Internal Auditing is an independent and objective assurance and consulting activity that is guided by a philosophy of adding value to improve the operations of an organization. The mission of the Office of Audit and Advisory Services is to assist the Board of Visitors, the President, and senior management of Radford University by independently examining and evaluating the operations and ongoing control processes of the university, providing counsel and recommendations for improvement whenever they are identified. In these activities, the Office of Audit and Advisory Services assists the university in meeting its mission, goals, and objectives in an effective and efficient manner. Consequently, the Office of Audit and Advisory Services is an integral part of the overall internal control structure of the university.
Scope of Work
The scope of work for Audit and Advisory Services is to ascertain that the system of internal control, as designed and represented by management, is adequate and functioning in a manner to provide reasonable assurance regarding the:
- Achievement of the university’s objectives;
- Effectiveness and efficiency of operations and programs;
- Reliability and integrity of financial and operational information;
- Safeguarding of assets; and
- Compliance with policies, standards, procedures, contracts, and applicable laws and regulations.
These reviews and evaluations of internal control are advisory in nature. The university’s management continues to be responsible for establishing and maintaining an adequate internal control system.
Independence and Accountability
To provide the requisite independence, Audit and Advisory Services personnel report to the University Auditor, who is administratively responsible to the President and functionally accountable to the Business Affairs and Audit Committee of the Board of Visitors. Any decision to terminate the University Auditor must be approved by the Business Affairs and Audit Committee.
The University Auditor as well as the Audit and Advisory Services staff are authorized to:
- Have unrestricted access to all functions, records, property, and personnel.
- Have full and free access to the President and/or the Business Affairs and Audit Committee.
- Allocate resources, set frequencies, select subjects, determine scopes of work, and apply the techniques required to accomplish audit objectives.
- Obtain the necessary assistance of personnel in units of the university where they perform audits, as well as other specialized services from within or outside the university.
The University Auditor as well as the Audit and Advisory Services staff are not authorized to:
- Perform any operational duties for the university or its affiliates.
- Initiate or approve accounting transactions external to the Office of Audit and Advisory Services.
- Direct the activities of any university employee not employed by Audit and Advisory Services, except to the extent such employees have been appropriately assigned to auditing teams or to otherwise assist the audit team.
- Develop or write policies or procedures that they may later be called upon to evaluate. Draft materials developed by management may be reviewed for propriety and/or completeness; however, ownership of, and responsibility for these materials remains with management.
The University Auditor as well as the Audit and Advisory Services Staff have responsibility to:
- Develop an annual audit plan based on relative risk and submit that plan to management and the Business Affairs and Audit Committee for review and approval.
- Implement the annual audit plan, as approved, including any special tasks or projects assigned by management and the Business Affairs and Audit Committee.
- Maintain a professional audit staff with sufficient knowledge, skills, and experience to meet the requirements of this Charter.
- Evaluate and assess significant merging/consolidating functions and new or changing systems, services, processes, operations, and control processes coincident with their development, implementation, and/or expansion.
- Perform special studies, reviews, or investigations requested by management.
- Perform consulting and advisory services related to governance, risk management, internal controls, or other areas of interest and concern.
- Report to appropriate levels of management significant issues related to the processes for controlling the activities of the university, including potential improvements to those processes.
- Correspond and follow up with management to ensure that corrective action is taken on findings and recommendations in the operations reviewed.
- Assist in the investigation of significant suspected fraudulent activities within the university and notify management and the Business Affairs and Audit Committee of the results.
- Consider the scope of work of the external auditors, as appropriate, for the purpose of providing optimal audit coverage to the university at a reasonable overall cost.
- Periodically provide to the Business Affairs and Audit Committee information on the status and results of the annual audit plan, the results of activities and operations reviewed, and the sufficiency of office resources. Reports from “special request” audits may have more limited distribution.
Standards of Audit Practice
The Office of Audit and Advisory Services will adhere to the Institute of Internal Auditors mandatory guidance including the Definition of Internal Auditing, the Code of Ethics, and the International Standards for the Professional Practice of Internal Auditing in the performance of its activities. Each member of the office is expected to consistently demonstrate high standards of conduct and ethics as well as appropriate judgment, independence and discretion. Members maintain a professional image and protect auditee confidences and confidential information.
Adopted by the Board of Visitors on September 19, 2014.