Gender:  the basics   Psychology
by   Hilary M. Lips, Ph.D. Radford University

TABLE OF CONTENTS
 Copyright H. Lips, May 2013
Routledge Books

 

Chapter 1:   Gender: Everybody has/does one


Gender and sex: Is there a difference?

A brief history of ideas about gender

Is gender “built-in,” or do we construct it?


The role of biology


The role of culture

Gender identity

Gender and other categories

The emphasis on differences



Chapter 2: Power, Inequalities, and Prejudice


Gender stereotypes: Instrumentality vs. expressiveness


Descriptions and prescriptions


“Truth” and stereotypes


The impact of the media on gender stereotypes

Women are wonderful—but incompetent? Evaluating women and men


Stereotypes and status

Sexism is complicated


Old-fashioned vs. Modern sexism


Hostile and Benevolent sexism


Sexism in the evaluation of work

Sexism and the media

Impact of sexism on its targets


Old-fashioned vs. Modern sexism


Hostile and Benevolent sexism


Sexism in the evaluation of work

Sexism and the media

Impact of sexism on its targets


Stereotype threat


Responding to expressions of sexism

Feminism as a collective response to sexism



Chapter 3: Relationships, Intimacy, and Sexualities


Gender and expectations of power and intimacy in interpersonal relationships

Women’s and men’s friendships

Sexuality in relationships


What does sexuality mean in relationships?


Culture, sexual self-schemas, and sexual scripts

 Desire, arousal, and satisfaction


Sexual empowerment for women and girls?


Sexual satisfaction

Couples: Long-term, intimate connections


Bases and styles of interpersonal power in relationships


Families with children



Chapter 4: The Gendered Workplace


Occupational segregation: Women and men in different jobs


Why occupational segregation?

The gender pay gap

Changing patterns and scope of employment discrimination


Employment discrimination: A brief history


Sexual harassment

Glass Ceilings and Glass Escalators: Is the impact of being a token different for women and men?

Motherhood penalties and fatherhood premiums

Affirmative action as a solution?

Moving toward family-friendly workplaces



Chapter 5:  Gender, Leadership, and Public Life


Gender and political leadership: Global trends and some examples

Gender and organizational leadership: Global trends and some examples


“Uncounted” leaders: Activist women

Gender stereotypes and the evaluation of female and male leaders


Leadership, self, and identity


The labyrinth

Are there “female” and “male” leadership styles?


Leaders as role models for women and men

The impact of leadership positions on the men and women who hold them



Chapter 6: Global Patterns of Gender-related Violence


Interpersonal violence is gendered

Intimate partner violence


Intimate partner violence against women


Intimate partner violence against men

Stalking

Rape and sexual assault


Rape as a weapon of war

Violence as a public performance of gender hierarchy and norms

The business of gendered violence


Pornography


Sex trafficking

Economic and health impacts of gendered violence



Chapter 7: Global Patterns of Gender and Health


Gendered patterns of disease

Nutrition

Stress

Health-related behaviors are influenced by gender stereotypes


Smoking


Alcohol and other drugs


Risk-taking


Risky sexual behaviors


Exercise and fitness

HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases

Reproductive health and maternal mortality


Contraception and abortion


Pregnancy, childbirth, and maternal health


Female genital mutilation

Depression and suicide

Access to medical care



Chapter 8: The Shape of our Future: Gender and the Aging Population


Changing demographics: An aging population means more women

Work and the gendered economics of aging: Who can afford a restful retirement?


Aging and the feminization of poverty

Gendered aspects of aging and health


Media messages to older men and women


Women, men, bodies and fitness at older ages

Disability and disease


The gendering of caregiving

Identity and relationships: Widowhood, social networks, social support

Purpose and meaning: Rethinking what matters

For further exploration



Epilogue:  The Future of Gender

  ". . . .  in a context of rapidly changing technology and global media reach, the tide of change in women’s roles is unlikely to be turned back. . . . . As women and men journey together into a future that appears dynamic and uncertain, there will be a continuing necessity to question long-held assumptions and experiment with new roles."


Glossary

 

References

Gender: the Basics     A New Psychology of Women, 3rd Ed     Women, Men, and Power     Sex & Gender: An Introduction
Gender Center Home Page          Psychology Home Page           Radford University Home Page
Created by   H. Lips          Books           Home Page          © H. Lips, May 2013          Last updated May 22nd, 2013