Foundations of Law Enforcement (CRJU 635)

 

NOT OFFICIAL UNTIL FIRST DAY OF CLASS – WORK IN PROGRESS

 

Semester:                   Fall 2009

Class Time:                Wednesday 5:00-8:00 PM

Location:                    Young 428

Index #:                      1332

Office:             307 Adams Street – upstairs 6B

Phone:             540-831-6657 (work) 540-831-6075 (fax)

e-mail:                         tburke@radford.edu

Homepage:                 www.radford.edu/~tburke

Office Hours:             Wednesday: 2:30-4:30 and Tuesday/Thursday 3:30-4:30

                                   

Purpose:

 

            This graduate course is designed to examine critical issues in policing.  Topics for discussion may include: the history of policing, professionalism, hiring and promotion, use of force, police stress, civil liability, review boards, police subculture, police-media relations, community policing, police discretion, police strategies, police ethics and corruption, and the future of policing.

 

Grading and Attendance:

 

            Students will be graded based upon the following criteria:

 

·        Legal briefs – 1 – 1½ pages (4th Amendment issue) + discussion (10 points)

·        Policy paper – no page limit (Using SARA) + discussion (25 points)

·        Paper – 5 pages (APA format) – Student will choose a topic during class.  Upon completion of the paper, the student will discuss his/her results (note: These papers will be presented and turned in on the same day as due.  Depending on class size, two student papers will be presented each class (about 10 minutes each). Date selection will be conducted via a random grab-bag approach. (25 points). 

·        Group oral presentation (students will lead classroom discussion on an ethical issue in policing) (25 points)

·        Reaction paper to the Choir Boys  (see below) (15 points)

·        Attendance and participation (see below)

 

Since this is a graduate course, classroom participation is required.  The student must be prepared to discuss any and all material assigned, including all reading assignments.  Any student not paying attention such as, falling asleep in class (if that is even possible in this course), working on another assignment, failing to pay attention during news briefings, videos, etc., playing with their cell phone, being ill-prepared for classroom discussion, etc., may be counted absent for that day. 

 

 

Any student missing more than one class will be deducted 10 points for each class missed (unless excused by the instructor). 

 

Tardiness will not be tolerated (2 tardies = one absence).  Tardiness is not only rude; it is extremely distracting to fellow students and the instructor.

Other important information:  If you bring a cell phone to class, please turn off the ringer (you may wish to put the phone on vibrate).  If you receive a call during class, do NOT respond to the message unless it is an emergency that the entire class should be made aware of (example - a campus emergency). Laptops and other computer/recording devices are prohibited during class use (unless it is being used during a group presentation).  This will minimize unnecessary distractions that often accompany the use of these electronic devices. You will need to take notes the old fashion way - via handwriting - sorry!

 

 

Required Readings:

 

The Police in America: Classic and Contemporary Readings by Steven Brandl & David Barlow (2004).

 

The Choir Boys by Joseph Wambaugh (1975)

 

Additional article readings (found at: http://www.radford.edu/~tburke/ReadingList.htm - see below for alternate titles, if applicable)

 

Cover Charges by Paul Chevigny

Police Officer's Lot by Albert Reiss

Learning the Ropes by John Van Maanen

The Omaha Domestic Violence Experiment by Dunford et al.

Dirty Harry Problem by Carl Klockers

The Jewish Patrolman by Arthur Niederhoffer

Patrol Work and Police Territories by Jonathan Rubenstein

Suspicion, Danger and Isolation by Jerome Skolnick

 Street Lessons by George Kirkham

The Blue Knight by Joseph Wambaugh

Cops and Bobbies by Wilbur Miller

Types and Styles of Police Organization by James Q. Wilson

Police Cynicism by Arthur Niederhoffer

 

Other articles may be assigned as needed.

 

 

TENTATIVE AGENDA:

 

September 2

 

·          Introduction and syllabus

·          News briefs

·          How to do case briefs

·          Selection of case briefs

 

·          Discussion from on-line reading:

 

Cops and Bobbies by Wilbur Miller Article (from: Miller, W. R. (Winter, 1975).  Police Authority in London and New York 1830-1870.  Journal of Social History, pp. 81-101).

 

 

September 9

 

·          News briefs

·          Selection of groups for final project

·          Paper topic selection

·          Discussion for policy paper using SARA – due next class

 

 

·          Discussion from the following text book chapters:

 

1.       The Evolving Strategy of Policing (p. 5)

2.       The Evolving Strategy of Police: A Minority View (p. 26)

 

·          Discussion from on-line readings:

 

Types and Styles of Police Organization by James Q. Wilson (from: Wilson, J. Q.  (1968). Varieties of Police Behavior.  New York: Antheneus), pp. 140-148; 150-151; 172; 179-183; 200-203).

 

Police Officer’s Lot by Albert Reiss (from: Reiss, A. J. (1971).  The Police and the Public.  New Have, Conn:  Yale University Press, pp. 1-18).

 

·          Meet with group members for final project

 

 

September 16

 

·          News briefs

·          Policy paper using SARA due with classroom discussion on each paper – hand in paper for grading

·          Legal brief presentations and discussion – briefs to be handed in for grading

 

·          Discussion from the following text book chapters:

 

1.       The Functions of Police in Modern Society (p. 92)

2.       The “Causes” of Police Brutality: Theory and Evidence on Police Use of Force (p. 128)

 

·          Discussion from on-line reading:

 

Patrol Work and Police Territories by Jonathan Rubenstein (from:  Rubenstein, J. (1973).  Patrol Territories and Street Work.  City Police.  (New York: Ballantine Books, Chapter 4, pp. 129-152, 173).

 

 

·          Meet with group members for final project

 

 

 

September 23

 

·          New briefs

·          Legal brief presentations and discussion – briefs to be handed in for grading

 

·          Discussion from the following text book chapters:

 

1.       The Professional Political Model of the Good Policeman (p. 173)

2.       The Social Organization of Arrest (p. 184)).

                               

                         

·          Paper Presentations – hand in research papers

 

·          Meet with groups for final project

 

 

 

September 30

 

·          News briefs

·          Legal brief presentations and discussion – briefs to be handed in for grading

 

·          Discussion from the following text book chapters:

 

1.       The Asshole (p. 197)

2.      Administrative Interventions on Police Shooting Discretion: An Empirical Examination (p. 216)

 

·          Discussion from on-line articles:

                The Blue Knight by Joseph Wambaugh (from: Wambaugh, J. (1973).  The Blue Knight – first chapter – Boston:  Little, Brown and Co.).

 

                 Learning the Ropes by John Van Maanen (from: Van Maanen, J. (Winter, 1973).  Observations on the Making of a Policeman.  Human Organization, Vol. 32. No. 4, pp. 407-418).

 

·          Meet with groups for final project

 

 

 

 October 7

 

·          News briefs

·          Legal brief presentations and discussion – briefs to be handed in for grading

 

 

·          Discussion from the following text book chapters:

 

1.       The Kansas City Preventive Patrol Experiment: A Summary Report (p. 237)

2.      Effects of Gun Seizures on Gun Violence: “Hot Spots” Patrol in Kansas City (p. 256)

 

·          Discussion from on-line article:

 

The Omaha Domestic Violence Experiment by Dunford et al. (from: Dunford, F., Huizinga, D., & Elliott, D (1990).  The Role of Arrest in Domestic Assault: The Omaha Police Experiment.  Criminology, Vol. 28, No. 2, pp. 183-206).

 

·          Paper Presentations – hand in research papers

·          Meet with groups for final project

 

 

 

October 14


·          News briefs

·          Legal brief presentations and discussion – briefs to be handed in for grading

 

·          Discussion from the following text book chapters:

 

1 .The Criminal Investigation Process: A Summary Report (p. 275)

2. The Relationship Between Evidence, Detective Effort, and the Disposition of Burglary and Robbery Investigations (p. 300)

 

·          Discussion from on-line articles:

 

                Cover Charges by Paul Chevigny (from: Chevigny, P. (1969).  Force, Arrest and Cover Charges.     Police Power – Chapter 8.  (New York: Pantheon Books), pp. 136-

146).

 

Suspicion, Danger and Isolation by Jerome Skolnick (from: Skolnick, J. (1966).  A Sketch of the Policeman’s Working Personality.  Justice Without Trial – chapter 3). 

 

·          Meet with groups for final project

 

 

 

October 21

 

·          News briefs

·          Legal brief presentations and discussion – briefs to be handed in for grading

·          Paper Presentations – hand in research papers

 

·          Discussion from the following text book chapter:

 

Team Policing: Case Studies (p. 314)

 

 

Discussion from on-line article:

 

The Dirty Harry Problem by Carl Klockers (from:  Klockars, C. The Dirty Harry Problem.  (November, 1980).  The Annals, pp. 33-47).

 

·          Meet with group for final projects

 

 

October 28

 

·          News briefs

·          Legal brief presentations and discussion – briefs to be handed in for grading

·          Paper Presentations – hand in research papers

 

·          Discussion from the following text book chapter:

 

Improving Policing: A Problem-Oriented Approach (p. 353)

 

Discussion from on-line articles:

 

Street Lessons by George Kirkham (from: Kirkham, G. L.  (March, 1974).  A Professor’s ‘Street Lessons’”.  FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, pp. 14-22).

 

            The Jewish Patrolman by Arthur Niederhoffer

 

·          Meet with group for final projects

 

 

November 4 – no class due to conference

 

November 11

 

·          News briefs

·          Legal brief presentations and discussion – briefs to be handed in for grading

·          Paper Presentations – hand in research papers

 

·          Discussion from the following text book chapter:

 

1.       Broken Windows: The Police and Neighborhood Safety (p. 375)

 

2.     Militarizing Mayberry and Beyond: Making Sense of American Paramilitary Policing (p. 387)

 

·          Discussion from on-line article:

 

Police Cynicism by Arthur Niederhoffer

 

·          Meet with group for final projects

 

 

 

November 18

 

·          News briefs

·          Movie: Fort Apache: The Bronx

·          The Choir Boys paper due – hand in for grading

 

 

November 25 – Thanksgiving break

 

December 2

 

·          Final group project presentations

 

 

December 9 – last day of class

 

·          Final group project presentations

 

 

Radford University is committed to the highest standards of academic honesty. Acts of academic dishonesty include plagiarism, cheating, bribery, academic fraud, sabotage of research materials, the sale of academic papers, the purchase of academic papers, and the falsification of records. An individual who engages in these or related activities or who knowingly aids another who engages them, is acting in an academically dishonest manner and will be subject to disciplinary action in accordance with the bylaws and procedures of Radford University (See Student Handbook).

Each member of the academic community is expected to give full, fair, and formal credit to any and all sources that have contributed to the formulation of ideas, methods, interpretations, and findings. The absence of such formal credit is an affirmation that the work is fully the writer’s. The term "sources" includes, but is not limited to, published or unpublished materials, lectures, lecture notes, computer programs, mathematical and other symbolic formulations, course papers, examinations, theses, dissertations, and comments offered in class or informal discussions. The representation that such work of another is the writer’s represents plagiarism.

Care must be taken to document the source of any ideas or arguments. If the actual word of a source is used, it must appear within quotation marks. In cases that are unclear, the writer must take due care to avoid plagiarism.

The source should be cited whenever:

  1. A text is quoted verbatim
  2. Data gathered by another are presented in diagrams or tables/charts
  3. The results of a study conducted by another are used
  4. The work or intellectual effort of another is paraphrased by the writer.

Since the intent to deceive is not a necessary element (strict liability), careful note taking and record keeping is essential in order to avoid plagiarism. In other words, it is like being a little bit pregnant (you either are or you are not). One cannot have "accidental/unintentional" plagiarism!

Students should consult members of the faculty for clarification of the definition and substance of this policy on plagiarism as it applies to their particular discipline.

(Source: City University of New York – Proposal on Plagiarism).

STUDENT ACCOMMODATIONS

Students seeking accommodations are required to provide documentation from an appropriate health care provider or professional. The documentation must outline the functional limitations that substantially limit a major life activity. Providers are also asked to provide recommendations for reasonable accommodations based upon the disability. However, Radford University's disability services professionals ultimately decide on what accommodations are appropriate and reasonable.

Having a diagnosis is not the same as having a disability!
 

ADA Statement:

If you are seeking classroom accommodations under the Americans with Disabilities Act, you are required to register with the Disability Resource Office (DRO). The DRO is located in Tyler Hall, Room 64; telephone number 831-6350; email address dro@radford.edu. To receive academic accommodations for this class, please obtain the proper DRO forms and meet with me no later than the second week of class during the regular semester session (or the second day of the class during the summer session.

 

Writing/Reading Help:
 

The Learning Assistance and Resource Center (LARC), located in 126 Walker Hall, is open to all students Monday through Friday from 9 a.m. until 5 p.m.  Certified, trained tutors provide help with basic study skills, writing, reading, and content-specific material.  An appointment is necessary and can be made by stopping by Walker 126, calling 831-7704, or IMing “rularcappt”.