Management offers many exciting and rewarding career opportunities. This document is designed to give you an overview of those opportunities.
There are many industrially developed countries in the world, including the United States, with sophisticated government, business, social, educational, and service organizations. The leaders of these organizations are managers and are called by various names such as boss, director, department head, principal, chief executive officer, president, branch manager, executive and administrator.
All management jobs include planning, organizing, directing, and controlling. The degree to which each of these functions becomes part of a manager's responsibility depends on two things:
• The level and extent of the manager's authority, and
• The nature and size of the organization.
In larger organizations, managers track special functions, such as sales or finance. However, all managerial jobs involve interacting effectively with other employees, working toward a greater goal.
Here are brief descriptions of some important management jobs.
SUPERVISOR or JUNIOR MANAGERS
Plans and schedules day-to-day employee operations, directing each type of production or service activity
Works with small group of other employees to share ideas, overcome negative attitudes, and improve interpersonal communication skills
Coordinates a design project through communication and teamwork, usually in computer science or engineering
Operates between junior and top managers, possibly overseeing branch or regional offices
Oversees an overseas branch of a corporation or a department dealing specifically with international issues
CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER
In charge of an entire company or corporation, maximizing profit while minimizing difficulties within the organization or its relationship with outside entities
Works with a larger organization, within any number of specialized departments, such as human resources, marketing, accounting, finance, etc.
Oversees services specifically related to actual operation of a company, including organization, communication, and evaluation
INFORMATION SYSTEMS MANAGER
Oversees the data processing and network administration of an organization's computer systems
Engages in the business activity of buying materials, supplies, and services to reach an organization's goals
Administers the sales and distribution of an organization, including economic forecasting and transportation
Controls the legal and accounting departments of an organization
Organizes and executes various office functions within an organization
HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGER
Oversees many critical personnel-related business functions, such as compensation, benefits, hiring, and firing
STAFF DEVELOPMENT MANAGER
Directs the training and continuing education of an organization's employees
Administers services toward guests of restaurants, hotels, motels, resorts, etc., focusing primarily on customer satisfaction
Plans and coordinates conventions, trade shows, conferences, and exhibitions by all types of organizations
Works closely with an individual to maximize their exposure and earnings
Coordinates physical workplace with people and work of an organization
Controls procurement and production process within a manufacturing organization
Controls the organization through final output of a particular product,( i.e. a magazine or newspaper in the visual arts)
INDUSTRIAL or MANUFACTURING MANAGER
Works to maintain output and maximize the efficiency of a particular production process of durable or nondurable goods
Directs the building or remodeling of a structure, working with the architect, city officials, and the crew of workers
Interfaces with patients and families in the administration and financing of health-related services, such those found at hospitals, nursing homes, and personal care centers
Assists in running drug-manufacturing companies, including areas such as research and development, marketing, and sales
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT MANAGER
Conceptualizes a company's technical needs for development, through administrative and research activities
Uses a mathematical approach to analyzing business problems, screening options, and making decisions about resources such as time, money, people, space, and raw materials
Public Sector Managers
CITY OR COUNTY MANAGER
Oversees and coordinates day-to-day running of city, county, or regional governments
GOVERNMENT PROGRAM MANAGER
Oversees a government agency or program, in such areas as economics, social services, or diplomacy
Directs the operations of a non-profit, usually charitable, organization, in areas such as administration, recruitment, and fund-raising
SCHOOL PRINCIPAL or DIRECTOR
Heads an institution of learning, either public or private, budgets funds, and relates with personnel and students
SCHOOL ADMINISTRATOR or SUPERINTENDENT
Defines and implements the policies of a school district and maintains its quality
Supervises certain facets of higher education, such as student affairs, financial affairs, or academic affairs
FARMING, FORESTRY, MINING or FISHING MANAGER
Maintains a balance between the use of these natural resources and their replenishment
Private Sector Managers
Maintains operations of a company related to disseminating information, such as telephone, Internet, print media, TV, or radio.
Assists in organizing firms dealing with such modes of transport as airlines, bus, taxi, rent-a-car, railroads, or shipping and trucking.
PUBLIC UTILITIES MANAGER
Oversees development and distribution of needs such as gas, electricity, and water for a city, region, or state.
REAL ESTATE MANAGER
Directs a team of real estate agents and helps to maintain an up-to-date database of properties for sale or rent
Oversees activities of an insurance office, including the direction of sales, monitoring of claims, and keeping up to speed on insurance rates, coverage's, and eligibility
Maintains the day-to-day operation of one or more retail outlets
FOOD SERVICES MANAGER
Operates a fast-food franchise, restaurant, or in-house cafeteria, organizing areas such as procurement, personnel, marketing, and public relations
Usually works for a retail store or supply company, overseeing repairs and maintaining product warrantee information
Manages own business, overseeing all aspects to insure its success