Police and Society Study Text Study Guide
Chapter 2: The Development of American Police: An
Chapter 4: Law Enforcement Training: Changes and
- Explain the 3 training challenges to law enforcement.
- Explain the 4 elements to successful training under the "new academy
- Explain the new challenges in training (under "Training Challenges
- What is meant by "authority-relations?" Provide an example.
- What are the 3 "salient" themes to COPS? Provide an example of each.
Chapter 5: Police Discretionary Behavior: A Study of
- What are the problems of full enforcement?
- What are the pros and cons to police discretion?
- Distinguish between individual and administrative discretion.
- What are the organizational, neighborhood and situational variables
associated with discretion? Highlight the relationships between the variables
discussed. (ex. Race and discretion)
- What other variables may contribute to police discretion?
Chapter 7: Police Response to Persons with Mental
- Highlight the 4 police interventions with citizens and the mentally ill.
- What 3 choices do police have in dealing with the mentally ill?
- What are the 3 models that can be used for police training in response to
the mentally ill?
- What are the 7 policy implications?
- What are the do's and don'ts when confronting the mentally ill?
Chapter 8: How Police Supervisory Styles Influence Patrol
- Explain the 4 supervisory styles identified by the NIJ's research.
- How do those styles influence patrol officer behavior?
- What are the implications for departmental policy and practice?
Chapter 9: Traditional and Innovative Police Responses to
- Why do police officers dislike domestic disputes/
- Why donít police like to make arrests for domestic disputes?
- What factors influence an officerís decision to arrest in domestic
- What is the Minneapolis study? What have replication studies revealed?
- Profile the batterer of domestic disputes.
- What are the unanticipated consequences against victims? Agencies? Discuss
Chapter 10: Information Technology Innovations in
- What is the 311 system?
- Explain the CAD system.
- What are the 3 primary functions of crime analysis?
- Explain how crime mapping works.
- How are computers used in the field?
- How has information technology influenced management/accountability and
- What challenges lie ahead for law enforcement in reference to technology?
Chapter 11: Introduction to Early Intervention Systems
- What is meant by the early intervention system?
- How does EI work?
- How does early intervention differ from early warning systems?
- What are the goals and impacts of EI systems in regards to the individual
officer, supervisors and the department?
- Explain the SARA process.
- What are the advantages of the EI system? Provide examples.
Chapter 12: Compstat: An Analysis of the Emerging
Police Managerial Paradigm
- What is Compstat?
- What is the paradigm shift as explained by the author?
- Briefly explain how decentralization affects community oriented policing.
- What are the 4 levels of compstat as used by the NYPD?
- Explain the 4 principles of compstat as noted by Bratton and Knobler?
- What are the 5 basic tasks of strategic management?
- What are the many implications of compstat for policing?
Chapter 13: Geographic Information Systems:
Applications for Police
- What is GIS?
- What are the 2 benefits of GIS?
- What are the steps in data collecting?
- What is GPS?
- What is geocoding?
- What are the problem(s) with coding?
- What is layer assembly? Map formatting? Provide examples.
- What are the ethical issues involved?
- What are the pros and cons to "hot spot?"
- What is CGT? What are the 4 steps to the model? Provide an example.
Chapter 15: Addressing Police Misconduct: The Role of
- What are some of the causes of police misconduct?
- Why donít some people file a complaint?
- What are the positive and negative aspects of filing a police complaint?
- What are the 3 models that include citizens in the complaint process,
according to Kerstetter?
- Which do you believe is the best system: Internal Affairs by officers or
citizen involvement? Explain your reasoning.
Chapter 16: Ethics and Law Enforcement
- Distinguish between an ethical and moral dilemma. Provide an example of
- What are the major ethical dilemmas in policing? Cite examples.
- Distinguish between ethics and corruption.
- How may police officers resolve ethical dilemmas? Cite the pros and cons
- Outline and apply the 4 ethical systems to policing.
- What 3 questions can be asked to resolve dilemmas in policing?
Chapter 17: Law Enforcement Agency Responses to Racially
Biased Policing and the Perceptions of Its Practice
- What is meant by "racially biased policing?"
- What 3 things should executives think about when dealing with potential
problems in dealing with racially biased officers?
- Discuss the 7 variables that law enforcement executives should consider
when responding to real or perceived racially biased policing issues?
Chapter 18: An Afrocentric Perspective on Policing
Do you agree with the authorís perspective? Provide examples to support your
Chapter 19: Women Officers on the Move
- What benefit did the passage of the 1972 Amendment to the Civil Rights Act
of 1964 do for women?
- What type of agencies will most female officers be found?
- From previous studies, what were the evaluations of women police
- What major barriers do female officers encounter?
- What are the pros and cons to female officersí interaction with males?
Females? (i.e. citizens).
- Will an increase in the number of female officers assist or reduce their
- Do Black female officers experience additional stressors? Explain.
- Which style of management is most effective for female supervisors?
- Outline the Pregnancy Disability Act of 1978.
Chapter 20: Broken Windows
- What are the advantages of foot patrol?
- Describe the "Broken Window Theory." How does this relate to social
- According to the authors, where can destruction of property occur? Why?
- Who are the most and least likely victims of crime? Why?
- What are the cons to auto patrol?
- What do the authors think of "decriminalization?" Why?
- Traditionally, what are the 2 types of community involvement in order
- According to psychological studies, why donít people "get involved?"
- How should agencies allocate officers?
- According to the authors, whom should the police protect? Why?
Chapter 22: Community Policing: Elements and Effects
- Explain the 4 complicating factors of community policing.
- Highlight and give examples of the 4 major dimensions of community
- Give examples of the 3 strategic dimensions of community policing.
- What are the most important tactical elements of community policing? Cite
- What are the 5 important features of problem solving?
- What are the types of restructuring associated with community policing?
- What should management emphasize concerning culture and values? Give
- What are the implications for "Information?" Cite examples.
- What are the major findings concerning crime, fear, disorder, calls for
service, community relations, officer attitudes, and officer behavior?
Chapter 23: Problem-Oriented Policing
- What is problem-oriented policing?
- What are the 2 assumptions of POP?
- What is SARA?
- Describe the Newport News POP program.
- What 7 characteristics should a fully POP agency possess?
- How does POP differ from zero-tolerance?
Chapter 26: Police Use of Deadly Force: How Courts and Policy
Makers Have Misapplied Tennessee v. Garner
- What was the ruling in Tennessee v. Garner?
- What was the importance of Justice White's opinion?
- What are the deadly force policies?
- What was the significance of Daniels v. Terrell?
- What was the significance of Ryder v. City of Topeka?
- What was the significance of Graham v. Connner?
- What are the advantages to a restrictive deadly force policy?
- What is the CALEA requirement?
- What is the 2 part reasonableness standard?
Chapter 29: Toward an Understanding of the Physical Hazards
of Police Work
- Why are dangers in policing difficult to compare?
- What conclusion can you draw from the relative dangers of police work?
- What were the objectives of the author's study?
- What were the variables used in the study?
- Based on the study, what conclusions were drawn?