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Classes Offered

RA and RD Fire Saftey Training

Resident Assistant and Resident Director Fire Safety Training photo gallery

The Office of Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management offers a variety of training courses to the university community, ranging from CPR certification and First Aid to defensive driving or how to properly use personal protective equipment. See the complete list of courses offered below by safety catagory.

Fire and Life Safety

  • CPR/First Aid/AED
  • Fire Extinguishers
  • General Fire Safety

Laboratory Safety

  • Chlorine Safety
  • Formaldahyde
  • Hazard Communication
  • Hazard Communication - Self Study Course
  • Hazardous Materials - Awareness Training
  • Hazardous Waste Management
  • Laboratory Safety

Radiation Safety

  • Analytical X-Ray Equipment
  • Radiation Safety in Laboratories

Industrial Hygiene

  • Asbestos Awareness
  • Bloodborne Pathogens
  • Bloodborne Pathogens - Self Study Course
  • Heat Stress
  • Lead Paint Awareness
  • CPR/First Aid/AED
  • Confined Space Entry
  • Electrical Safety
  • Excavation/Trenching
  • Fall Protection
  • Ladder Safety
  • Lockout/Tagout
  • Ergonomics
  • Clothing
  • Gloves
  • Hard Hats
  • Hearing Protection
  • Powered Industrial Trucks
  • Safety Orientation
  • Safety Responsibilities
  • Scaffolds
  • Vans
  • Welding
  • Winter Preparedness
  • Respirators
  • Safety Glasses
  • Safety Shoes
  • Personal Protective Equipment

Fire and Life Safety

CPR/First Aid/AED

Training classes are held in the Facilities Management Break Room. CPR/AED & First Aid classes are restricted to employees only. Recertification classes are open only to those who have a current certification card (no more than one month past expiration date). American Heart cards are acceptable for  AED and recert classes. The cost of the recert cards are $19.00. Classes will be scheduled on an as needed basis. Please call the Safety Manager at extension 7790 if you would like to register for a class.

Fire Extinguishers

Scope: All employees who may use a fire extinguisher to fight a fire are required by OSHA to receive annual training on the use of fire extinguishers. This class is required for all maintenance employees, housekeepers, dining services, and residential life employees. 

Overview: Fire extinguishers can save lives and property by putting out a small fire or preventing it from spreading. However, to be effective fire extinguishers must be used properly. There is no time to read the directions during a fire emergency. In this class employees are instructed on the hazards of fighting fires, the types of fires and fire extinguishers, how to properly operate a fire extinguisher, OSHA regulations, and the procedures to follow in a fire emergency.

General Fire Safety

Scope: This class is designed for all employees at the university.

Overview: Every year nearly 5,000 lives are lost to fires. Fires and burns account for 3.3% of all occupational injuries. In addition, industrial fires cost billions of dollars. Most of these fires are preventable however, because the majority of fires are due to unsafe acts committed by people who are untrained or careless. This class is designed to help employees understand and recognize the acts that could lead to fires and what actions they need to take to correct these problems. The university’s Fire Safety Plan will be discussed and proper emergency procedures will also be explained.

Laboratory Safety

Chlorine Safety

Scope: This class is designed for individuals who work with gas chlorine.

Overview: Chlorine is a very corrosive and toxic gas that can irritate the skin, eyes, and lungs in low doses. Higher exposures can cause coughing, labored breathing, unconsciousness and death. The properties of chlorine, symptoms of overexposure, first aid, and emergency procedures will be discussed.

Formaldehyde

Scope: This training is required by OSHA for all employees exposed to formaldehyde concentrations of 0.1 ppm or greater.

Overview:  Formaldehyde is one of the most common chemicals in use today. Exposure is most common through inhalation although it can also occur through skin absorption. Health care workers, and teachers and students who handle preserved specimens are potentially at risk. Consumers can receive exposures from building materials, cosmetics, home furnishings, and textiles. Short-term exposure to high levels of formaldehyde can be fatal. Chronic exposure to low levels of formaldehyde may cause respiratory difficulty, eczema, and sensitization. Formaldehyde is classified as a human carcinogen and has been linked to nasal and lung cancer, and with possible links to brain cancer and leukemia. This class is designed to increase the participants awareness of the hazards associated with formaldehyde and of control measures to reduce exposure.

Hazard Communication

Scope:  The Hazard Communication Standard covers all employees who are exposed to hazardous chemicals on the job. This training is required by OSHA regulations.

Overview:  The Hazard Communication Standard, also known as the Right-to-Know-Standard, is designed to protect workers from the effects of hazardous chemicals used in the workplace. OSHA estimates that approximately 32 million workers are exposed to over 650,000 hazardous chemical products in the workplace. Chemicals, if not handled properly, can be dangerous to workers and pose a wide range of health hazards (irritation, sensitization, carcinogenicity) and physical hazards (flammability, reactivity). Information is presented on the standard, labeling, material safety data sheets, health and physical effects of chemicals and on methods to use chemicals safely. On-line training is available.

Hazard Communication Self-Study Course

The Hazard Communication or Right-To-Know Standard is designed to inform workers of chemical hazards in the work place and to provide measures to minimize exposures. All workers who use chemicals must receive training on the hazards of those chemicals and safety procedures. Training can be done by scheduling a class through the Safety Office or by taking this on-line course.

Procedures

  1. Read the Safety Guidelines for the Hazard Commmunication Standard.
  2. Refer to the Hazard Communication Program for addition information about the progrm.
  3. Consult the Hazard Communication Manual for additional information concerning chemical safety.
  4. After you have reviewed the above materials, take the test administered by your supervisor or the Safety Office.

Contact the Safety Director, Tom Smithwick, at 831-7790, 558-5250 (pager), or at tsmithwi@radford.edu if you have any questions while you are taking the training course. Mr. Smithwick can always be reached in his office from 1-2 pm, M-F.

Hazardous Materials - Awareness Training

Scope:  This training is required by OSHA for all employees who are likely to discover a hazardous material release and initiate an emergency response. The following occupations are required to receive hazardous materials awareness training:

  • Police Officers
  • Laboratory Technicians
  • Warehouse and Stockroom employees

Overview:  Individuals involved in hazardous material incidents will receive training in the following areas:

  • Recognition and identification of hazardous materials
  • Classes of hazardous materials
  • Chemical and physical properties of chemicals
  • Toxicology
  • Responding to an emergency
  • Decision making process
  • Health and safety considerations

This class is not designed to teach emergency responders how to stop leaks or clean up spills.

Hazardous Waste Management

Scope: This training is recommended for all employees who generate hazardous waste at the university.

Overview:  Hazardous waste is strictly regulated by the Environmental Protection Agency under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). This Act mandates a "cradle-to-grave" system for managing hazardous waste and applies to those who generate, store, transport, treat, recycle, or dispose of hazardous waste.  Non-compliance with RCRA regulations could result in fines and legal action.   Fines of $25,000 per incident per day are possible for the institution, and individuals may be held criminally and civilly liable for violating waste management regulations. Even after legal disposal, generators retain responsibility for the waste as long as it can harm human health or the environment. The Safety Office provides generators with a legal and safe method to dispose of hazardous waste through a hazardous waste management service. The training program will discuss the Hazardous Waste Management Program at the university and cover the following subjects:

  • Definition of hazardous waste
  • Reducing hazardous waste
  • Restrictions
  • Procedures
  • Storage
  • Chemical Spills

Laboratory Safety
 
Scope:  This class is required by OSHA for all employees who work with chemicals in laboratories.

Overview:  The Laboratory Safety Standard is specifically designed to protect workers exposed to chemicals in laboratories. Injury to laboratory workers can result from carelessness, unfamiliarity with hazards of chemicals and equipment, or a lack of proper precautions. To reduce these accidents, personnel must be trained in the hazards of the chemicals they work with and methods to reduce exposures. This training class provides information on chemical hazards and procedures for the safe handling of hazardous chemicals commonly used in laboratories. The university’s Chemical Hygiene Plan will be discussed. Physical hazards such as flammable liquids, reactives, explosives, compressed gas cylinders, and cryogenic liquids are covered. Health hazards associated with chemicals such as corrosives, toxins, carcinogens, and embryotoxins are included. Information is also presented on personal protective equipment, safety equipment, and cleaning up small chemical spills.

Radiation Safety

Analytical X-Ray Equipment

Scope:  This training is required by the Virginia Bureau of Radiological Health for all individuals (workers and students) who use analytical x-ray equipment at the university.

Overview:  Analytical x-ray equipment generates high intensity ionizing radiation. Improper or careless use of this equipment can cause severe and permanent injury if any part of the body is exposed to the primary beam for even a few seconds. The purpose of this class is to ensure that analytical x-ray equipment is used safely at the university. The university’s Analytical X-ray Safety Manual will be discussed. Topics covered include the properties of x-rays, types of equipment, radiation hazards, radiation protection measures, radiation monitoring, biological effects of radiation, and emergency procedures.

Radiation Safety in Laboratories


Scope:  This training is required by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission for all individuals (workers and students) who use radioisotopes at the university.

Overview:  The primary purpose of this training program is to limit unnecessary radiation exposure to individuals who use radioisotopes for teaching and research purposes at the university. The university’s Radiation Safety Manual will be discussed. Information of the fundamentals of radiation, safety procedures, methods to reduce exposures, and NRC, State, and university regulations governing the use of radioactive materials are covered.

Industrial Hygiene

Asbestos Awareness

Scope:  This class is required for all employees who may be exposed to asbestos fibers while performing their job duties. Asbestos awareness is mandatory per OSHA regulations for all housekeepers and maintenance employees and must be performed annually.

Overview: An estimated 1.3 million employees in construction and general industry face significant exposure to asbestos on the job. Heaviest exposures occur in construction, particularly during the removal of asbestos during renovation or demolition. Employees are also likely to be exposed during automotive brake and clutch repair work. Maintenance and Housekeeping staff are at risk because they may disturb asbestos containing product while performing their job duties. Asbestos is well recognized as a health hazard and is highly regulated. Exposure to asbestos can cause asbestosis (scarring of the lung resulting in loss of lung function); mesothelioma (cancer of the membrane that lines the lung and abdomen); lung cancer; and cancers of the esophagus, stomach, colon, and rectum. Training will discuss the health effects of asbestos, smoking and asbestos, the location of asbestos in the workplace, methods to reduce exposure, emergency procedures, OSHA regulations, and the use of respirators.

Automated External Defibrillator (AED)

Scope:  This class is open to all university employees who are currently certified in adult CPR. The class takes 2  hours. Participants may audit the class or take the class for certification. There is no charge. Participants must pass a test to become certified by the American Red Cross. Classes are limited to 6 persons.

Overview: Each year, sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) strikes more than 250,000 Americans. During a heart attack blood flow to the heart muscle is blocked, resulting in symptoms that may last for hours. However, during SCA the victim immediately becomes unresponsive, stops breathing, has no pulse and will die within minutes without intervention.  The primary cause of sudden cardiac arrest is ventricular fibrillation, a condition in which the heart's normal electrical signal becomes erratic, causing the heart to stop pumping blood effectively. When this occurs, defibrillation, or restoring the heart's natural rhythm by applying an electrical shock, is the best treatment for SCA. The chance of survival decreases by approximately 10% with each minute that passes after the time of attack. The response time by EMS is often more than 10 minutes. Widespread deployment of automated external defibrillators (AED) allows "targeted responders" in a business setting to provide early defibrillation to victims in the first critical moments after a SCA. As many as 50,000 deaths each year in the United States could be prevented. Use of an AED does not replace the care provided by emergency medical services (EMS), but is meant to provide a lifesaving bridge during the first few critical minutes it takes for advanced life support providers to arrive.

Bloodborne Pathogens

Scope:  This standard covers all employees who are "reasonably anticipated" to be exposed to blood and other potentially infectious materials as part of their job duties. This class is mandated by OSHA regulations and retraining is required annually. The following occupations at the university fall under the Bloodborne Pathogen Standard:

  • Police Officers
  • Housekeepers
  • Athletic Trainers
  • Lifeguards
  • Plumbers
  • Nurses

Overview:  The Bloodborne Pathogen Standard is designed to protect approximately 5.6 million workers and prevent about 200 deaths and 9,200 infections each year. Bloodborne pathogens are microorganisms in human blood that can cause disease in humans. Although about a dozen diseases are know, the main concern is from exposure to hepatitis B & C, and HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. To prevent illness, chronic infection, and death, OSHA has issued this standard to protect workers from exposure to blood and other potentially infectious materials. Training includes information about the Bloodborne Pathogen Standard, Hepatitis B & C, HIV, safety procedures for cleaning up blood spills, infectious waste, hepatitis B vaccine, and how to report exposure incidents. A self-study course is also available.

Bloodborne Pathogens Self-Study Course

Individuals who have occupational exposure to blood must receive training in OSHAs Bloodborne Pathogen Standard, HIV, HBV, HCV, the hepatitis B vaccine, methods to reduce exposure, and procedures for reporting an exposure incident. Training can be done through this self-study course by reviewing the following information and passing a test administered by your supervisor or the Safety Office.   

Procedures

  1. Read the following materials:
    1. Bloodborne Pathogens Standard - Summary
    2. Bloodborne Pathogens- Safety Guidelines
    3. FAQ- HIV
    4. FAQ- HBV
    5. FAQ- HCV
  2. After you have reviewed the above materials, take the test administered by your supervisor or the Safety Office.
  3. If you want the vaccine complete the Vaccine Request Form.
  4. Sign the Declination Form if you don't want the vaccine.
  5. Send the test and forms to Tom Smithwick,  PO Box 6909.

Call the Student Health Center (831-5111) two days later to schedule a time to receive the vaccine.

Contact the Safety Director, at 831-7790, if you have any questions while you are taking the training course.

Heat Stress

Scope: This training class is designed for all employees who may be exposed to excessive heat both on and off the job.

Overview: High temperatures and humidity can put stress on our bodies. Because of this stress the cooling mechanism of the body works to hard and can shut down. Health problems associated with heat stress can range from fatigue to death depending on the severity of the problem. This class will cover the potential hazards involved in working and playing in hot environments. The symptoms of heat cramps, heat exhaustion, and heat stroke will be discussed along with first aid procedures and steps to reduce heat stress.

Lead Paint

Scope:  All employees who may be exposed to lead-based paint hazards are required to receive lead paint awareness training. Awareness training is mandatory for all maintenance and housekeeping personnel. Employees who may be exposed to lead above OSHA limits are required to receive more extensive training.

Overview:  Overexposure to lead is one of the most common overexposures found in industry. When absorbed into the body in certain doses lead is a toxic substance. Exposure to lead occurs in several different occupations in the construction industry, including demolition of structures, removal or encapsulation of lead containing materials, new construction, alteration, repair, or renovation of structures that contain lead, and installation of products containing lead. In addition, exposure to lead may occur during maintenance operations associated with construction activities. The object of the training class is to prevent absorption of harmful quantities of lead that may have immediate toxic effects or serious chronic effects. The program will discuss operations which could result in exposure to lead, health hazards of lead, exposure limits, protective measures, the OSHA Standard, medical surveillance, and respiratory protection.

CPR/First Aid/AED

Scope:  This class is designed for all university employees. Adult CPR/AED & First Aid normally takes 6 hours. Participants may audit the class or take the class for certification. Cards are $19 and are valid for 2 years. Participants must pass a test to become certified by the American Red Cross. CPR/First aid is required for all safety office personnel and police officers. Recertification classes are offered to those who hold a current certification card.  All classes are scheduled as needed.

Overview:  The purpose of the class is to train employees to act appropriately in the event of an emergency. Participants will learn how to:

  • Check a victim
  • Use the emergency medical system
  • Give rescue breathing
  • Give abdominal thrusts to a choking victim
  • Perform CPR
  • Use an AED
  • Control bleeding
  • Apply a splint
  • Care for burns, heat and cold emergencies, insect bites, and sudden illnesses

Occupational and Construction Safety

Confined Space Entry

Scope: This class is required by OSHA for all employees who enter permit required confined spaces on campus or serve as attendants for those who enter.

Overview:  Permit required confined spaces are spaces that have limited access, are large enough to enter, are not designed for continuous human occupancy, and have a health or safety hazard. Examples of permit required confined spaces include manholes, boilers, underground vaults, wells, septic tanks, ventilation ducts and sewers. This training class will discuss the Confined Space Program and review the hazards and safety procedures associated with working in permit spaces. Topics include information about the standard, atmospheric (lack of oxygen, toxic, flammable) and physical hazards (electrical, mechanical, heat, noise), safety procedures, atmospheric testing, personal protective equipment, ventilation, entry permits, attendants, and rescue procedures.

Electrical Safety

Scope:  This training is required by OSHA for employees who work on or near exposed electrical conductors and equipment.

Overview:  Electricity has long been recognized as a serious workplace hazard, exposing employees to such dangers as electric shock, electrocution, burns, fires, and explosions. In 1992 six percent of workplace fatalities, or 347 deaths were the direct results of electrocution at work. Most of these fatalities could easily have been avoided. The purpose of this training is to provide training in safety related work practices to all employees who are exposed to a risk of electric shock, burns, or related injuries. This training will discuss OSHA’s Electrical Safety Standard, safe practices for working on or near electrical equipment, how to use protective equipment, and how to safely use electrical equipment.

Excavation and Trenching

Scope:  This training is required by OSHA for all employees who work in or around excavations greater than five feet deep.

Overview:  Excavation and trenching cave-ins result in more than one hundred fatalities annually in the United States. With little or no warning, an unsupported, improperly shored or sloped trench or excavation wall can collapse, trapping workers below in seconds. In addition to human losses the financial costs can be enormous--property damage, work stoppage, and workers' compensation. The purpose of this program is to protect employees from hazards that may be encountered while working in trenches and excavations. The training program includes information about the OSHA Program, hazard identification and control, safe work practices and emergency procedures that must be followed while working in an excavation or trench. Information on sloping, shoring, and shielding of trenches is also presented.

Fall Protection

Scope:  This class is required by OSHA for all employees who work near an unprotected edge greater than six feet high.

Overview:  In 1995, 335 construction workers died from falls. This represented 32% of all deaths to construction workers for the year. Each year, falls consistently account for the greatest number of fatalities in the construction industry. Events surrounding these accidents include unstable working surfaces, misuse of fall protection equipment, and human error. Many deaths and injuries from falls could be prevented by the use of proper fall protection systems. This class will cover the Fall Protection Standard and fall protection systems such as guardrails, safety nets, personal fall arrest systems, warning line systems, safety monitoring systems, and covers. The proper use of safety harnesses, lanyards, rope grabs, and safety lines will also be discussed and demonstrated.

Ladder Safety

Scope:  This class is required by OSHA for all employees who use ladders.

Overview:   Each year over 300 people die from falling off ladders and 65,000 people are injured seriously enough to go to a hospital. Because ladders are so commonplace, safety precautions are often taken for granted. Over 90% of all ladder accidents result from misuse. Proper training and routine inspections and maintenance can substantially reduce the number of injuries. This training class will allow participants to recognize hazards associated with ladders and to use proper procedures when using a ladder. Topics covered include rules for the safe use of ladders, selecting the right ladder for the job, proper placement, ascending and descending, and inspection of the ladder.

Lockout/Tagout

Scope:  This standard covers employees who service and repair equipment where the unexpected power influx or start-up of equipment could harm employees.

Overview:  The Lockout/Tagout Standard is designed to prevent injuries to personnel caused by the accidental start-up or sudden release of energy while performing repair or service on equipment. About three million workers who service equipment face the greatest risk. These include craft workers, machine operators, and laborers. Ten percent of serious industrial accidents are due to the accidental start up of equipment, 120 lives are lost each year and 60,000 injuries occur. Injures can occur during repairs, routine maintenance, clearing a jammed or blocked machine, cleaning, oiling equipment, or making minor adjustments. The rule generally requires that energy sources for equipment be turned off or disconnected and that the switch be locked and labeled with a warning tag. This class will discuss the standard, potential hazards, lockout/tagout devices, application of these devices, release from lockout/tagout, group lockout/tagout, inspections, contractors, and shift changes.

Ergonomics

Scope:  This class is offered to all employees who work in offices.

Overview:  We usually think of our offices as a safe place, yet each year thousands of accidents occur in offices. Approximately 15% of accidents on campus occur to office workers. To improve office safety, workers should be aware of potential problems and take appropriate precautions to reduce risks. Topics include falls, lifting, struck by or striking an object, caught between objects, electrical safety, chemicals, and fire safety.

Protective Clothing

Scope:  This class is designed for employees who wear protective clothing to protect them from chemicals that may cause burns, skin irritation, or may be harmful to health.

Overview:  The purpose of protective clothing is to prevent harm to the body from potential exposures associated with hazardous work. Protective clothing should be used for protection from most types of work with chemicals. Employees will be shown how to select proper protective clothing based on an evaluation of the chemical hazard and the degree of protection required. OSHA regulations and information concerning resistance to various chemicals will also be discussed.

Gloves/Hand Protection

Scope:  This class is designed for all employees who engaged in operations that are hazardous to their hands.

Overview:  According to OSHA regulations employees shall use appropriate hand protection when their hands are exposed to hazards from skin absorption of harmful substances, severe cuts or lacerations, severe abrasions, punctures, chemical burns, thermal burns, and harmful temperature extremes. Training will include the OSHA regulations, how to select the appropriate hand protection relative to the task.

Hard Hats

Scope:  This class is designed for employees who wear protective helmets when working in areas where there is a potential for injury to the head from falling objects.

Overview:  Injuries to the head are common in the workplace, accounting for approximately 10% of all occupational injuries. More than 120,000 disabling injuries to the head occur each year. Most employees who receive head injuries were not wearing head protection at the time. This class will cover the OSHA regulations, types of hard hats, precautions, inspections, and maintenance of hard hats.

Hearing Protection

Scope:  This training is required by OSHA for all employees who are exposed to noise levels greater than 85 decibels for 8 hours a day.

Overview:  Occupational exposure to noise levels in excess of OSHA standards places hundreds of thousands of workers at risk of developing hearing impairement. Occupational induced hearing loss continues to be one of the leading occupational illnesses in the United States. There is no cure for hearing loss due to noise exposure. Once hearing is damaged it does not return to normal. In addition, exposure to noise can cause lost productivity due to fatigue, elevated blood pressure, tension and nervousness.This class will discuss the university’s Hearing Conservation Program, exposure limits, and hearing protection devices such as ear plugs, canal caps, and ear muffs.

Powered Industrial Trucks

Scope:  This training is required by OSHA regulations for all operators of powered industrial trucks.

Overview:  Powered industrial trucks are used in almost all industries to carry, push, pull, lift, stack, or tier materials and include forklift trucks, pallet trucks, and motorized hand trucks. Tens of thousands of injuries occur in U.S. workplaces each year from accidents involving lift trucks. Ten percent of all serious industrial accidents are due to powered industrial trucks. Injuries usually involve employees being struck by lift trucks or falling while standing or working from elevated pallets and tines. Most accidents are avoidable and many are due to horseplay, carelessness, or rushing to get the job done. This training class will discuss the OSHA Program, safety precautions including traveling, stacking the load, parking, and inspections. Operators will also be given a driving test. Online training is available.

Safety Orientation

More information about Safety Orientation can be found online.

Safety Responsibilities

Scope:  This class is designed for all supervisors.

Overview:  The goal of the safety program at the university is to reduce injuries and illnesses by preventing accidents. A proactive approach to accident reduction is better than waiting for an accident to happen. This class will explore methods to prevent accidents through safety inspections, training, accident investigations, and enforcement of safety rules. The class will also discuss the responsibilities of top management, employees, supervisors and the Safety Office.

Scaffolds

Scope: This training is required by OSHA regulations for all workers who use scaffolding at the university.

Overview:  Of the 500,000 injuries and illnesses that occur in the construction industry annually, 10,000 are related to scaffolds. In addition, of the estimated 900 occupational fatalities occurring annually, at least 80 are associated with work on scaffolds. Seventy-two percent of the workers injured in scaffold accidents attributed the accident either to the planking or support giving way, or to the employee slipping or being struck by a falling object. The training class will emphasize safe work practices and discuss OSHA scaffolding regulations. Training will include the following topics:

  • OSHA requirements on scaffolding.
  • Electrical hazards.
  • Fall hazards.
  • Falling object hazards.
  • The proper use of fall protection equipment if needed.

Passenger Vans

Scope:  This class is mandatory for all drivers (faculty, students, staff) of university owned or leased 12-15 passenger vans.

Overview:  Between December 29, 1999 and February 14, 2000 five vans carrying college sports teams crashed, killing five students and injuring thirty-eight. In response to these accidents and increased publicity concerning large passenger vans, on April 9, 2001, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) issued a "cautionary warning" to users of large passenger vans. Their study revealed that the rollover risk for vans with 10 or more occupants was three times greater than those with fewer than 10 occupants.  In addition, large vans were seven times as likely as an automobile to roll over in a crash. In July of 2001, three 15-passenger vans carrying church groups in Virginia, Idaho, and Kansas crashed killing six and injuring twenty-two. In response to these accidents, increased publicity, and the NHTSA recommendation, on July 20, 2001, the Division of Risk Management in Richmond issued a "Risk Advisory" recommending that state agencies follow certain "best safety practices" when using large passenger vans. One of  these recommendations was that all drivers of large passenger vans attend a defensive driving class, including a road test. This class is designed to be in compliance with the State's recommendation. The class is based on the National Safety Council's course on defensive driving for van drivers and will cover the following topics:

  • differences between a van and a car
  • reducing your risks while driving a van
  • overview of defensive driving skills
  • how to become a better driver
  • Radford University policy on passenger vans

The class is 40 minutes long. In addition, a half-hour road test must be completed. Please contact the safety office to schedule this training.

View a list of individuals who have completed the defensive driving course and road test.

View a list of frequently asked questions about the use of passengers vans at Radford University.

Welding

Scope:  This class is required for all employees who perform welding, cutting, and brazing operations.

Overview:  An estimated 562,000 employees are at risk for exposure to chemical and physical hazards from welding, cutting, and brazing. Fifty-eight deaths from welding and cutting incidents, including explosions, fires, electrocutions, asphyxiation, falls and crushing injuries were reported in 1993. The risk of fatal injury is more than four per thousand workers over a lifetime. For the construction industry, burns to the eyes from welding accounts for 6% of all construction eye injuries. There are numerous health hazards associated with exposure to fumes and gases released during welding, cutting, and brazing, including heavy metal poisoning, lung cancer, and metal fume fever. This class will discuss the OSHA regulations, health and physical hazards, hot-work permits, and methods to reduce risk.

Winter Preparedness

Scope:  This class is designed for all employees at the university.

Overview:  Severe winter weather can cause frostbite, hypothermia, heart attacks, back injuries, carbon monoxide poisoning, fires, electrocution and traffic accidents. Injuries, loss of life, and damage to property can be greatly reduced if employees take appropriate preparedness measures before, during and after severe winter weather. This class will provide  safety information to prepare employees for the winter months.    

Respirators

Scope:  This training is required by OSHA for all employees who wear respirators.

Overview:  Three million workers wear respirators on the job every day. Workers are exposed to hazardous substances that can cause skin irritation, loss of vision, respiratory damage, cancer, heart disease, and other chronic illnesses. When employee exposure to airborne contaminants exceeds OSHA permissible levels, controls must be instituted to reduce exposures to acceptable limits. Reducing contaminants through proper engineering controls and work practices is the first priority for the protection of personnel. This includes isolation of the process, use of less toxic materials, and local exhaust ventilation. If these controls are not feasible then suitable respiratory equipment must be provided to protect workers from exposure to hazardous airborne contaminants. Training is a critical part of respirator use.Topics discussed include the OSHA Respiratory Program, types of respirators, medical evaluations, fit testing procedures, proper use of respirators, maintenance procedures, respiratory hazards, and precautions.

Safety Glasses

Scope:  This class is designed for all employees who may be exposed to eye or face hazards from flying particles, molten metal, liquid chemicals, acids or caustic liquids, chemical gases or vapors or potentially injurious light radiation.

Overview:  More than 1,000 eye injuries occur each day on the job. Between 300-500 million dollars is spent per year on medical costs and workers compensation claims. Over 90% of eye injuries could have been prevented if proper eye protection were worn. This class will explain why eye and face protection are important, discuss the OSHA regulations, demonstrarte different types of eye protection equipment, and show workers how to select, use, and maintaint the equipment.

Safety Shoes

Scope:  This class is designed for all employees who may be exposed to hazards that may injure the feet.

Overview:  Foot injuries are common in the workplace. More than 100,000 employees suffer disabling injuries to their feet every year. Approximately 75% of these injuries could have been prevented if employees had worn the proper foot protection. Proper footwear can protect the worker from falling and rolling objects, punctures, chemicals, slips, and electric shock. The university’s Safety Shoe Program, types of protective footwear available to workers, care, and subsidies will be discussed.

Personal Protective Equipment

Scope:  This class is required by OSHA for all workers who use personal protective equipment.

Overview:  Personal protective equipment is used to reduce exposures to hazards when engineering and administrative controls are not feasible or effective in reducing exposures to acceptable levels. Several different types of personal protective equipment are available to protect workers from hazards they may encounter on the job. These include eye protection, gloves, protective clothing, respirators, hard hats, safety shoes, and hearing protection. Training will discuss the OSHA Program and include the following: when PPE is necessary, what type of PPE is required for the job, how it is to be worn, what its limitations are, and the proper care, maintenance, and disposal of PPE. Online training is also available.