52. Training programs of Arrest & Apprehension Department of Enforcement System (World Legislative Act #14);
184.108.40.206. Education Ministry (this World Legislative Act #26).
2.1.3. Requires budget to include proposed allocations to United Nations educational agencies, with proviso that United Nations agency must ratify Earth Constitution to qualify for allocation. Names included United Nations agencies that qualify for educational allocation upon ratification of Earth Constitution, to continue the process of United Nations integration required under Article 17 of the Earth Constitution :
220.127.116.11. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
18.104.22.168. United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
22.214.171.124. United Nations Childrens Fund (UNICEF)
126.96.36.199. United Nations University (UNU)
188.8.131.52. International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women (INSTRAW)
184.108.40.206. United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR)
220.127.116.11. United Nations University for Peace (UPAZ)
2.1.4. Recommends Integrative Complex agencies to request budget proposals from eligible or prospectively eligible educational institutions, within sixty days of next session of Provisional World Parliament.
Requires Earth Financial Credit Corporation (EFCC) to give substantial lines of credit to both existing public and private schools worldwide, to meet additional needs perceived by respective school systems and by credit determining process of EFCC. Requires EFCC to consider legislatively mandated conditions for extension of credit.
2.3. Requires conditional distribution of allocated World Treasury subventions and distribution of Earth Financial Credit Corporation loans. Requires next session of Provisional World Parliament to set provisional educational standards, to expedite allocations and loans.
2.4. Requires recipient public and private schools to submit and implement plan to integrate the following requirements into their educational agendas:
2.4.1. Requires Teachers and administrators to study pedagogies of human development, self-realization, and empowerment, pass examinations in these areas as determined by local and regional school boards. Defines and gives examples of appropriate pedagogies, including Montessori process of education, Reardon and others.
18.104.22.168.) Requires Earth Federation public schools and institutes to study global issues. Schools shall integrate global issues study within academic subjects.
22.214.171.124.) Requires Earth Federation public schools, institutes and sudents to study Constitution for the Federation of Earth,
126.96.36.199.) Encourages Earth Federation public schools and institutes to develop quality of life index.
188.8.131.52.) Requires Earth Federation public schools and institutes to study requirements for world peace.
184.108.40.206.) Requires Earth Federation public schools and institutes to develop unity in diversity index.
220.127.116.11.) Requires Earth Federation public schools and institutes to develop good government index. Requires public education to encourage students of all ages to reflect on what constitutes good and bad government.
Encourages open-ended pedagogies.3. Ministry and Administration. Directs reconfirmation or re-election of Provisional Education Minister or Education Commission Chairperson to nominate Provisional Senior Administrator and begin implementation. Directs Education Ministry to employ staff, and allows five year budget plan.
4. Advisory Council. Allows interlock of Earth Federation Educational Advisory Councils.
Permits Education Ministry headquarters Permits Education Minister and Senior Administrator to determine own residency.
Education Act, adopted as amended by Provisional World Parliament, 12 August 2004.
Attested: Eugenia Almand, Parliament Secretary.
Statute on the Rights of the Child
Adopts this Statute on the Rights of the Child
Article 1. Defines "child". Defines "custodian". Assigns custodian accountability to Statute.
Article 2. Assigns custodian responsibility.
Article 3. Proclaims best interests of child as primary consideration
Article 4. Directs custodians to undertake all appropriate legislative, administrative and other measures for the protection and implementation of recognized rights
Article 5. Directs custodians to respect the responsibilities, rights and duties of parents or, where applicable, the members of the extended family.
Article 6. Proclaims every child to have inherent right to life. Directs custodians to ensure child survival and development.
Article 7. Requires primary custodian to register birth and to name child.
Article 8. Protects child identity.
Article 9. Requires custodians to keep child with family, unless competent authorities determine this to be against child interest. Requires custodians to notify family if separation occurs.
Article 10. Recognizes right to family reunification and child right to change residence anywhere in world.
Article 11. Prohibits illicit transfer and non-return of children abroad. Criminalizes child slavery (class 5 felony) and child prostitution (consummated, class 7 felony).
Article 12. Guarantees freedom of expression and freedom to hearing.
Article 13. Defines further child freedom of expression.
Article 14. Guarantees child right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion.
Article 15. Guarantees child right to freedom of association and to freedom of peaceful assembly.
Article 16. Protects child privacy.
Article 17. Encourages wholesome media worldwide.
Article 18. Recognizes responsibility of both parents. Requires world federal assistance, if necessary.
Article 19. Directs Earth Federation and States Parties to provide child protection.
Article 20. Entitles child to special protection and assistance provided by Earth Federation or child's national state. Permits foster care, kafalah or adoption.
Article 21. Requires permit of competent placement authority if special protection and assistance is necessary.
Article 22. Protects refugee child or internationally lost child.
Article 23. Protects mentally or physically disabled child.
Article 24. Recognizes child right to health care, preventative care, and also pre-natal and post-natal health care for mothers.
Article 25. Recognizes right to periodic review of treatment.
Article 26. Recognizes child right to regulated social security benefits.
Article 27. Recognizes right to adequate living standard.
Article 28. Recognizes right to education. Requires at least minimum standards in education. Includes supportive provisions for both public and private schools, to include home schooling programs.
Article 29. Defines principles of basic education standards.
Article 30. Protects child's maintenance of own culture, religion, and language.
Article 31. Recognizes child right to rest and leisure. participation in child's cultural and artistic life, and recreational activity.
Article 32. Recognizes right of protection from economic exploitation.
Article 33. Prohibits administering or supplying narcotic drug or psychotropic substance to child (class 4 felony). Prohibits use of children in production and trafficking of illicit substances. (class 3 felony).
Article 34. Directs Earth Federation and States Parties to take measures to prevent sexual abuse. Prohibits coercion, inducement or exploitative use of children in prostitution or other unlawful sexual practices (class 7 felony). Prohibits child pornography (class 6 felony).
Article 35. Prohibits abduction of, sale of or traffic in children (class 4 felony).
Article 36. Directs Earth Federation and States Parties to otherwise protect child.
Article 37. Recognizes prohibitions of penal code as applicable to children. Prohibits child torture (class 7 felony). Prohibits cruel, inhumane or degrading treatment or punishment (class 5 felony). Prohibits genital mutilation. Prohibits capital punishment and life imprisonment without possibility of release (execution: class 7 felony). Requires conformity to law in child arrest, detention or imprisonment. Directs Earth Federation and States Parties to separate incarcerated children from incarcerated adults. Guarantees right to prompt legal assistance.
Article 38. Guarantees rights in case of armed conflicts. Sets recruitment age limits for the transitional national militaries and for the Enforcement System. Prohibits conscription (resulting in child death or permanent injury - class 4 felony; no permanent injury class 3 felony).
Article 39. Requires measures for recovery and reintegration.
Article 40. Recognizes child legal rights if alleged as, accused of, or recognized as having infringed penal law.
Article 41. Recognizes jurisdiction of respective most conducive legal provision.
Article 42. This Statute recognizes the right of children and right of future generations of children, to inherit a safe and healthy ecology.
(Editor's Note: Original Articles 42 through 45 have been re-numbered Articles 43 through 46, to accommodate the addition of new Article 42. Old Articles 46 through 48 were stricken as unconstitutional. Hence the change of enumeration from the original statute in following articles.)
Article 43. Proclaims undertaking to disseminate Statute to adults and children worldwide.
Article 44. Recognizes Committee on the Rights of the Child. Defines Committee formation.
Article 45. Defines Committee work and report timetables.
Article 46. Defines and permits Committee function. Integrates Committee between United Nations and Earth Federation agencies.
(Strikes original Article 46 from the Statute, as unconstitutional).
Article 47. (Strikes original Article 47 from the Statute, as unconstitutional).
Article 48. (Strikes original Article 48 from the Statute, as unconstitutional).
Article 49. Declares Statute as reconstitution, integration and adoption of the Convention on the Rights of the Child.
Article 50. Defines amendment process.
Article 51. (Strikes Article 51 from the Statute, as unconstitutional).
Article 52. (Strikes Article 52 from the Statute, as unconstitutional).
Article 53. Assigns World Problems Institute as repository.
Article 54. Directs World Problems Institute to translate.
Adopted as World Legislative Act Number 27
Eighth Session Provisional World Parliament, August 2004
Attested Eugenia Almand, Parliament Secretary
World Bench for Juvenile Cases
Part 1. Establishment of the Court
Article 1. Establishes a World Bench for Juvenile Cases (Juvenile Court). as a permanent institution with the power to exercise jurisdiction over persons for most serious crimes of world concern. Complements national juvenile criminal jurisdictions. Supplements other benches of the World Court System. Governs jurisdiction and functioning of Juvenile Court. Lists purposes of the Juvenile Bench.
Article 2. Designates first Seat of the Juvenile Bench to be in or near Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, INDIA. Directs provisional world government to establish another Seat of Juvenile Bench in or near Kinshasa, Congo, as soon as feasible.
Juvenile Bench may sit elsewhere, upon decision of Juvenile Bench.
Article 3. Legal status and Powers of the Juvenile Bench
Assigns Juvenile Bench global legal personality. Assigns Juvenile Bench legal capacity for exercise of Juvenile Bench functions and fulfilment of Juvenile Bench purposes. Permits Court to exercise functions and powers anywhere on Earth.
Part 2. Jurisdiction, Admissibility and Applicable Law
Article 4. Crimes within the Jurisdiction of the Court
Limits jurisdiction of the Juvenile Court to cases involving juveniles:
4.1. Cases that address serious crimes of concern to world community, in which defendant is juvenile, or was juvenile at time of commission of alleged crime. Assigns Court jurisdiction with respect to following crimes:
4.1.1. Crime of genocide;
4.1.2. Crimes against humanity;
4.1.3. War crimes;
4.1.4. Crime of aggression;
4.1.5. Environmental crimes;
4.1.6. World federal corruption;
4.1.7. Interference in world government.
4.2. & 4.3.. Determines jurisdiction.
Article 5. Recognizes Elements of Crimes in effect for Juvenile Bench. Declares crimes described in World Legislative Act #19 for a Criminal Code Penalty Classification (Penal code) as also crimes for juveniles. Declares adult penal code sentencing parameters not in effect for children. Directs the World Judicial Commission to draft provisions for a juvenile penal code. Directs Provisional World Parliament to nominate Juvenile Advisory Committee, composed of juvenile members, to give recommendations to World Judicial Commission.
Article 6. Jurisdiction ratione temporis
Declares jurisdiction only with respect to crimes committed after entry into force of respective world statutes. Declares entry into force upon adoption by Provisional World Parliament.
Article 7. Describes Preconditions and exercise of jurisdiction
Article 8. Establishes office of Juvenile Case Prosecutor Prosecutor within the Office of World Attorneys General.
Article 9. Declares Admissibility same as for respective adult benches, whether case is civil or criminal.
Article 10. Declares Challenges same as for adult cases. WLA#20, Article 19 WBCC)
Article 11. Declares Ne bis in idem same as for adult cases (Same as WLA#20, Article 20 WBCC)
Article 12. Declares Applicable Law same as for adult cases, except age is determining factor.
Part 3. General Principles of Juvenile Law
Article 13. Declares Nullem crimen sine lege also applicable for Juvenile Bench.
Article 14. Declares Nulla poena sine lege also applicable for Juvenile Bench.
Article 15. Declares non-retroactivity ratione personae also applicable for Juvenile Bench.
(Same as WLA#20, Article 24 WBCC)
Article 16. Limits jurisdiction of Juvenile Bench to cases where juvenile has reached at least the age of 14 at the time alleged crime is committed. Permits prosecution of adult by Juvenile Bench, if accused adult was juvenile at time of alleged crime.
Article 17. Declares Mental element same as for adult cases. (Same as WLA#20, Article 30 WBCC)
Article 18. Grounds for excluding criminal responsibility (Same as WLA#31, Article 30 WBCC), except that in cases where commission of crime takes place before defendant's 14th birthday, in which case, criminal responsibility is excluded. Juvenile Bench may determine conditions for treatment or care of juveniles for whom age excludes criminal responsibility. However, Juvenile Court must not subject underage juveniles to trial, nor juveniles or adults who were underage at time of commission of crime.
Article 19. Declares Mistake of fact or mistake of law same as for adult cases.(Same as WLA#20, Article 32 WBCC)
Part 4. Composition and Administration of the Court
Article 20. Defines Organs of the Court
Article 21. Defines Service of Judges
Article 22. Defines qualifications, nomination and election of judges.
Article 23. Directs Presiding Council of World Judges to fill juvenile judicial vacancies giving preference to Judges with expertise in Juvenile Law or with significant juvenile case experience.
Article 24. Defines Chambers (Same as WLA#20, Article 39, WBCC)
Article 25. Declares Independence of Judges (Same as WLA#20, Article 40., WBCC)
Article 26. Defines regulations for excusing and disqualification of judges (Same as WLA#20, Article 41, WBCC)
Article 27. Defines Office of the Prosecutor (Same as WLA#20, Article 42, WBCC)
Article 28. Defines Registry (Same as WLA#20, Article 43 WBCC)
Article 29. Defines Staff (Same as WLA#20, Article 44 WBCC)
Article 30. Defines Solemn undertaking (Same as WLA#20, Article 45 WBCC)
Article 31. Defines removal from office (Same as WLA#20, Article 46 WBCC)
Article 32. Sets disciplinary measures(Same as WLA#20, Article 47, WBCC)
Article 33. Declares Privileges and Immunities (Same as WLA#20, Article 48, WBCC)
Article 34. Defines salaries, allowances and expenses (Same as WLA#20, Article 49, WBCC) Salaries, allowances and expenses of Juvenile Court are same as for other benches of World Court System.
Article 35. Declares official and working languages (Same as WLA#20, Article 50, WBCC)
Article 36. Defines Rules of Procedure and Evidence same as WLA#20, Article 51, WBCC, except that Juvenile Court shall give due consideration to best interest of child under all circumstances. Juvenile Court must provide arrangements for regular attendance of immediate family members of defendant, or of defendant's customary custodian, unless Court, under advice of competent authorities, determines that family member's presence would be detrimental to well being of juvenile defendant. In case of working parents whose employers do not wish parent to attend, Court may decide, if necessary, to subpoena parents. Juvenile Court may order employer to allow leave for parents, if that is in best interest of defendant.. However, Juvenile Court must pay employer costs if employer is ordered to allow parental leave. Court may pay costs for parents or closest significant others to attend. If juvenile is found guilty, juvenile may be required to eventually pay restitution for costs incurred.
Juvenile Court must additionally pay close attention to the defendant's state of mind during trial. If juvenile requires rest, Court must recess for rest.
Juvenile Court must allow adequate time during course of day for defendant to receive adequate educational services. Direct instructional time may be up to four hours per day, four days per week. The Juvenile Court must provide qualified educational staff for defendant. Teacher student ratio in Juvenile Court system learning room is no more than six students per teacher. This Act recommends stronger teacher student ratio, such as two students per teacher, or four students per teacher. As feasible and appropriate for teaching in different subject areas, students may have multiple teachers in Juvenile Court System.
Article 37. Regulations of Court (Same as WLA#20, Article 52 WBCC), except that Juvenile Court may adopt additional regulations to adapt specifically to needs of juveniles.
Part 5. Investigation and Prosecution
Article 38.Recommends procedure for Investigation and Prosecution to be based on the procedures defined for adult cases, but tempered for juvenile defendants. Encourages recommendations from the Judicial Commission for following matters:
Duties and powers of the Prosecutor;
Rights of persons during an investigation;
Role of Pre-Trial Chamber;
Pre-Trial Chamber functions and powers;
Issuance by the Pre-Trial Chamber of a warrant of arrest or a summons to appear;
Arrest proceedings in the custodial state;
Confirmation of charges before trial;
Sanctions for misconduct before the Court.
Part 6. Trial
Permits participation of juveniles in juvenile juries and Juvenile Court. Encourages juveniles to take active and orderly part in Juvenile Court process. However, prosecutor and presiding judges must meet qualifications as defined in Earth Constitution.
Part 7 Sentencing
Defines process for proposing applicable penalties, to be submitting to upcoming session of Provisional World Parliament.
Declares Non-Prejudice to national penalties and national laws, but only within limits of the Statute on the Rights of the Child.
Establishes Trust Fund for benefit of victims of crimes within jurisdiction of Juvenile Court, and of families of victims.
Permits Court to order money and other property collected through fines or forfeiture to be transferred, by order of Juvenile Court, to Trust Fund.
Permits Assembly of States Parties to submit a proposal to the World Parliament for consideration.
Part 8.Provides for Appeal and Revision
Part 9.Provides for International Cooperation and Judicial Assistance
Part 10.Permits Judicial Commission to elaborate Enforcement procedures in conformance with the Statute on the Rights of the Child and other world law.
Part 11.Permits Civil Cases involving juveniles to be handled by the Juvenile Bench: Cases of family custody;
Cases of custodial dispute involving public agencies;
Other civil cases involving juveniles
Part 12. Financing
Recognizes need to support families of juveniles and the need for juvenile residential facilities.
Part 13. Final clauses
Permits format of Juvenile Code legislation to be presented in three forms, until second operational stage of world government begins, as defined in Earth Constitution:
1. Legislative Summary;
2. Short form, with reference to World Legislative Act #20 (Criminal Court) in redundant articles and provisions.
3. Long form, including all redundant provisions from World Legislative Act #20 (Criminal Court).
As soon as feasible after Second Operational Stage of world government begins, or during First Operational Stage, World Parliament may reformulate legislation for integration without redundancy, together with World Legislative Acts #5, #15, #20, and other world legislation relating to World Judiciary.
Directs World Judicial Commission to examine and recommend improvements to Statute.
Establishes Addendum with two lists and table of correlations of Criminal Bench to Juvenile Bench:
1. Provisions of World Bench for Criminal Cases that are operative or substantially similar for Juvenile Court;
2. Provisions of World Bench for Criminal Cases that are not operative, or that are substantially different for Juvenile Court:
3. Table of corresponding differences between Criminal Court and Juvenile Court Statutes,
by Article numbers or parts.
Adopted as World Legislative Act Number 28
Eighth Session Provisional World Parliament, August 2004
Attested Eugenia Almand, Parliament Secretary
To inaugurate enabling legislation for the World Boundaries and Elections Administration, including provisions for a Global Peoples Assembly
Short title: Elections Act
The Provisional World Parliament adopts this Act to inaugurate the World Boundaries and Elections Administration (WBEA), including provisions for a Global Peoples Assembly.
1. Assigns basic administrative structure of World Boundaries and Elections Administration, as per Article 8, Section C. of the Earth Constitution
2. Defines administrative functions of World Boundaries and Elections Administration in conformance with Article 8, Section C. of the Earth Constitution:
2.1. Defines World Boundaries;
2.2. Assign Administration to make periodic adjustments;
2.3. define detailed procedures for nomination and election of Members of the World Parliament to House of Peoples and to House of Counsellors;
2.4. Conducts; Parliamentary candidate elections
2.5. Prepare Voters' Information Booklets;
2.6. To define rules for world political parties and political representation, subject to approval by World Parliament, and subject to review and recommendations of World Ombudsmus.
2.7. To define detailed procedures for legislative initiative and referendum by Citizens of Earth, and to conduct voting on supra-national or global initiatives and referendums in conjunction with world parliamentary elections.
2.8. To conduct plebiscites when requested by other Organs of World Government, and to make recommendations for settlement of boundary disputes.
Further defines administrative functions :
2.10. To create and maintain world electoral registry, to manage electoral process.
2.11. To directly stimulate and promote popular participation in world government affairs on worldwide basis. In particular, to support Global Peoples Assembly (GPA), to include peoples committees and peoples councils on wide variety of different issues. Permits Global Peoples Assembly to include all citizens of Earth who express desire to participate in Assembly in conformance with world law.
2.12. To eventually construct and maintain dedicated facilities for the Global Peoples Assembly (GPA) in every Administrative District on Earth, with facilities of ample capacity for all world citizens projected to participate.
2.13. To directly stimulate and promote diverse range of approaches to world decision making processes, to include Internet, radio, television, and other technology decision making systems in overall decision processes.
3. Sets Boundaries; adopts the Newcombe Proposal for World Districts and Regions, with adjustments as necessary to bring plan up to date and within constitutional limits. Recommends immediately review of districting plan, particularly if districting is not brought fully within constitutional limits by first operative stage of world government. (The Newcombe Proposal is presented as legislative addendum.)
4. Establishes Voter Registry.
5. Defines process for nomination and election of World Parliament Members;
Requires solemn undertaking from World candidates;
6. Enables conducting of world elections
Authorizes World Boundaries and Elections Commission to allocate funds.
7. Voter Information Office
Establishes Voter Information Office
8. Requires political parties to ratify Earth Constitution to participate in world elections
9. Establishes campaign limits
10. Defines world legislative initiatives and process
11. Defines world legislative referendum and process
12. Defines world plebiscites and process
13. Permits census process.
14. Establishes Global Peoples Assembly (GPA)
as global para-governmental agency and process, comprising both non-governmental and governmental functions, emerging to improve democratic process at global level, encouraging popular participation in making world citizen decisions.
14.1 Defines Functions of Global Peoples Assembly, its subsidiary and partner organizations;
14.1.1. to endorse, promote or reject endorsement of candidates to House of Peoples and to House of Nations;
14.1.2. to recommend that World Parliament deliberate specified issues or subjects of legislation;
14.1.3. to generate necessary world citizens Initiatives and Plebiscites for election by People of Earth in measured world elections conducted by World Boundaries and Elections Administration, if the Global Peoples Assembly does not perceive recommendations to be adequate;
14.1.4. to discuss pending decisions and past decisions of the World Parliament;
14.1.5. to discuss pending decisions and past decision of the People via world initiatives, world referendums and world plebiscites;
14.1.6. to form citizens commissions to investigate electoral procedures, systems or subsystems that may have been subverted by faulty or fraudulent electronic count or other means, or the secrecy of which may have been compromised. (Individuals' vote is secret, but not actual counting of votes, which is public function.); and
14.1.7. to discuss and review its own functioning, making corrections as necessary to ensure broad popular participation in new world political process.
14.2 Defines Membership and Partner Organizations
14.2.1. Defines Participating members.
14.2.2. Defines Contributing members.
14.2.3. Defines GPA Partner Organizations.
14.3. Defines Delegates Council.
14.3.1. Defines GPA initial arrangements
14.3.2. Defines Liaisons and Delegates
Defines procedure to determine numbers of delegates.if facility space is short. This Act encourages broad participation in Global Peoples Assembly. This Act recommends Credentials Committee to find additional adjacent space and electronically link assembly, if feasible.
18.104.22.168. PermitsAssemblies or organizations to designate participating members as liaisons to other assemblies and organizations.
22.214.171.124. Limits partner delegates to constitute less than 50% of all GPA delegates.
126.96.36.199. Subject to availability of resources, GPAM may subsidize travel and other expenses for delegates who request financial aid, according to need and past or potential level of participation.
14.3.3. Voting Delegates Council and other groups of the Global Peoples Assembly will seek consensus, with 2/3 of those present required for decisions on resolutions, initiatives, policy, Charter and Bylaws. Consensus and electoral decisions take effect immediately, but if ratification vote fails at future GPAM Plenary, the respective assembly must revoke or change decision as advised. By simple majority vote, Delegates, liaisons or partner members may submit proposed decisions, along with pro and con statements, to participating members for advisory vote. Other contested decisions, including elections and procedural decisions, are by majority vote.
Declares Robert's Rules of Order Newly Revised, latest edition as basic manual for procedure of the Global Peoples Assembly and Delegates Council, unless Delegates Council or Global Peoples Assembly decides otherwise;
14.3.4. Meetings Delegates Council shall meet at GPAs, and shall strive to meet in person at least annually and electronically at least quarterly. For voting purposes, a quorum is 25% of all delegates.
14.3.5 Defines structure of Delegates Council to include President, Vice-President, Secretary, and Treasurer, who serve for up to two terms of two years each. The Delegates Council may create other leadership positions and groups as needed, with duties and terms of office.
14.3.6. Requires Delegates Council to form Credentials Committee to compile list of qualified assemblies and partner organizations and to maintain database of participating members and of current delegates, and alternates. Requires committee to also solicit potential assemblies and partner organizations and issue qualification guidelines with approval of Delegates Council. Requires Credentials Committee to determine activity of participating members for quorum purposes.
Requires Credentials Committee to form a list of recommended candidates to serve in elections to House of Peoples and to Hour of Counsellors in general world government elections. Permits Credentials Committee to elaborate commentary on World Parliament candidates coming from World Districts and Regional Assemblies.
Permits candidate for World Parliament to run for office without endorsement from Credentials Committee of Global Peoples Assembly, if all qualifications are met, as defined in Earth Constitution.
14.3.7. Defines Internal Initiatives.
14.4. Defines GPAM Plenary Sessions
14.4.1. Sets simple majority to vote on policy.
14.4.2. Defines Voting for Candidates and Borda Count.
14.4. 3. Other Procedure. Procedural issues not addressed in Bylaws will be governed by Robert's Rules of Order Newly Revised, latest edition.
14.5. Defines Financial Arrangements
14.5.1 Permits fiscal agents.
15. Declares intention to eventually provide dedicated facilities for Global Peoples Assemblies
16. Promotes development of Internet programs and projects to create better and stronger world democratic process.
17. Authorizes Agency for Research and Planning to assign public radio and television frequencies for each District, Region and other jurisdictional levels of Earth Federation, to include dedicated frequencies for broadcast of each District, Region and other jurisdictional level of Global Peoples Assembly.
18. Allows Low Technology systems to supplement
19. Children's Participation
Directs budgetary allocations for youth participation and parliamentary training in annual budget of the WBEA.
20. Incorporates Syntegrity Project for advisory function
21. AssignsWorld Boundaries and Elections Commission to prepare annual Budget.
22. Requires World Boundaries and Elections Administration annual report to World Parliament and to Presidium.
23. Claims to further provisions
The Elections Act was adopted by the
Eighth Session of the Provisional World Parliament
convened in conformance with the
Constitution for the Federation of Earth on 12 August 2004, at City Montessori School, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Attested: Eugenia Almand, Secretary
Provisional World Parliament
more information: www.wcpa.biz www.worldproblems.net
Draws directly from Water Act Water Act of the World Youth Parliament for Water, meeting at the Assemblιe Nationale, Quebec, 22nd November 2002.
Conforms with the call of the World Youth
Parliament, for parliaments of the world to deliberate and adopt the
Recognizes 5 Principles related to water:
Water is part of the world heritage.
Water, like air, is part of the public domain.
Easy access to potable water and sanitation is a human right. Clean water is a fundamental right of all living beings.
No one should waste or pollute water
Water is a limited natural resources that is fundamental to life in all its forms and essential to the health and prosperity of all peoples and to political stability in the world: if must not be considered as merchandise in its natural state unless it is transported.
Requires the World Parliament and national parliaments, in conformance with World Law, to enact legislation to ensure that the use of water resources procures to all human beings.
33 measures related to water use and water regulation to be elaborated in upcoming world legislation.
Requiresnomination of a Water Commission of 10 members; to manage and attempt to solve water problems. Requires Water Commission or Ministry to coordinate with the Global Ministry on Environment, and other agencies of the Earth Federation. Expects the Water Ministry to be responsive to citizen committees addressing water problems.
Requires World Parliament to entrust appropriate agencies collecting, producing and disseminating most rigorous and accurate information pertaining to easy access to water from standpoint of individual and collective needs; and water supply, use, conservation, protection and sustainable fair management of water resources for measures that relate to protection of water as world heritage.
Commends the World Parliament of Youth for their caring and foresight to initiate the Water Act to protect the Earth and our humanity.
Adopted as World Legislative Act Number 30
Eighth Session of the Provisional World Parliament
Lucknow, India, August, 2004
Attested: Eugenia Almand, Parliament Secretary