Each province is characterized overall by its elevation, relief, lithology, and geologic structure. As a consequence of the region's history of rock formation, deformation, and erosion, specific types of landforms or other geologic features may be associated with a given province. It is often possible to subdivide the provinces into subregions on the basis of the distribution pattern of these features.
|Appalachian Plateaus||Valley and Ridge|
|Blue Ridge||Piedmont Plateau|
Bingham, Edgar. 1991. "The Physiographic Provinces of Virginia," The Virginia Geographer 23(2): 19-32.
Frye, Keith. 1986. Roadside Geology of Virginia (Missoula, MT: Mountain Press Publishing Company)
Woodward, S. L. and R. L. Hoffman 1992. "The Nature of Virginia," pp. 23-48 in Virginia's Endangered Species, Karen Terwilliger, coordinator (Blacksburg: The McDonald & Woodward Publishing Company).
Woodward, S. 1994. "The Five Physiographic Provinces of Virginia," Virginia Explorer [Martinsville: Virginia Museum of Natural History]