The Radford University Army ROTC program was established in 1978 under a cross-enrollment agreement between the presidents of both Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University and Radford University. In 1980, an agreement between Radford University and Cadet Command allowed the Radford University ROTC program to offer 2, 3, 3-1/2, and 4 year scholarships.
Army ROTC is taught at Radford University in partnership with Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. Radford University is one of the nation's largest partnership schools and typically commissions more officers than most ROTC programs.
Besides quantity, Radford University is also known for its quality. The following is a list of the program's many recognitions:
- General Douglas MacArthur Award (1994). In recognition of being the Nation's Top Program in the Small School Category.
- Partnership in Nursing Excellence (PNE) Program (1996). Radford University joined Cadet Command as a member of the PNE under an agreement with the Radford University Waldron College of Health and Human Services.
- No. 2 ranked cadet (2004) out of 4,000 ranked cadets nationally.
- Top marksman in the New River Batallion (2008, 2009).