History 334

HIST 334
Roman Civilization (B)

1. Catalog Entry

HIST 334
Roman Civilization (B)

Credit hours (3)
Prerequisite: Three hours of HIST at 100 level

A study of the political, socio-economic, and cultural development of ancient Rome and the Mediterranean world from their archaic roots to about AD 500 that places the Roman world in the larger context of the Ancient Near East and Mediterranean world. Students who have already received credit for HIST 308 cannot also receive credit for HIST 334.

2. Detailed Description of Course

    1) Introduction: The Significance of Roman Civilization
    2) Archaic Italy and Early Rome
        a. Legends, Myths, Livy, and Archaeology
        b. The Roman Monarchy
    3) Early Roman Republic
        a. State and Constitution
        b. Society and Economy    
        c. Expansion in Italy
    4) The Republic Builds an Empire
        a. Punic Wars
        b. The Hellenistic East
        c. Conquest and Integration of the Hellenistic States
        d. Roman Government and Polybius
    5) Crisis in the Late Republic
        a. Social and Economic Transformations
        b. Gracchi Brothers
        c. Rise of Marius
        d. Social War
        e. Rise of Sulla
    6) The Roman East and the Parthian Persian Empire
    7) Roman Revolution
        a. The First Triumvirate and Julius Caesar
        b. The Second Triumvirate and Octavian
        c. Augustus and the Principate
    8) Early Roman Empire and the Pax Romana
        a. Emperors and Suetonius
        b. Good Emperors
        c. Society and Culture
        d. Culture and Religion
        e. Greece and Britain under Roman Rule
        f. Persian Revival: The Sassanid Dynasty
        g. Crisis of the Third Century
    9) Late Roman Empire
        a. Diocletian and the Dominate
        b. Constantine and Christian Rome
        c. Empire Divided
        d. Germanic People
        e. Decline
    10) Late Antiquity and the Roman Legacy


3. Detailed Description of Conduct of Course

The class meets three hours per week.  The course is taught primarily using a lecture format and includes time dedicated to the discussion of sources and further elaboration of themes introduced in lectures and readings.  Students are required to read extensively from textbooks and material distributed in class. Class discussion of assigned material is an important element of the course.

4. Goals and Objectives of the Course

Having successfully completed this course, students will be able to:
    1) Students will practice thinking critically and analytically about historical issues, acquire a broader knowledge and deeper understanding of
       pertinent historical events and processes, and cultivate a familiarity with the concepts of historical argument and interpretation.  
    2) Students will develop disciplinary research skills by designing strategies to locate and analyze primary and secondary source evidence,
       processing and organizing the resultant data, and composing proper citation and bibliographical entries.
    3) Students will apply their critical thinking, research, and compositional skills to the creation and presentation of thesis driven essays that discuss,
       for example, historical social, economic, political, and/or cultural developments and that address issues such as the causes and consequences of
       historical change and continuity.
    4) Students will study the Roman world and other cultures of the classical Mediterranean in order to develop an awareness of the complexity of
       historical development.  In particular, students will demonstrate an understanding of the multicultural nature of the ancient Mediterranean world
       that nourished “Greco-Roman” civilization and that civilization’s legacy.

5. Assessment Measures

Knowledge and understanding of the material covered in this course will be measured using an array of assessment tools that may include, among other things, class attendance and participation, written examinations, formal writing assignments of various types, and informal writing assignments. All exercises are designed to expand the student's ability to evaluate historical events and to develop his or her ability to compose persuasive arguments.

6. Other Course Information

None.

Review and Approval

April 23, 2014